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# The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put

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The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 18 Oct 2015, 02:11
3
42
00:00

Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (01:45) correct 52% (01:52) wrong based on 1770 sessions

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The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.
B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.
C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.
D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.
E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

OA after some discussion.

1. He is quicker than she - correct, adjective needed
2. He runs more quickly than she - is this correct?

Originally posted by akrish1982 on 13 Sep 2012, 10:14.
Last edited by reto on 18 Oct 2015, 02:11, edited 2 times in total.
format and style, & source
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2012, 16:28
14
7
This is definitely a question of adverb vs. adjective. The 3:2 split is 'quicker' vs 'more quickly'. Notice how we are talking about the verb form 'be extinguished'. Thus we must use the adverb form 'more quickly.' This narrows it down to (D) and (E). We are talking about an event in the past ('within three decades...'), so we do not want the present perfect 'has formulated.' That leaves us with (D).
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2012, 11:23
akrish1982 wrote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.[b][/b]

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.
B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.
C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.
D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.
E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

OA after some discussion.

1. He is quicker than she - correct, adjective needed
2. He runs more quickly than she - is this correct?

D is what I think.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2012, 05:06
2
1
I took following approach to arrive at the right option.
Quote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. >> put on hold
B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. >> tense problem, we need simple past tense
C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. >> tense problem, we need simple past tense
D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. >> Put on hold
E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. >> tense problem, we need simple past tense

With this we are left with option A and D.
I selected D because it sounded OK to me, but now with the explanations from experts I can definitely say that we need an adverb to modify verb "extinguished". Hence 'more quickly' is definitely correct option.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2014, 09:07
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ChrisLele wrote:
This is definitely a question of adverb vs. adjective. The 3:2 split is 'quicker' vs 'more quickly'. Notice how we are talking about the verb form 'be extinguished'. Thus we must use the adverb form 'more quickly.' This narrows it down to (D) and (E). We are talking about an event in the past ('within three decades...'), so we do not want the present perfect 'has formulated.' That leaves us with (D).

I was aware of "more quickly" being the correct option but I chose E as the answer assuming the statement is made now and it is alright to use present perfect if the policy has already been formulated. Please explain why can't this be the right option.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2015, 02:05
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2015, 04:31
The answer is D. Quick is wrong. Must be quickly - adverb.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2015, 21:25
Shouldn't we use present perfect with the word "within"?? I am confused. Please clarify my doubt.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2015, 23:13
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Shouldn't we use present perfect with the word "within"?? I am confused. Please clarify my doubt.

Madsushi, we could use present perfect if we were sure that the three years reaches our present day. However, we can't be sure about this. It can be in the past.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2015, 07:51
easy first to eliminate : B, C and E ; has formulated /had formulate...
so between A and D , D is correct caz of Adj (more quickly than..... )

so OA D
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2015, 11:52
reto daagh WaterFlowsUp

Hi experts please suggest why option E is incorrect
the third clause"directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past."gives you two event so past perfect is good there and use of within suggests present perfect in clause preceding this
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2015, 02:09
kanigmat011 wrote:
reto daagh WaterFlowsUp

Hi experts please suggest why option E is incorrect
the third clause"directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past."gives you two event so past perfect is good there and use of within suggests present perfect in clause preceding this

Hi

We are talking about an event in the past, therefore E is incorrect. Leaves you with D.

best
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2015, 02:55
akrish1982 wrote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.
B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.
C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.
D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.
E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

OA after some discussion.

1. He is quicker than she - correct, adjective needed
2. He runs more quickly than she - is this correct?

Hi,

I'm new here, is this SC question realistic compared to GMAT level? It seems so hard compared to the hard questions I've seen on the OG...

Thanks!
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2017, 12:52
Please elucidate as to why option A is wrong?

Regards
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2017, 16:56
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gmatexam439 Knowing the difference between adjectives and adverbs is essential to this question, and to the mastery of English grammar in general. "Quicker" means "more quick." That makes it an adjective, which describes a noun. "Quickly" is an adverb, which describes an action (or pretty much anything other than a noun). Since we are describing how fires are extinguished, we need to use an adverb ("more quickly") rather than an adjective ("quicker").

If we were describing the people who extinguish fires, we'd use "quicker": The firefighters in this town are quicker than those in Minneapolis.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2018, 02:44
DmitryFarber wrote:
gmatexam439 Knowing the difference between adjectives and adverbs is essential to this question, and to the mastery of English grammar in general. "Quicker" means "more quick." That makes it an adjective, which describes a noun. "Quickly" is an adverb, which describes an action (or pretty much anything other than a noun). Since we are describing how fires are extinguished, we need to use an adverb ("more quickly") rather than an adjective ("quicker").

If we were describing the people who extinguish fires, we'd use "quicker": The firefighters in this town are quicker than those in Minneapolis.

DmitryFarber, Thank you sensei !!
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2018, 08:04
ChrisLele wrote:
This is definitely a question of adverb vs. adjective. The 3:2 split is 'quicker' vs 'more quickly'. Notice how we are talking about the verb form 'be extinguished'. Thus we must use the adverb form 'more quickly.' This narrows it down to (D) and (E). We are talking about an event in the past ('within three decades...'), so we do not want the present perfect 'has formulated.' That leaves us with (D).

thanks!
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2018, 04:21
the most difficult point for non native like me is the differentiation between present perfect and simple past.

normally, to confirm a tense, we can find a time word and know which tense is correct.

but inhere, there is no time words. we have to use context to infer the correct tense. "then 5 years old" is the clue. the tense must be simple past. not present perfect.

the hardest point for tense problem is how to differentiate among simple present, simple past and present perfect. these tense are basic . we need to review them in grammar book a little. and remember , use 2 ways to confirm the correct tense: "time word" and " context"
Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put &nbs [#permalink] 18 Aug 2018, 04:21
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