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The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers

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The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2018, 08:56
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The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet.

A.researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet

B. researchers who would analyze soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there had been habitual use of plants, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals in association with burial of the dead at Raqefet

C. researchers who had analyzed soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude that in the rituals associated with burial of the dead in Raqafet, there had been habitual plant use, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties

D. researchers, analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties

E. researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel in concluding particularly flowering and aromatic varieties of plants were in habitual use in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet.

A.researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet-analyzing is a verb+ing modifier that modifies researchers

B. researchers who would analyze soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there had been habitual use of plants, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals in association with burial of the dead at Raqefet-would indicates imaginary condition

C. researchers who had analyzed soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude that in the rituals associated with burial of the dead in Raqafet, there had been habitual plant use, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties-past perfect tense is not required here-simple past is enough

D. researchers, analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties-verb+ing (analyzing) is modifing entire preceding clause and not researchers

E. researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel in concluding particularly flowering and aromatic varieties of plants were in habitual use in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet - preposition "to" is preferred- to conclude
Ps:I am not sure my analysis is correct, check for expert review
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2018, 08:23
madhankumar666 wrote:
The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet.

A.researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet-analyzing is a verb+ing modifier that modifies researchers

B. researchers who would analyze soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there had been habitual use of plants, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals in association with burial of the dead at Raqefet-would indicates imaginary condition

C. researchers who had analyzed soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude that in the rituals associated with burial of the dead in Raqafet, there had been habitual plant use, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties-past perfect tense is not required here-simple past is enough

D. researchers, analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties-verb+ing (analyzing) is modifing entire preceding clause and not researchers

E. researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel in concluding particularly flowering and aromatic varieties of plants were in habitual use in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet - preposition "to" is preferred- to conclude
Ps:I am not sure my analysis is correct, check for expert review


Do you feel uncomfortable to see an "and" added to the modifier ", and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties,". This part made me discard this answer and struggle to find the most correct one out of the rest.
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 09:11
alexlearning17 wrote:
The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet.

A.researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet

B. researchers who would analyze soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there had been habitual use of plants, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals in association with burial of the dead at Raqefet

C. researchers who had analyzed soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude that in the rituals associated with burial of the dead in Raqafet, there had been habitual plant use, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties

D. researchers, analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties

E. researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel in concluding particularly flowering and aromatic varieties of plants were in habitual use in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet


I got A by POE.. but is the usage of "led researchers analyzing" correct??
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 09:19
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rahul16singh28 wrote:
alexlearning17 wrote:
The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet.

A.researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet

B. researchers who would analyze soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there had been habitual use of plants, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals in association with burial of the dead at Raqefet

C. researchers who had analyzed soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude that in the rituals associated with burial of the dead in Raqafet, there had been habitual plant use, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties

D. researchers, analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties

E. researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel in concluding particularly flowering and aromatic varieties of plants were in habitual use in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet


I got A by POE.. but is the usage of "led researchers analyzing" correct??


The "analyzing" here is the noun modifier, and here, particularly, it modifies "researchers". The action that goes with verb "led" is "to conclude" .

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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2018, 04:41
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Hi All,
I have a doubt. Shouldn't conclude be followed by "That"? Isn't "conclude that" the correct idiomatic usage?
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 07:44
The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet.

I don't know if it is a rule, but if there is a comma and i.e. ', and' I expect the rest of the part after the and to be a clause. If it is just an and, then I assume that the same subject that performs the action on both sides of the and. In this question I feel answer A cannot be correct since , and is not followed by a clause.

Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2018, 19:20
Hello,
Here is my analysis:

The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet.

Quote:
A.researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet

The word analysing is correctly modifyng the noun reaserchers. The phrase and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties is nonessential information. We have then that there was habitual use of plants in... associated with... We don't have any problem with this. Let's keep it.

Quote:
B. researchers who would analyze soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there had been habitual use of plants, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals in association with burial of the dead at Raqefet

The past perfect is not need here, because we don't have two different events to establish which one was before the other. It is incorrect.

Quote:
C. researchers who had analyzed soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude that in the rituals associated with burial of the dead in Raqafet, there had been habitual plant use, and particularly flowering and aromatic

Same reason as in B. It is also incorrect

Quote:
D. researchers, analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties

Here we have not only the word analyzing modifying the previous clause, changing the meaning, but also we lost the intended meaning that something lead... to.... It is incorrect.

Quote:
E. researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel in concluding particularly flowering and aromatic varieties of plants were in habitual use in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet

We have that something lead... in.... That construction is wrong. Also the meaning changes. It is incorrect.

The right answer is A.
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2018, 00:20
VodkaHelps wrote:
The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet.

A.researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet

B. researchers who would analyze soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there had been habitual use of plants, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals in association with burial of the dead at Raqefet

C. researchers who had analyzed soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude that in the rituals associated with burial of the dead in Raqafet, there had been habitual plant use, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties

D. researchers, analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties

E. researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel in concluding particularly flowering and aromatic varieties of plants were in habitual use in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet


The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet.
For now I dont see anything wrong with the sentence just yet, hence let me have a look at others:

B. researchers who would analyze soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there had been habitual use of plants, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties, in the rituals in association with burial of the dead at Raqefet => huh? who would, there had been? so weird

C. researchers who had analyzed soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude that in the rituals associated with burial of the dead in Raqafet, there had been habitual plant use, and particularly flowering and aromatic varieties => there was no two actions for the past participle tense to be correct. I think the correct use of who in this case should be 'the presence...led researchers who analyzed... to conclude' and this can be rewritten as 'the presence... led researchers analyzing... (who analyzed = analyzing)

D. researchers, analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel to conclude there was habitual use of plants in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet, and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties => error in use of Ving + comma, which generally modifies for the preceding clause. Plus the placement of "and particularly of flowering and aromatic varieties" is confusing

E. researchers analyzing soil in and around Mesolithic graves in Israel in concluding particularly flowering and aromatic varieties of plants were in habitual use in the rituals associated with burial of the dead at Raqefet => unidiomatic, led to is correct, plus in GMAT the rule is to use to verb rather than preposition + Ving (if I remember it correctly :-)
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2018, 08:02
daagh shouldnt answer choice A here have "that" after "conclude "

Because if we are concluding "something itself" we don't use "that" but if we are concluding something about a thing like a quality or anything about an entity we use "that".

So shouldn't "that "be used here?

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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2018, 03:38
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I don't think it makes any difference. Here the word 'that' acts as a simple connector of the prior part with the latter part. We can dispense with the connectors when the word following that is either a noun or its equivalent.

Example: I was worried that 'I' would lose the job.

However, in cases in which 'that' acts as a subject, we cannot drop it
Example: I bought a book that weighed more than five pounds.
Here ' that' acts as the subject of the latter. If you drop the 'that' in this case, it would make little sense.
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 16:43
daagh wrote:
Aditya
I don't think it makes any difference. Here the word 'that' acts as a simple connector of the prior part with the latter part. We can dispense with the connectors when the word following that is either a noun or its equivalent.

Example: I was worried that 'I' would lose the job.

However, in cases in which 'that' acts as a subject, we cannot drop it
Example: I bought a book that weighed more than five pounds.
Here ' that' acts as the subject of the latter. If you drop the 'that' in this case, it would make little sense.


Daagh Sahb
"That" is needed for most of the verbs; it isn't mandatory for verb forms of tell, say etc.
Are there more exceptions to this rule.
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Re: The presence of both plant impressions and phytoliths led researchers &nbs [#permalink] 18 Sep 2018, 16:43
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