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Though the artifacts of pre-Columbian civization created a stir from t

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New post 19 Oct 2014, 10:57
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kinjiGC wrote:
I was thinking about "artifacts" and "European contacts" and logically western designers cannot imitate the artifacts. That was my reasoning.

Actually western designers (or artists and crafters) cannot be an antecedent of them. The reason being that them cannot refer to a noun in the same clause. Let's look at an example. Suppose after winning a match, the players were proud of their performance. Then, we would not say:

After winning the match, players were proud of them.

What is more appropriate is:

After winning the match, players were proud of themselves.
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New post 22 May 2016, 04:25
Hi !

I don't understand why the answer choice B is false... :?

I have red in your posts that there is no antecedent for "it" in the sentence B.

But what is the difference with the sentence A : "it was not until the latter..." ??

Thanks for your help

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New post 22 May 2016, 06:15
Hi Alex75PAris,

I don't believe the issue is with the usage of "it". The issue is with the meaning. Option B seems to illogically state that the artifacts did not inspire the imitations of western designers. Which is absurd.

b)they did not inspire imitations of western designers, artists, and crafters until it was the latter half of the nineteenth century
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New post 01 May 2017, 15:01
In the official explanation of this question. Option B is rejected because " IT" in the line " It was not untill later half of nineteen century..." does not have a referent.
Whereas in Option A the same "It" is taken as place holder so can anyone explain when to take "It" as a placeholder and when "It" needs a referent ?
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New post 05 May 2017, 02:54
dixitraghav wrote:
In the official explanation of this question. Option B is rejected because " IT" in the line " It was not untill later half of nineteen century..." does not have a referent.
Whereas in Option A the same "It" is taken as place holder so can anyone explain when to take "It" as a placeholder and when "It" needs a referent ?


In option B, there is no " It was not untill later half of nineteen century..." as you mentioned. You seem to have confused something.

Nonetheless please refer to this explanation why B is wrong:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/though-the-a ... l#p1194988
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New post 01 Jan 2019, 01:44
DmitryFarber wrote:
mun23 wrote:
Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a stir from the very first European contacts with the new world in the sixteenth century,it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists and crafters were inspired to imitate them.

(A)it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them.
(B)they did not inspire imitations of western designers,artists, and crafters until it was the later half of the nineteenth century
(C)not until the later half of the nineteenth century was it that they have inspired western designers,artists ,and crafters to imitation
(D)until the later half of the nineteenth century western designers,artists ,and crafters have not been inspired to imitate
(E)they were not inspirations of western designers,artists, and crafters imitations until the later half of the nineteenth century


(B) refers to "imitations of western designers," etc. The artifacts were imitated, not the designers and artists!
(C) says that the artifacts "have inspired" designers, etc. We can't use the present perfect to refer to something that happened over a century ago.
(D) Same deal as C.
(E) Even if we add the needed apostrophes to make "designers, artists, and crafters" possessive, "inspirations of designers' imitations" is still not idiomatic, and the meaning is not terribly clear. The usage in A is much better.


great explanation
inspiration for somebody/something
inspiration of somebody/ somebody's inspiration
we can not have
inspiration of something. this makes no sense.

moreover, if we add apostrophes , we can not have "desingers, artists, and crafters' imitation " because the first noun phrase is too long. we can not have this phase in English.
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New post 22 Jan 2019, 10:34
daagh Bishal123456789
Can you please how the option A is an independent clause . I was unable to think of "it was not until the later ..... century" is complete in itself
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New post 14 Jul 2019, 21:06
"inspirations of western designers" ..... they inspired western designers not the other way around


(A) it was not until the latter half of the nineteenth century that Western designers, artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them

(B) they did not inspire imitations of western designers, artists, and crafters until it was the latter half of the nineteenth century
(E) they were not inspirations of Western designers, artists, and crafters imitations until the latter half of the nineteenth century

(C) not until the latter half of the nineteenth century was it that they have inspired Western designers, artists, and crafters to imitation

(D) until the latter half of the nineteenth century Western designers, artists and crafters have not been inspired to imitate
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New post 19 Jul 2019, 21:49
In SC, it is really important to understand the meaning of the sentence. There are thousands of idioms and rules, how many will you remember?

In option B, they did not inspire imitations of western designers, artists, and crafters until it was the latter half of the nineteenth century

they stands for artifacts- correct
artifacts did not inspire imitations of western designers... ? What ? Western designers are imitated in the sentence, WHICH IS ABSOLUTELY WRONG.

In Option E, they were not inspirations of Western designers, artists, and crafters imitations until the latter half of the nineteenth century

Artifacts were not inspirations of Western designers, artists, and crafters imitations ... Okay wait. imitations of what? When I read the sentence, I get the sense that crafters imitated something, and artifacts inspired those "something". WRONG. Artifacts inspired these designed to imitate after these artifacts.

Takeaway : While solving questions, keep asking yourself if the sentence even makes sense. There are thousands of idioms and what not. How many can you remember?
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-Columbian civization created a stir from t   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2019, 21:49

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