GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 21 Nov 2018, 04:04

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • All GMAT Club Tests are Free and open on November 22nd in celebration of Thanksgiving Day!

     November 22, 2018

     November 22, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Mark your calendars - All GMAT Club Tests are free and open November 22nd to celebrate Thanksgiving Day! Access will be available from 0:01 AM to 11:59 PM, Pacific Time (USA)
  • Free lesson on number properties

     November 23, 2018

     November 23, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Practice the one most important Quant section - Integer properties, and rapidly improve your skills.

The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 31 Aug 2016
Posts: 167
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V33
GMAT 2: 700 Q49 V37
GPA: 2.81
Premium Member Reviews Badge
The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Oct 2018, 18:15
1
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 54 sessions

87% (03:21) correct 13% (02:34) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 71 sessions

75% (01:10) correct 25% (02:24) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 72 sessions

63% (01:35) correct 38% (01:43) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind are not neutral perceptions that people then evaluate: they come with a value already tacked onto them by the brain‘s processing mechanisms. Tests show that these evaluations are immediate and unconscious and applied even to things people have never encountered before, like nonsense words: "juvalamu" is intensely pleasing and "bargulum" moderately so, but "chakaka" is loathed by English-speakers. These conclusion come from psychologists who have developed a test for measuring the likes and dislikes created in the moment of perceiving a word, sound or picture. The findings, if confirmed, have possibly unsettling implications for people‘s ability to think and behave objectively. This is all part of preconscious processing, the mind‘s perception and organization of information that goes on before it reaches awareness—these judgments are lightning fast in the first moment of contact between the world and the mind.

Some scientists disagree with the claim that virtually every perception carries with it an automatic judgment, though they, too, find that such evaluations are made in many circumstances. These scientists believe that people don‘t have automatic attitudes for everything, but rather, for areas of interest.

In responding to a stimulus, a signal most likely travels first to the verbal cortex, then to the amygdala, where the effect is added, and then back. The circuitry involved can do all this in a matter of a hundred milliseconds or so, long before there is conscious awareness of the word. This creates an initial predisposition that gets things off on a positive or negative footing. These reactions have the power to largely determine the course of a social interaction by defining the psychological reality of the situation from the start.

The "quick-and-dirty" judgment tends to be more predictive of how people actually behave than is their conscious reflection on the topic. This may represent a new, more subtle tool for research on people‘s attitudes, allowing scientists to assess what people feel without their having any idea of what exactly is being tested. You could detect socially sensitive attitudes people are reluctant to admit, like ethnic biases because these 35 automatic judgments occur outside a person‘s awareness, as part of an initial perception. They are trusted in the same way senses are trusted, not realizing that seemingly neutral first perceptions are already biased.

Conclusions from both camps are based on a method that allows them to detect subtle evaluations made within the first 250 milliseconds—a quarter of a second—of perception of words. The measurement of liking can be made outside the person‘s awareness because if the first word is presented in less than a quarter of a second the reaction to it never registers in consciousness, though it can still be read.

1. According to the passage and with regards to words like bargulum, juvalamu, and chakaka, "preconscious processing" (line 12) would most influence which of the following?

A. Subconscious memories concerning traumatic childhood events

B. Perception of a stranger on first sighting

C. Formulation of arguments after intense research

D. Thought processes involved in creating an intricate novel

E. Reuniting with one‘s children after a long trip overseas

2. Scientists that disagree with the idea that humans place a value on all perceptions would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

A. Most perceptions receive a value due to a familiarity with the stimulus.

B. The mind cannot possibly interpret information in an interval as short as a quarter of a second.

C. Preconscious processing would have no effect on behaviour patterns.

D. The senses are not used when placing a value on stimuli presented during an experiment.

E. Some perceptions are too valuable to actually put a value on

3. Based on information in the passage, in the author's view, which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Information regarding external stimuli is processed so quickly that it does not become part of our conscious awareness.

B. Automatic judgments occur on stimuli with which there is great familiarity.
C. Nonsense words have little or no effect on a person‘s mood.

D. Ethnic biases may be influenced by attitudes of which we are unaware.

E. The measurement of liking could be made outside of a person‘s awareness


_________________

Resources
GMATNinja Webinars
GMATNinja Chats

Quant
Mixtures

MBA Section Director
User avatar
D
Affiliations: GMATClub
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 1021
Concentration: Nonprofit
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2018, 19:04

+1 kudos to the posts containing answer explanations of all questions


_________________

New project wSTAT(which Schools To Apply To?)

B-School app with GRE

New - RC Butler - 2 RC's everyday

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 01 Jan 2018
Posts: 69
Re: The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2018, 06:45
2
1. According to the passage and with regards to words like bargulum, juvalamu, and chakaka, "preconscious processing" (line 12) would most influence which of the following?

A. Subconscious memories concerning traumatic childhood events - This is not immediate evaluation and hence not the correct choice.

B. Perception of a stranger on first sighting - The author states in 1st para "...these evaluations are immediate and unconscious and applied
even to things people have never encountered before".A stranger on first sighting is analogues to this and is the correct choice.

C. Formulation of arguments after intense research - Here also thoughts have been put in research and hence not an immediate evaluation.

D. Thought processes involved in creating an intricate novel - Similar reasoning as for C

E. Reuniting with one‘s children after a long trip overseas - This is not a new thing as it is "reuniting"...not the correct choice.


2. Scientists that disagree with the idea that humans place a value on all perceptions would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

A. Most perceptions receive a value due to a familiarity with the stimulus- In 2nd para the author says that "areas of interest"
leads to perception and hence Most perceptions receive a value due to a familiarity with the stimulus. Correct choice.

B. The mind cannot possibly interpret information in an interval as short as a quarter of a second.- In 1st para the author states
"these judgments are lightning fast in the first moment of..." which suggests that information is inerpreted successfully.

C. Preconscious processing would have no effect on behaviour patterns - Examples given in passage suggest opposite of this.

D. The senses are not used when placing a value on stimuli presented during an experiment.- The senses are used and are the starting point of
the process.

E. Some perceptions are too valuable to actually put a value on - A is a better choice.

3. Based on information in the passage, in the author's view, which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Information regarding external stimuli is processed so quickly that it does not become part of our conscious awareness.- The author
agrees with this.So not the correct choice.

B. Automatic judgments occur on stimuli with which there is great familiarity.- Stated in 2nd para
C. Nonsense words have little or no effect on a person‘s mood.- The opposite is stated in 1st para. Is he correct choice.

D. Ethnic biases may be influenced by attitudes of which we are unaware.- Not relevant

E. The measurement of liking could be made outside of a person‘s awareness - Stated in last para. Not the correct choice.
_________________

+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 23 Aug 2016
Posts: 105
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 2.84
WE: Other (Energy and Utilities)
Reviews Badge
Re: The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2018, 12:30
1
PeepalTree wrote:
The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind are not neutral perceptions that people then evaluate: they come with a value already tacked onto them by the brain‘s processing mechanisms. Tests show that these evaluations are immediate and unconscious and applied even to things people have never encountered before, like nonsense words: "juvalamu" is intensely pleasing and "bargulum" moderately so, but "chakaka" is loathed by English-speakers. These conclusion come from psychologists who have developed a test for measuring the likes and dislikes created in the moment of perceiving a word, sound or picture. The findings, if confirmed, have possibly unsettling implications for people‘s ability to think and behave objectively. This is all part of preconscious processing, the mind‘s perception and organization of information that goes on before it reaches awareness—these judgments are lightning fast in the first moment of contact between the world and the mind.

Some scientists disagree with the claim that virtually every perception carries with it an automatic judgment, though they, too, find that such evaluations are made in many circumstances. These scientists believe that people don‘t have automatic attitudes for everything, but rather, for areas of interest.

In responding to a stimulus, a signal most likely travels first to the verbal cortex, then to the amygdala, where the effect is added, and then back. The circuitry involved can do all this in a matter of a hundred milliseconds or so, long before there is conscious awareness of the word. This creates an initial predisposition that gets things off on a positive or negative footing. These reactions have the power to largely determine the course of a social interaction by defining the psychological reality of the situation from the start.

The "quick-and-dirty" judgment tends to be more predictive of how people actually behave than is their conscious reflection on the topic. This may represent a new, more subtle tool for research on people‘s attitudes, allowing scientists to assess what people feel without their having any idea of what exactly is being tested. You could detect socially sensitive attitudes people are reluctant to admit, like ethnic biases because these 35 automatic judgments occur outside a person‘s awareness, as part of an initial perception. They are trusted in the same way senses are trusted, not realizing that seemingly neutral first perceptions are already biased.

Conclusions from both camps are based on a method that allows them to detect subtle evaluations made within the first 250 milliseconds—a quarter of a second—of perception of words. The measurement of liking can be made outside the person‘s awareness because if the first word is presented in less than a quarter of a second the reaction to it never registers in consciousness, though it can still be read.
1. According to the passage and with regards to words like bargulum, juvalamu, and chakaka, "preconscious processing" (line 12) would most influence which of the following?

A. Subconscious memories concerning traumatic childhood events

B. Perception of a stranger on first sighting

C. Formulation of arguments after intense research

D. Thought processes involved in creating an intricate novel

E. Reuniting with one‘s children after a long trip overseas
2. Scientists that disagree with the idea that humans place a value on all perceptions would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

A. Most perceptions receive a value due to a familiarity with the stimulus.

B. The mind cannot possibly interpret information in an interval as short as a quarter of a second.

C. Preconscious processing would have no effect on behaviour patterns.

D. The senses are not used when placing a value on stimuli presented during an experiment.

E. Some perceptions are too valuable to actually put a value on
3. Based on information in the passage, in the author's view, which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Information regarding external stimuli is processed so quickly that it does not become part of our conscious awareness.

B. Automatic judgments occur on stimuli with which there is great familiarity.
C. Nonsense words have little or no effect on a person‘s mood.

D. Ethnic biases may be influenced by attitudes of which we are unaware.

E. The measurement of liking could be made outside of a person‘s awareness



All Correct!
Took 9 minutes but!
1. According to the passage and with regards to words like bargulum, juvalamu, and chakaka, "preconscious processing" (line 12) would most influence which of the following?

A. Subconscious memories concerning traumatic childhood events-Nopes, refer "This is all part of preconscious processing, the mind‘s perception and organization of information that goes on before it reaches awareness—these judgments are lightning fast in the first moment of contact between the world and the mind." Therefore nota first moment of contact!

B. Perception of a stranger on first sighting-Bingo!, first moment of contact.

C. Formulation of arguments after intense research-No, "intense research" is opposite!

D. Thought processes involved in creating an intricate novel-No, as mentioned above!

E. Reuniting with one‘s children after a long trip overseas-No, as mentioned above!
2. Scientists that disagree with the idea that humans place a value on all perceptions would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

A. Most perceptions receive a value due to a familiarity with the stimulus.-Perfect, refer "Some scientists disagree with the claim that virtually every perception carries with it an automatic judgment, though they, too, find that such evaluations are made in many circumstances. These scientists believe that people don‘t have automatic attitudes for everything, but rather, for areas of interest."

B. The mind cannot possibly interpret information in an interval as short as a quarter of a second.-No, not mentioned about the scientists in question

C. Preconscious processing would have no effect on behaviour patterns.-No, not mentioned about the scientists in question


D. The senses are not used when placing a value on stimuli presented during an experiment.-No, not mentioned about the scientists in question


E. Some perceptions are too valuable to actually put a value on-No, not mentioned about the scientists in question

3. Based on information in the passage, in the author's view, which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Information regarding external stimuli is processed so quickly that it does not become part of our conscious awareness.-True, refer "The findings, if confirmed, have possibly unsettling implications for people‘s ability to think and behave objectively. This is all part of preconscious processing, the mind‘s perception and organization of information that goes on before it reaches awareness—these judgments are lightning fast in the first moment of contact between the world and the mind.". Author says "if confirmed"

B. Automatic judgments occur on stimuli with which there is great familiarity-No, refer "Some scientists disagree with the claim that virtually every perception carries with it an automatic judgment, though they, too, find that such evaluations are made in many circumstances." "too" means he also agrees with them on this!

C. Nonsense words have little or no effect on a person‘s mood.-Answer by POE

D. Ethnic biases may be influenced by attitudes of which we are unaware.-refer "You could detect socially sensitive attitudes people are reluctant to admit, like ethnic biases because these 35 automatic judgments occur outside a person‘s awareness, as part of an initial perception. They are trusted in the same way senses are trusted, not realizing that seemingly neutral first perceptions are already biased."

E. The measurement of liking could be made outside of a person‘s awareness-refer"The measurement of liking can be made outside the person‘s awareness because if"[/box_in][/box_out][/align][/quote]
_________________

Thanks and Regards,

Honneeey.

In former years,Used to run for "Likes", nowadays, craving for "Kudos". :D

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 04 Aug 2018
Posts: 12
Re: The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Oct 2018, 23:34
All correct. Took 8 minutes. Is the timing fine or do I need to further work on reducing it?
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind &nbs [#permalink] 21 Oct 2018, 23:34
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The palette of sights and sounds that reach the conscious mind

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.