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Traditionally, public school instructors

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Traditionally, public school instructors  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 07 Oct 2018, 04:32
2
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A
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E

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  15% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (01:53) correct 21% (01:53) wrong based on 335 sessions

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Traditionally, public school instructors have been compensated according to seniority. Recently, educational experts have criticized the system as one that rewards lackadaisical teaching and reduces motivation to excel. Instead, these experts argue that to retain exceptional teachers and maintain quality instruction, teachers should receive salaries or bonuses based on performance rather than seniority.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument of the educational experts?

(A) Some teachers express that financial compensation is not the only factor contributing to job satisfaction and teaching performance.

(B) School districts will develop their own unique compensation structures that may differ greatly from those of other school districts.

(C) Upon leaving the teaching profession, many young, effective teachers cite a lack of opportunity for more rapid financial advancement as a primary factor in the decision to change careers.

(D) In school districts that have implemented pay for performance compensation structures, standardized test scores have dramatically increased.

(E) A merit-based system that bases compensation on teacher performance reduces collaboration, which is an integral component of quality instruction.

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Originally posted by apoorv601 on 02 Jun 2015, 20:57.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 07 Oct 2018, 04:32, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 03 Jun 2015, 13:40
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In weaken critical reasoning questions, it is helpful to predict what a correct answer will look like if possible. This is not always easy in strengthen/weaken critical reasoning questions, but doing so can help you avoid tricky trap answers so you should always try.

Here the educational experts are arguing that, in order to retain exception teachers and therefore maintain quality instruction, teachers should receive compensation based on performance and not seniority. According to them, paying teachers based on seniority encourages lackadaisical teaching and reduces motivation.

My prediction going into these answer choices was pretty vague, but essentially I was looking for a reason why changing this metric would not change, or would even hurt, the instruction. I also thought it may somehow involve the idea that low-performing teachers are weeded out early in their careers, and only the best teachers become more tenured. This didn't end up being a correct answer choice, but it is one of the thoughts that I had prior to reviewing the answer choices.

Answer choice A is irrelevant. Of course there are probably other motivations, but if financial compensation is one of the motivations then this argument is still as solid as when we started. The argument never claimed that it has to be the only motivation.

Answer choice B is out of scope. The exact structures of the different school districts don't matter. We are discussing the overarching principle, not the details.

Answer choice C strengthens, not weakens, the argument (common opposite trap answer to weaken questions).

Answer choice D also strengthens the argument by showing positive results in school districts that have taken this action, and therefore this is another trap.

Answer choice E nicely weakens the argument, and is the correct answer. It shows something that would occur that would reduce the quality of instruction if teachers were paid based on performance, and therefore weakens the argument that doing this would result in improved instruction.

I hope this helps!
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Re: Traditionally, public school instructors  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 22:17
VeritasPrepBrandon wrote:
In weaken critical reasoning questions, it is helpful to predict what a correct answer will look like if possible. This is not always easy in strengthen/weaken critical reasoning questions, but doing so can help you avoid tricky trap answers so you should always try.

Here the educational experts are arguing that, in order to retain exception teachers and therefore maintain quality instruction, teachers should receive compensation based on performance and not seniority. According to them, paying teachers based on seniority encourages lackadaisical teaching and reduces motivation.

My prediction going into these answer choices was pretty vague, but essentially I was looking for a reason why changing this metric would not change, or would even hurt, the instruction. I also thought it may somehow involve the idea that low-performing teachers are weeded out early in their careers, and only the best teachers become more tenured. This didn't end up being a correct answer choice, but it is one of the thoughts that I had prior to reviewing the answer choices.

Answer choice A is irrelevant. Of course there are probably other motivations, but if financial compensation is one of the motivations then this argument is still as solid as when we started. The argument never claimed that it has to be the only motivation.

Answer choice B is out of scope. The exact structures of the different school districts don't matter. We are discussing the overarching principle, not the details.

Answer choice C strengthens, not weakens, the argument (common opposite trap answer to weaken questions).

Answer choice D also strengthens the argument by showing positive results in school districts that have taken this action, and therefore this is another trap.

Answer choice E nicely weakens the argument, and is the correct answer. It shows something that would occur that would reduce the quality of instruction if teachers were paid based on performance, and therefore weakens the argument that doing this would result in improved instruction.

I hope this helps!


Great!! Thanks for the explanation
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New post 19 Sep 2017, 19:55
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My answer is E because collaboration relates directly to quality instruction but performance reduces collaboration ===> E is a weaken one

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 01:34
Hi, I need to understand that why C is incorrect and How, as per veritas, C strengthens?
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Traditionally, public school instructors  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2018, 04:46
Traditionally, public school instructors have been compensated according to seniority. Recently, educational experts have criticized the system as one that rewards lackadaisical teaching and reduces motivation to excel. Instead, these experts argue that to retain exceptional teachers and maintain quality instruction, teachers should receive salaries or bonuses based on performance rather than seniority.

Boil it down - to retain exceptional teachers and maintain quality instruction, teachers should receive salaries or bonuses based on performance rather than seniority.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument of the educational experts?

(A) Some teachers express that financial compensation is not the only factor contributing to job satisfaction and teaching performance. - Irrelevant - the argument never claims that financial compensation is the ONLY factor and we don't know how many are SOME teachers

(B) School districts will develop their own unique compensation structures that may differ greatly from those of other school districts. - Irrelevant

(C) Upon leaving the teaching profession, many young, effective teachers cite a lack of opportunity for more rapid financial advancement as a primary factor in the decision to change careers. - Incorrect - This strengthens as we know that many young, effective teachers feel that remuneration is not enough and even if they excel in teaching, the hikes will be based on seniority.

(D) In school districts that have implemented pay for performance compensation structures, standardized test scores have dramatically increased. - Incorrect - this strengthens as it shows that level of teaching might have improved

(E) A merit-based system that bases compensation on teacher performance reduces collaboration, which is an integral component of quality instruction. - Correct - So, it will be counterproductive and teachers won't collaborate

sananoor wrote:
Hi, I need to understand that why C is incorrect and How, as per veritas, C strengthens?


Hi sananoor,
As per C, many young, effective teachers feel that remuneration is not enough and even if they excel in teaching, the hikes will be based on seniority.

Hope this helps!! :)
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Traditionally, public school instructors   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2018, 04:46
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