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Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing

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Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Oct 2018, 00:30
2
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:35) correct 43% (01:41) wrong based on 381 sessions

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Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing for children has taken on a flashy new look that emphasizes illustrations and graphic design; the resulting lack of substance leads to books that are short-lived items covering mainly trendy subjects. The changes also include more humorous content, simplification of difficult material, and a narrower focus on specific topics.

Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the information above?


A. The inclusion of humorous material and a narrower focus detract from the substance of a children’s book.

B. The substance of a children’s book is important to its longevity.

C. Children of the computer generation cannot concentrate on long, unbroken sections of prose.

D. Children judge books primarily on the basis of graphic design.

E. The lack of substance of a children’s book is unlikely to be important to its popularity.


COC => Flashy => lack of substance => Book life drops => Trendy books.

Can anyone explain how we derive OA from above implications .
Thanks
Source: 300 CR

Originally posted by TGC on 25 Jan 2013, 13:00.
Last edited by Bunuel on 22 Oct 2018, 00:30, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2013, 22:33
targetgmatchotu wrote:
9. Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing for children has taken on a flashy new look that emphasizes illustrations and graphic design; the resulting lack of substance leads to books that are short-lived items covering mainly trendy subjects. The changes also include more humorous content, simplification of difficult material, and a narrower focus on specific topics.
Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the information above?
A. The inclusion of humorous material and a narrower focus detract from the substance of a children’s book.
B. The substance of a children’s book is important to its longevity.
C. Children of the computer generation cannot concentrate on long, unbroken sections of prose.
D. Children judge books primarily on the basis of graphic design.
E. The lack of substance of a children’s book is unlikely to be important to its popularity.

COC => Flashy => lack of substance => Book life drops => Trendy books.

Can anyone explain how we derive OA from above implications .
Thanks
Source: 300 CR


The resulting lack of substance leads to books that are shot lived items.
It means that the lack of substance leads to short life span, hence it means that if there were no lack of substance then there might not have been a short life span. Hence substance becomes a crucial factor.
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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2013, 00:03
Hi,

In these type of questions generally the answer follows from the part of the chain or choices that restate evidence.
If you see the options, you will realize that only B follows from the chain and you have already properly identified the chain.

B says "if the book is lacking in substance, the book life will drop" and this comes from

Lack of substance => Book Life drops

PS : Initially i also got it wrong, clicked later :wink:

Hope it helps !!
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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2013, 10:28
Hi, can someone please explain me why E is wrong? I was undecided between B and E..
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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2013, 11:19
3
IanSolo wrote:
Hi, can someone please explain me why E is wrong? I was undecided between B and E..


Hi IanSolo,

The questions asks for the answer choice which is most strongly supported by the argument. The correct answer choice "Must Be True" based on the stimulus.

The stimulus discusses about the changes that are happening in publishing books for children. It also says that the books are humorous and trendy and are short lived. However, it never talks about the popularity of the books. It is possible that even after such changes the books are not that popular among children.

(E) The lack of substance of a children’s book is unlikely to be important to its popularity.


The stimulus talks about longevity of a book and not popularity, though both the words may sound similar. The choice is deceptively worded; the use of word "popularity" makes it incorrect. Furthermore, the double negatives "lack" and "unlikely" makes it difficult to interpret the meaning.

If we change (E) as under:

(E) The lack of substance of a children’s book is unlikely to be important to its longevity.

With this change (E) choice would become correct. Now it becomes more or less similar to the correct choice (B).

Hope that helps,

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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2013, 11:33
1
targetgmatchotu wrote:
9. Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing for children has taken on a flashy new look that emphasizes illustrations and graphic design; the resulting lack of substance leads to books that are short-lived items covering mainly trendy subjects. The changes also include more humorous content, simplification of difficult material, and a narrower focus on specific topics.
Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the information above?
A. The inclusion of humorous material and a narrower focus detract from the substance of a children’s book.
B. The substance of a children’s book is important to its longevity.
C. Children of the computer generation cannot concentrate on long, unbroken sections of prose.
D. Children judge books primarily on the basis of graphic design.
E. The lack of substance of a children’s book is unlikely to be important to its popularity.

COC => Flashy => lack of substance => Book life drops => Trendy books.

Can anyone explain how we derive OA from above implications .
Thanks
Source: 300 CR

Hi addressing to the doubt why E is incorrect.
Focus on the crux of the argument.
Due to computer aided designing and orientation , the publishing of books have changed. The publishers are now focusing on the trendy aspect of the books thereby comprising with its content. The arguments comes to a point that because of the lack of content these books are short lived in the market. That is people like a book with substance and not the trendy aspect of it.

Hence the answer is B.

E. The lack of substance of a children’s book is unlikely to be important to its popularity.
Meaning : Lack of substance is not the aspect for the longevity of the books or you can say that absence of substance is not the aspect to be considered for the rejection of the books by its customers.

Hence I think Option e can be out-rightly eliminated.

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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2017, 03:12
Always go with process elimination in inference question until you end up with 2 possibilities. 8-)

TGC wrote:
9. Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing for children has taken on a flashy new look that emphasizes illustrations and graphic design; the resulting lack of substance leads to books that are short-lived items covering mainly trendy subjects. The changes also include more humorous content, simplification of difficult material, and a narrower focus on specific topics.

Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the information above?

A. The inclusion of humorous material and a narrower focus detract from the substance of a children’s book. - Can't be inferred.It says that "illustrations and graphic design" are more emphasized and probably more added, but doesn't say that it decreases or replaces substance of a children’s book. Content can be added without decreasing other content. Moreover there were 3 factors "more humorous content, simplification of difficult material, and a narrower focus on specific topics" not two. Many reasosn to eliminate this answer.

B. The substance of a children’s book is important to its longevity. - Only one left. Paraphrase of sentence in argument.

C. Children of the computer generation cannot concentrate on long, unbroken sections of prose. - Nothing relevant to argument except word "children"

D. Children judge books primarily on the basis of graphic design. - Can't be inferred. "flashy new look that emphasizes illustrations and graphic design" Moreover nothing said about importance of graphic design over illustrations. It says emphasizes (highlights) not primary. Nothing about judgement.

E. The lack of substance of a children’s book is unlikely to be important to its popularity. - Out of scope. Nothing mentioned about popularity


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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 00:12
Think the key to unlocking one of the answers is this sentence from the passage:-

'the resulting lack of substance leads to books that are short-lived items covering mainly trendy subjects'.

On this basis of this only B fits. The rest of the choices introduce new information that isn't supported by the passage.
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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 05:11
Answer B

Moreover, B gives a necessary condition : substance of book is necessary for longevity. Had it stated as sufficient condition (substance leads to longevity), it would have got out straightaway.
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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2017, 11:45
1
Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing for children has taken on a flashy new look that emphasizes illustrations and graphic design; the resulting lack of substance leads to books that are short-lived items covering mainly trendy subjects. The changes also include more humorous content, simplification of difficult material, and a narrower focus on specific topics.

Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the information above?

A. The inclusion of humorous material and a narrower focus detract from the substance of a children’s book. -Can't say
B. The substance of a children’s book is important to its longevity. -Correct
C. Children of the computer generation cannot concentrate on long, unbroken sections of prose. -Can't say
D. Children judge books primarily on the basis of graphic design. -Can't say
E. The lack of substance of a children’s book is unlikely to be important to its popularity. -popularity is not talked about
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Re: Under the influence of today’s computer-oriented culture, publishing &nbs [#permalink] 28 Dec 2017, 11:45
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