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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,

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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.


A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of

C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of


https://www.nytimes.com/1998/10/15/nyregion/albany-to-make-trucks-and-buses-pass-emission-tests-as-cars-do.html

Though the law will require testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor-trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline-powered and are not subject to standards as stringent as those for other cars. Sales of diesel-powered utility vehicles are beginning to pick up, however, and the diesel vehicles will be subject to the new emissions program for buses and trucks.

Originally posted by KC on 21 Oct 2006, 16:54.
Last edited by Bunuel on 13 Dec 2018, 03:31, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2013, 03:10
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sujit2k7 wrote:
Can some gurus help ? Is it a gmat prep question can some one confirm?

My take on the question...

Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles , from tractor trailers to excursion buses,
it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of
which are gasoline powered,
and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent
as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

a
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
the subject of the sentence is 'The Law' - making it wrong

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
the missing subject can only be : The law - so meaning is changed

C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
the missing subject can only be : The law - so meaning is changed

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
which refers to sport vehicles , it should be "are not subjected to"- as passive format used ; also they is referring to again to vehicles

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

they - from parallelism point it should be the law, laws for is correct ,laws of is incorrect

so for me none of these, but if it is a Official question i need to learn...please some one help


Hi Sujit,

This question is not from a reliable source. It seems to be from GDW, a guy who claims to have remembered all of his GMAT tests' questions. But there are a lot of such questions floating on the net, so it is doubtful that this question is official.

Even though the source is doubtful, (C) looks best of all the answer choices.

The missing subject is not "the law" but the sport utility vehicles. Lets replace all the pronouns with their antecedents into the sentence.

all of sport utility vehicles are gasoline powered and all of sports utility vehicles are therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as the emissions-control standards for diesel-powered vehicles.. Moreover, (C) correctly uses the present simple tense to express a characteristic that is usually true for gasoline engines.

(B) and (E) are incorrect in their use of "those of", it should be "those for". In (A) and (B) the missing subject is "it", which refers to "the law". If (C) would have got a comma before "and" then the missing subject would have been "the Law". 'they" in (D) is ambiguous as it can refer to either "emission standards" or "vehicles"


Hope this helps,

Vercules
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2007, 09:01
6
1
4
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from
tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility
vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be sub-
jected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
diesel-powered vehicles.

A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
[Incorrect - therefore should be used in place of will because a consequence is drawn based on facts + subjective pronoun they is used in place of objective pronoun those]

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards
that are as stringent as those of
[Incorrect - improper preposition of]

C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as those for
[Correct - therefore, those, for; all of them are ok in context]

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
[Incorrect - which does not draw a consequence from facts while in this construct a consequence is drwan based on stated facts]

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control
standards as stringent as those of
[Incorrect - Excessive pronoun they]

Please do not mention OA at the same time, that makes thought process biased.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2010, 11:42
could anybody comment on subject vs subjected?
which is correct?
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2012, 01:03
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Though I am a bit late noburu, but will still answer your question.
In the non underlined part the sentence states that "it will have no effect on SUVs and therefore will not subject to..."
Hope its clear
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2012, 09:36
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chejw wrote:
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

I chose A, but the listed answer is C.
the idiom is: be subjecte to or just subject to??
Which one is better?


Why choice A is wrong. Let me explain the reason.

powered, and will not be subjected to emission.... In this case, the main subject of "and will" is IT from "it will have no effect on...". There are no meaning if the subject of the second part is IT.

Three others choices B, D, and E, "and therefore" play different role, but wrong subject lead to wrong meaning.

In choice C, "and therefore" without comma before make the subject of this part is "all of which" (which stood for sport utility vehicles.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2012, 10:09
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Marcab wrote:
Though I am a bit late noburu, but will still answer your question.
In the non underlined part the sentence states that "it will have no effect on SUVs and therefore will not subject to..."
Hope its clear


Dude Marcab I think thats not the reason.

"it will have no effect on SUVs and therefore will not subject to..."

it refers to Law, the laws are subjected to emissions-control standards, SUV are.
In the correct answer C, we have parallelism between "SUVs, which are gasoline powered and which are not subject to"

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2013, 02:11
1
Can some gurus help ? Is it a gmat prep question can some one confirm?

My take on the question...

Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles , from tractor trailers to excursion buses,
it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of
which are gasoline powered,
and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent
as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

a
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
the subject of the sentence is 'The Law' - making it wrong

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
the missing subject can only be : The law - so meaning is changed

C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
the missing subject can only be : The law - so meaning is changed

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
which refers to sport vehicles , it should be "are not subjected to"- as passive format used ; also they is referring to again to vehicles

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

they - from parallelism point it should be the law, laws for is correct ,laws of is incorrect

so for me none of these, but if it is a Official question i need to learn...please some one help
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2016, 10:43
1
chejw wrote:
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from
tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility
vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be sub-
jected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
diesel-powered vehicles.

A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards
that are as stringent as those of
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as those for
D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control
standards as stringent as those of



In this question the comparison can be as follows:-

The law will have no effect on sport utility vehicle as it has on other diesel vehicles.
Sport utility vehicles are not subjected to as stringent control standards as other diesel vehicles are.
Emission control standards are not as stringent for sport utility vehicles as are for other diesel vehicle.


'C' is the right choice.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2017, 11:14
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1
chejw wrote:
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

I chose A, but the listed answer is C.
the idiom is: be subjecte to or just subject to??
Which one is better?
OA: C



Many bloggers have asked why the official answer C uses subject instead of subjected, but I have not seen a valid answer to this question.
I will give my opinion.

The word subject is not only used as a verb, but also as an adjective. The adjective "subject" means "owing obedience or allegiance to the power or dominion of another" according to Merrian Webster dictionary. This adjective is parallel to "gasoline powered", which is also used as an adjective.

I hope this explanation helps.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2017, 07:38
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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

'They are for' is the correct idiom; 'they are of' is incorrect. This is where the strategy starts. Remove B and E for using the wrong idiom.

A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for --- 1. The pronoun 'they' looks suspect; one can't say for sure whether 'they' refers to the standards or the SUVs. 2. The shift of tense from the present to the future namely - will not be subjected to -- seems pointless.

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of -- the wrong idiom
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for -- correct choice.

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for -- here we have two relative clauses without proper conjugation, leading to doubts whether one modifier modifies the other.

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of-- the wrong idiom

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 10:59
Hi experts,

In choice E, I know "they are" is unnecesarry and that of is incorrect, but does the presence of "they are" (SV) demand a comma before "and", making this issue another reason why E is wrong?

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 15:25
2
2
CristianJuarez wrote:
Hi experts,

In choice E, I know "they are" is unnecesarry and that of is incorrect, but does the presence of "they are" (SV) demand a comma before "and", making this issue another reason why E is wrong?

Kind regards,
Cristián



Hello Cristián CristianJuarez,


I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Yes, your your analysis of the structure in Choice E mentioned in your post is absolutely correct.

Since therefore they are... is an independent clause, the connector and must be preceded by a comma to connect this clause to the preceding independent clause.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 17:06
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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for. Is they referring to vehicles or standards. ambiguous

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of. wrong idiom; standards of implies vehicles set the standards. I'm selective in whom I date; my standards are higher standards than those of my my peers. Standards for means standards imposed on someone or something; this is the author's intended meaning.

C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for. Correct

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for. Same reason as B.

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of. Same reason as C.
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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2018, 03:32
Lets start with easy and quick eliminations. Focus on mechanical eliminations first by focusing on grammar rules.
A,D and E straight away are out. Explanations mentioned in line.

A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for.
Parallelism error , we have no good reason here to use future tense here.
Better way to write is - No effect on sports vehicles because they are gasoline powered and therefore not subject to standards. This is what choice C says. -> out.

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
your head should straight away jump of the page , okay so what those of is referring to . it is referring to standards which is not bad , but you know it must be standards for not standards of. -> out

C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
Looks fine , parallelism is clear and concise - present tense, those for is correct usage too. lets keep it for now.

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
Totally wrong. Which refers to powered which absolutely destroys the intended meaning. - > out.

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of
Two errors , those of incorrect and parallelism error . why do we need a clause after and . doesn't make whole lot of sense. -> Out

Choice C winner.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 12:26
daagh wrote:
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

'They are for' is the correct idiom; 'they are of' is incorrect. This is where the strategy starts. Remove B and E for using the wrong idiom.

A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for --- 1. The pronoun 'they' looks suspect; one can't say for sure whether 'they' refers to the standards or the SUVs. 2. The shift of tense from the present to the future namely - will not be subjected to -- seems pointless.

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of -- the wrong idiom
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for -- correct choice.

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for -- here we have two relative clauses without proper conjugation, leading to doubts whether one modifier modifies the other.

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of-- the wrong idiom


could you explain why those of is not ok?
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 10:35
cledgard wrote:
chejw wrote:
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

I chose A, but the listed answer is C.
the idiom is: be subjecte to or just subject to??
Which one is better?
OA: C



Many bloggers have asked why the official answer C uses subject instead of subjected, but I have not seen a valid answer to this question.
I will give my opinion.

The word subject is not only used as a verb, but also as an adjective. The adjective "subject" means "owing obedience or allegiance to the power or dominion of another" according to Merrian Webster dictionary. This adjective is parallel to "gasoline powered", which is also used as an adjective.

I hope this explanation helps.


Thanks for the explanation. But I still feel a prick when I read it: SUVs are not subject to EC standards.(Here I interpret it like: how can SUVs be a subject to some standards)

SUVs are not subjected to EC standards.(Here: they are subjected to some standards by the law).

I am unable to get around this usage of 'Subject'. Can you please help me with some example statements?
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 06:05
daagh
Can you please elaborate whats the verb in C in "therefore not subject............"
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 07:02
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teaserbae

all are (gasoline powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control)
all - a plural subject
are --- a plural verb
gasoline - powered -- the first adjective modifying all
not subject - another adjective modifying all ( subject has several meanings(https://www.thefreedictionary.com/subject)
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2019, 00:07
A is wrong because it omits the word “therefore”. “therefore” is needed because the point of the sentence is to illustrate a consequence. B is also out because it improperly uses the preposition ‘of’. D is out because it uses ‘which’ instead of ‘therefore’, again not illustrating a consequence. Also ‘which’ seems to be referring to ‘gasoline powered’, which is incorrect. E is out because the pronoun ‘they’ is redundant. Therefore, the option C is the correct one.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles,   [#permalink] 30 Jan 2019, 00:07

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