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Traditionally, public school instructors

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Traditionally, public school instructors  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2015, 21:57
2
1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (01:22) correct 22% (01:24) wrong based on 276 sessions

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Traditionally, public school instructors have been compensated according to
seniority. Recently, educational experts have criticized the system as one that
rewards lackadaisical teaching and reduces motivation to excel. Instead, these
experts argue that, to retain exceptional teachers and maintain quality instruction,
teachers should receive salaries or bonuses based on performance rather
than seniority.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument of the educational
experts?

(A) Some teachers express that financial compensation is not the only factor
contributing to job satisfaction and teaching performance.

(B) School districts will develop their own unique compensation structures that
may differ greatly from those of other school districts.

(C) Upon leaving the teaching profession, many young, effective teachers cite a
lack of opportunity for more rapid financial advancement as a primary factor
in the decision to change careers.

(D) In school districts that have implemented pay for performance compensation
structures, standardized test scores have dramatically increased.

(E) A merit-based system that bases compensation on teacher performance
reduces collaboration, which is an integral component of quality instruction.

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Re: Traditionally, public school instructors  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 14:40
4
In weaken critical reasoning questions, it is helpful to predict what a correct answer will look like if possible. This is not always easy in strengthen/weaken critical reasoning questions, but doing so can help you avoid tricky trap answers so you should always try.

Here the educational experts are arguing that, in order to retain exception teachers and therefore maintain quality instruction, teachers should receive compensation based on performance and not seniority. According to them, paying teachers based on seniority encourages lackadaisical teaching and reduces motivation.

My prediction going into these answer choices was pretty vague, but essentially I was looking for a reason why changing this metric would not change, or would even hurt, the instruction. I also thought it may somehow involve the idea that low-performing teachers are weeded out early in their careers, and only the best teachers become more tenured. This didn't end up being a correct answer choice, but it is one of the thoughts that I had prior to reviewing the answer choices.

Answer choice A is irrelevant. Of course there are probably other motivations, but if financial compensation is one of the motivations then this argument is still as solid as when we started. The argument never claimed that it has to be the only motivation.

Answer choice B is out of scope. The exact structures of the different school districts don't matter. We are discussing the overarching principle, not the details.

Answer choice C strengthens, not weakens, the argument (common opposite trap answer to weaken questions).

Answer choice D also strengthens the argument by showing positive results in school districts that have taken this action, and therefore this is another trap.

Answer choice E nicely weakens the argument, and is the correct answer. It shows something that would occur that would reduce the quality of instruction if teachers were paid based on performance, and therefore weakens the argument that doing this would result in improved instruction.

I hope this helps!
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Re: Traditionally, public school instructors  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 23:17
VeritasPrepBrandon wrote:
In weaken critical reasoning questions, it is helpful to predict what a correct answer will look like if possible. This is not always easy in strengthen/weaken critical reasoning questions, but doing so can help you avoid tricky trap answers so you should always try.

Here the educational experts are arguing that, in order to retain exception teachers and therefore maintain quality instruction, teachers should receive compensation based on performance and not seniority. According to them, paying teachers based on seniority encourages lackadaisical teaching and reduces motivation.

My prediction going into these answer choices was pretty vague, but essentially I was looking for a reason why changing this metric would not change, or would even hurt, the instruction. I also thought it may somehow involve the idea that low-performing teachers are weeded out early in their careers, and only the best teachers become more tenured. This didn't end up being a correct answer choice, but it is one of the thoughts that I had prior to reviewing the answer choices.

Answer choice A is irrelevant. Of course there are probably other motivations, but if financial compensation is one of the motivations then this argument is still as solid as when we started. The argument never claimed that it has to be the only motivation.

Answer choice B is out of scope. The exact structures of the different school districts don't matter. We are discussing the overarching principle, not the details.

Answer choice C strengthens, not weakens, the argument (common opposite trap answer to weaken questions).

Answer choice D also strengthens the argument by showing positive results in school districts that have taken this action, and therefore this is another trap.

Answer choice E nicely weakens the argument, and is the correct answer. It shows something that would occur that would reduce the quality of instruction if teachers were paid based on performance, and therefore weakens the argument that doing this would result in improved instruction.

I hope this helps!


Great!! Thanks for the explanation
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Re: Traditionally, public school instructors  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2017, 20:55
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My answer is E because collaboration relates directly to quality instruction but performance reduces collaboration ===> E is a weaken one

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Re: Traditionally, public school instructors  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 02:34
Hi, I need to understand that why C is incorrect and How, as per veritas, C strengthens?
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Re: Traditionally, public school instructors &nbs [#permalink] 02 Oct 2017, 02:34
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