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# Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty

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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
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arps wrote:
Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty on the part of people to adopt to other modern technologies.

A)Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty on the part of people to adopt to other modern technologies.
C) Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, other modern technologies bring out a difficulty for many people to adopt to them.
D) Many people, though comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers, have difficulty adopting to other modern technologies.
E) Many people have a difficulty adopting to other modern technologies, while they are comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers.

Why is C wrong? How can we use perfect tense here, 'have' as no two events are occurring.

First of all it should be Adapting and not adopting .There seems to be error in the original post
moreover to show contrast although/though/but are preferred over 'while' since while can also mean (something is going on While something else happened)
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
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arps wrote:
Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty on the part of people to adopt to other modern technologies.

A)Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty on the part of people to adopt to other modern technologies.
C) Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, other modern technologies bring out a difficulty for many people to adopt to them.
D) Many people, though comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers, have difficulty adopting to other modern technologies.
E) Many people have a difficulty adopting to other modern technologies, while they are comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers.

Why is C wrong? How can we use perfect tense here, 'have' as no two events are occurring.

+1 for D.

For choice C, pronoun ambiguity "them" can refer back to "people" or "modern technologies"
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
arps wrote:
Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty on the part of people to adopt to other modern technologies.

A)Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty on the part of people to adopt to other modern technologies.
C) Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, other modern technologies bring out a difficulty for many people to adopt to them.
D) Many people, though comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers, have difficulty adopting to other modern technologies.
E) Many people have a difficulty adopting to other modern technologies, while they are comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers.

Why is C wrong? How can we use perfect tense here, 'have' as no two events are occurring.

Choice C illogically compares people to cellular phones and personal computer...

Explanation: the choice C....Unlike Cellular phone and personal computer, blah blah.... difficulty for many people to adopt to them.
How can cellular phone and personal computers adopt ANYTHING that people could adapt to...?? Doesn't make sense!
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
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arps wrote:
Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty on the part of people to adopt to other modern technologies.

A)Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty on the part of people to adopt to other modern technologies.
C) Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, other modern technologies bring out a difficulty for many people to adopt to them.
D) Many people, though comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers, have difficulty adopting to other modern technologies.
E) Many people have a difficulty adopting to other modern technologies, while they are comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers.

Why is C wrong? How can we use perfect tense here, 'have' as no two events are occurring.

Hi

Where is option B?

C has already been explained above so here is my bit on rest of your query.

The rule you're trying to refer here describes past perfect tense and not present perfect tense.

'Many people have difficulty ... ' is not perfect tense at the first place.

Present perfect tense uses past participle form with has/ have.
For example: Many people have applied for the new openings.
or I have done my work.

Past perfect uses 'had' with past participle ( Past perfect tense is used to emphasize the timing of the first out of two sequenced actions in past)

The train had arrived before we reached the station.

Hope it helps!
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
What is wrong with E?
Can someone help to explain it? Thanks!

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
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yenpham9 wrote:
What is wrong with E?
Can someone help to explain it? Thanks!

Posted from my mobile device

You cannot have a difficulty... rather you can only find "something" difficult!
Hope that explains why E is incorrect!
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
Many people have a difficulty adopting to other modern technologies, while they are comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers

Have two mistakes:

A difficulty => Just need DIFFICULTY

While => Difficulty in using other..., but not difficulty in using phones and computers. In this situation, using "Although" can clarify the meaning of the sentence more than "WHILE"
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
atptennis15 wrote:
I want to know, why D is right ? It doesnt have any verb ?

The main verb in option D is "have".

The modifier "though comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers" is an adjectival phrase modifier (adjective : comfortable) for the noun "people", and hence does not require a verb.
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
sayantanc2k wrote:
atptennis15 wrote:
I want to know, why D is right ? It doesnt have any verb ?

The main verb in option D is "have".

The modifier "though comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers" is an adjectival phrase modifier (adjective : comfortable) for the noun "people", and hence does not require a verb.

Thanks for the explanation, but doesnt have come with past participle ?
I am confused as there is no past participle.
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
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atptennis15 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
atptennis15 wrote:
I want to know, why D is right ? It doesnt have any verb ?

The main verb in option D is "have".

The modifier "though comfortable using cellular phones and personal computers" is an adjectival phrase modifier (adjective : comfortable) for the noun "people", and hence does not require a verb.

Thanks for the explanation, but doesnt have come with past participle ?
I am confused as there is no past participle.

The verb "have" can be used all by itself as a main verb in simple present: I have a pen.
The verb "have" can also be used as helping verb in present perfect (not past participle): I have gone there.

In option D the verb "have" is used as simple present: Many people have difficulty.
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
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Clear D

A - Illogical
B - Not clear what "they" refers to
C - Not clear what "them" refers to and devices bring out difficulty is illogical statement
D - CORRECT
E - Logical Error

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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
Hii Experts, I am unable to eliminate choice E on strong grounds?
" a difficulty in adapting does not 'sound right to me" or whether there is another decision point?
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
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rajatkataria14@gmail.com wrote:
Hii Experts, I am unable to eliminate choice E on strong grounds?
" a difficulty in adapting does not 'sound right to me" or whether there is another decision point?

Hey rajatkataria14@gmail.com,

E is wrong because the use of while makes it a wrong sentence.

It is implying People are comfortable with one thing and in parallel they have difficulty in adapting something else. But as per the meaning of the sentence the two things should be in contrast form. Meaning I am saying Although they have a good quality, they do have a bad quality.

"That contrast" is missing in E.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
abhimahna wrote:
rajatkataria14@gmail.com wrote:
Hii Experts, I am unable to eliminate choice E on strong grounds?
" a difficulty in adapting does not 'sound right to me" or whether there is another decision point?

Hey rajatkataria14@gmail.com,

E is wrong because the use of while makes it a wrong sentence.

It is implying People are comfortable with one thing and in parallel they have difficulty in adapting something else. But as per the meaning of the sentence the two things should be in contrast form. Meaning I am saying Although they have a good quality, they do have a bad quality.

"That contrast" is missing in E.

Does that make sense?

Yes perfect and explanation makes complete sense.
Just a small question while can also be used as contrast indicator.Then why contrast can't be represented using option e.( Many people have X, while they have Y. I have heard 3 correct uses of while_
1. Simultaneous actions and can be replaced by during
2. used to express contrast
3. used in comparision (sometimes)
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Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
Dear AnthonyRitz AjiteshArun,

Why are choice C. and E. wrong?

In choice C., the "unlike" comparison is valid.
In choice E., "while" is correctly used here.
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Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
AnthonyRitz wrote:
In C, "bring out a difficulty" is quite unidiomatic and awkward. The modifiers at the end, "for many people to adapt to them," are also problematic; the infinitive ("to adapt") is often used to describe purpose, and this phrase makes it sound almost like these technologies create difficulty with the purpose of forcing people to adapt.

I have one little question.
I thought "to adapt" refers to "many people".

I have seen for (someone) to (do something) in some correct idioms below:
https://www.merriam-webster.com/diction ... mething%29
https://www.merriam-webster.com/diction ... ng%29%20to

Quote:
It is not for you to say that she can't go.
That's not for me to decide.
They were told that in order for them to keep their jobs, they would have to accept a cut in pay.

According to the above, "to do s.th." refers to "for s.one"
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Unlike cellular phones and personal computers, there is a difficulty [#permalink]
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varotkorn wrote:
AnthonyRitz wrote:
In C, "bring out a difficulty" is quite unidiomatic and awkward. The modifiers at the end, "for many people to adapt to them," are also problematic; the infinitive ("to adapt") is often used to describe purpose, and this phrase makes it sound almost like these technologies create difficulty with the purpose of forcing people to adapt.

I have one little question.
I thought "to adapt" refers to "many people".

I have seen for (someone) to (do something) in some correct idioms below:
https://www.merriam-webster.com/diction ... mething%29
https://www.merriam-webster.com/diction ... ng%29%20to

Quote:
It is not for you to say that she can't go.
That's not for me to decide.
They were told that in order for them to keep their jobs, they would have to accept a cut in pay.

According to the above, "to do s.th." refers to "for s.one"

Sure, but none of your examples create the ambiguity that C does. And, in fact, some of those examples actually do describe (and intend to describe) purpose. Just because a structure can be used correctly, that doesn't mean that every possible use of it is logical, clear, and/or correct.
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