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The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every

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The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Nov 2018, 00:51
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The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.


A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

Originally posted by neeshpal on 14 Mar 2009, 12:32.
Last edited by Bunuel on 30 Nov 2018, 00:51, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2012, 16:28
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This is definitely a question of adverb vs. adjective. The 3:2 split is 'quicker' vs 'more quickly'. Notice how we are talking about the verb form 'be extinguished'. Thus we must use the adverb form 'more quickly.' This narrows it down to (D) and (E). We are talking about an event in the past ('within three decades...'), so we do not want the present perfect 'has formulated.' That leaves us with (D).
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2009, 07:37
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neeshpal wrote:
can someone please explain why adverbial phrase "more quickly" is preferred over "quicker"



I chose D too..

quickly (Adverb) clearly modifies " extinguished" (Verb)
quicker (Adj) .. can't modifiy "extinguished" (Verb)
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2009, 13:24
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Between D and E, I chose D.
1. We need adverbial phrase "more quickly"
2.In D, "formulated" and "they had been in the past" show the sequence of past events.
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New post 14 Mar 2009, 16:54
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botirvoy wrote:
Between D and E, I chose D.
1. We need adverbial phrase "more quickly"
2.In D, "formulated" and "they had been in the past" show the sequence of past events.


I agree with D and took a different route.

If you look at all choices, had been is common. So the past perfect progressive tense is common in all choices. So we clearly need a simple past.

Hence A & D remain and all else out.

Between A & D, I chose D.

Botirvoy,

Can you please explain the need for adverbial phrase?
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2009, 23:10
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D , because Adverbial Phrase "more quickly than" is preferred over "Quicker"(I posted one similar Q yesterday)
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New post 15 Mar 2009, 07:27
can someone please explain why adverbial phrase "more quickly" is preferred over "quicker"
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New post 15 Mar 2009, 07:40
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If you want to modify the verb "extinguished", you ll need an adverb/adverbial. Hence we need "quickly" - "quicker" is an adjective.
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New post 05 Feb 2011, 09:18
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neeshpal wrote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

Spoiler: :: OA
D


explanations please..


quick modifies verb (extinguished) thus we need adverbial modifier -> "quickly" ELIMINATE ABC
between D and E chose D because has formulated means it is still formulating but then uses verb CALLED in the past so formulation action should be finished....

D my choice !
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2011, 05:08
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Quote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

[Obscure] Spoiler: OA
D


explanations please.



Answer: D

Parallelism - "decided to put out..." and "formulated what it called..."
Adverbs - "extinguished more quickly" vs "extinguished quicker"
You say 'fires are extinguished quickly' instead of 'fires are extinguished quick'. As such, when you are trying to imply an increased efficiency, you say 'fires are extinguished more quickly' instead of 'fires are extinguished quicker'. :)
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New post 24 May 2012, 20:11
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MGMAT in this case is being outquoted IMO. MGMAT says ‘in the last ten days” meaning that the action started some ten days ago in the past and is still continuing. That is the significance of the word last. You certainly require a present perfect to tense it. However, the topic under question does not say that the FD formulated in the last three decades. And also note that the Department called it the 10. A.M policy in simple past tense. Therefore, the drafting is still not continuing and ended within three decades well before now; therefore, this is an action that started and ended in the past just as it was named in the past using simple past. You require a corresponding simple past to describe the formulation also, and hence D using formulated is the appropriate choice.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2012, 01:06
Just for the sake of getting the concepts clear, what is the subject of the verb 'directing' in this case ? the 'agency' or the 'policy'? Please let me know.
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New post 25 May 2012, 02:47
Directing is not a verb in this case. So there is no subject for that. It is a present participle. You see, a policy is just statement while it is the men behind the policy who are the directors. So Agency fits in better
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2012, 05:06
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I took following approach to arrive at the right option.
Quote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. >> put on hold
B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. >> tense problem, we need simple past tense
C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. >> tense problem, we need simple past tense
D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. >> Put on hold
E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. >> tense problem, we need simple past tense

With this we are left with option A and D.
I selected D because it sounded OK to me, but now with the explanations from experts I can definitely say that we need an adverb to modify verb "extinguished". Hence 'more quickly' is definitely correct option.
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New post 07 Feb 2013, 08:06
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. Incorrect. "more quickly" is correct. It is parallel - Formulated Vs Decided.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. Incorrect. "more quickly" is correct. It is not parallel - has Formulated Vs Decided.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. Incorrect. "more quickly" is correct. It is not parallel - had Formulated Vs Decided.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. Correct. "more quickly" is correct. It is parallel - Formulated Vs Decided. Past perfect tense has two actions - one implemented and formulated while "be extinguished....had been in the past"

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. Incorrect. "more quickly" is correct. It is not parallel - has Formulated Vs Decided.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 06:45
Between D and E.

I need a logical explanation. :(
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 07:21
rekhabishop wrote:
Between D and E.

I need a logical explanation. :(


For the verb "to formulate", present perfect or simple past, both can be correct depending on the time frame of perspective. If the current time is towards the end of the three decades, then present perfrect is correct. If the 3 decades completed in the past, then simple past is correct. However looking at the the other verb "called", it appears that the 3 decades completed in the past, and hence option D could be considered better than E.
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New post 28 Dec 2017, 12:52
Please elucidate as to why option A is wrong?

Kindly use simple english, instead of adjective /adverb to explain the concept.

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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2017, 16:56
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gmatexam439 Knowing the difference between adjectives and adverbs is essential to this question, and to the mastery of English grammar in general. "Quicker" means "more quick." That makes it an adjective, which describes a noun. "Quickly" is an adverb, which describes an action (or pretty much anything other than a noun). Since we are describing how fires are extinguished, we need to use an adverb ("more quickly") rather than an adjective ("quicker").

If we were describing the people who extinguish fires, we'd use "quicker": The firefighters in this town are quicker than those in Minneapolis.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2019, 17:40
I came down to D and E. But made a silly mistake to choose E :( . I should have seen that they are talking about the past - not ongoing.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every   [#permalink] 11 Jun 2019, 17:40

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