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Unlike the original National Museum of Science and

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Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 Jul 2014, 03:01
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Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Originally posted by x2suresh on 06 Feb 2009, 21:07.
Last edited by PiyushK on 05 Jul 2014, 03:01, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2009, 21:54
A

you need "which" for the extra, non essential information that follows
VP
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Re: National Museum [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2010, 11:08
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Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates - 'which' refers to exhibit thereby distorting the meaning of the sentence.
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of - incorrect
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate - touching the exhibit thereby activates...CORRECT
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2011, 03:14
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calvinhobbes wrote:
Why is A wrong?

Hi, two quick rules to remember about the word "which:"
1. "Which" refers to the nearest noun phrase before it (basically the nearest thing).
So, in this case, "which" refers to the closest noun before it: "exhibit." But then the sentence would say that the exhibit "thereby activates the animated functions..." That's not true; the exhibit does not activate the functions, the visitor does.

2. "Which" is a pronoun, so it can only be used to replace a noun; it can not be used to replace a verb.
So, "which" can not replace "to touch" because "to touch" is a verb and can not be referred to by a pronoun. (if maybe you assumed that the act of touching activated the functions).

For both reasons, A can't be the answer.

Hope that helps.
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Re: Got answer BUT confused by OG explanation [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2012, 16:04
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The correct answer hinges on the word 'which.'

On the GMAT - and of course in proper English - it must always have a clear antecedent.

That is there is something preceding 'which' that 'which' clearly refers to.

Let's have a look at (A) exhibit, which thereby activates

Something is off here - according to the "touch rule" the exhibit is activating the functions. However,
we know it is the visitors who are activating the functions.

(D) provides us with the concise language:

The visitors both 'touch' and 'activate' the exhibit.

Hope that helps
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2014, 03:08
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dkverma wrote:
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates

The problem with the original sentence is the inappropriate use of 'which'. This case it modifies exhibit (the noun touching 'which') implying the the exhibit activates the functions of the piece. This is incorrect. The activation is caused by visitors 'touching' the exhibit. the sentence that implies this is the correct one.

A. Incorrect for reason mentioned above.
B. Incorrect parallelism
C. 'it' is an ambiguous pronoun. 'It' can refer to nouns only, so there is no chance it is referring to the 'touching' action.
D. 'and thereby' correctly implies that we are talking about the action that activates the exhibit. CORRECT
E. 'which' modifies exhibit - incorrect meaning
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Unlike the original National Museum of - WHICH antecedent? [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2014, 00:36
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Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to "touch" each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates

The solution is pretty simple i.e D.
But what confused me is the explanation in OG for choice A.
According to me 'which ' refers to exhibit and exhibit cannot activate the .... Hence wrong.
But explanation says that 'which' has no antecedent .Hence wrong.

As far as i know , WHICH modifies the immediate preceding noun. Here its "exhibit".

Please let me know where i am going wrong?
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of - WHICH antecedent? [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2014, 07:24
Yes true, the relative pronoun’ which’ is wrongly placed after ‘exhibit, because exhibit cannot activate; It is the act of touching that activates. So we don’t know what that word which is trying to refer to; Hence it simply dangling. The OG says that there is no antecedent for ‘which
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of - WHICH antecedent? [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2014, 01:27
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rajgurinder wrote:
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to "touch" each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates

The solution is pretty simple i.e D.
But what confused me is the explanation in OG for choice A.
According to me 'which ' refers to exhibit and exhibit cannot activate the .... Hence wrong.
But explanation says that 'which' has no antecedent .Hence wrong.

As far as i know , WHICH modifies the immediate preceding noun. Here its "exhibit".

Please let me know where i am going wrong?

Hi there,

What the explanation seems to mean is that there's no logical antecedent for "which". As you've pointed out, "exhibit" can't be the antecedent of "which" in any logical sense. According to the intended meaning of the sentence, it's clearly the action "to touch" that is responsible for activating the functions. Since there's no noun in the sentence that "which" can logically refer to, we can conclude that this pronoun shouldn't actually be in the underlined portion. So, in this sense, there's no antecedent for "which" in the sentence. It seems to refer to the preceding noun, but logically, it can't.

I hope this helps to clarify your doubt.

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 07:28
When the sentence says encourages visitors to "touch". Isn't it logical to say that the touch activates the functions whereas in D when the sentence says "and thereby activate" it means users activate the animated function. Doesn't using a plural verb activate distorts the meaning to a small extent?

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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 08:25
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farhanc85 wrote:
When the sentence says encourages visitors to "touch". Isn't it logical to say that the touch activates the functions whereas in D when the sentence says "and thereby activate" it means users activate the animated function. Doesn't using a plural verb activate distorts the meaning to a small extent?

There is no plural verb used here. D uses the following parallel structure:

to “touch” each exhibit and thereby (to) activate...

Since we have an infinitive here (to activate), we cannot use to activates.
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2014, 02:01
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates

in option A) which is referring to exhibit because there is no other noun preceding it.which should refer to "touch".
I understand that "to touch" is an infinitive,an action and not a noun.
I want to know that if we use infinitives as subject can we refer to them with "which" or "it"(pronouns)
eg. 1)To err is human. can we now use any pronoun to refer to "to err".
2)to swim is good for health.

Also want to know that if infinitives can be verbs or nouns or play some other role.
eg In the official question "to touch" refers to an action. so can i call it a verb ?
In the 2nd sentence "To err" is the subject. can i call it a noun ??

i think that both the questions are interrelated.

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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2014, 10:53
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SidKaria wrote:
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates

in option A) which is referring to exhibit because there is no other noun preceding it.which should refer to "touch".
I understand that "to touch" is an infinitive,an action and not a noun.
I want to know that if we use infinitives as subject can we refer to them with "which" or "it"(pronouns)
eg. 1)To err is human. can we now use any pronoun to refer to "to err".
2)to swim is good for health.

Also want to know that if infinitives can be verbs or nouns or play some other role.
eg In the official question "to touch" refers to an action. so can i call it a verb ?
In the 2nd sentence "To err" is the subject. can i call it a noun ??

i think that both the questions are interrelated.

Hi Sid,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

You do ask a very interesting question. Let me try to clarify your doubts without creating any further confusions.

The "to verb" or "the infinitive" (for those who prefer jargon" is an action phrase that grammatically acts as a noun. This is the reason why we can use "to err" or for that matter several other "to verb" phrases as the Subject of a sentence. However, they are not the conventional noun, just like the verb-ing" nouns or "gerunds", as they also present some action. Only their grammatical form is Noun but essentially they are action words. This is the reason why we CANNOT use any pronoun, be it the regular pronouns or the Relative Pronouns. to refer to "to verbs". The regular pronouns and the Relative Pronouns ONLY refer to regular conventional noun entities.

So yes, you can call them nouns but just for the grammar sake. In functionality, they are actually action words. However, we cannot call the "to verbs" regular Verbs because they CANNOT have any tense. They are used in the same form in sentences written in past, perfect, or future tense. Again, grammatically they cannot be called Verbs because they are already classified as nouns. And an entity can only perform one grammatical function.

Now, is this knowledge vital for solving SC questions? IMHO, it's not. This is more of a grammar detail that is good to know but not something that will help solve SC problems correctly.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2014, 08:54
Hi SJ,

Can you please help me understand why is 2nd option wrong? I marked it out thinking its too wordy but I'm not sure of the exact reason because on a second thought it doesn't look that bad either.
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2014, 09:06
sk5002 wrote:
Hi SJ,

Can you please help me understand why is 2nd option wrong? I marked it out thinking its too wordy but I'm not sure of the exact reason because on a second thought it doesn't look that bad either.

Hi sk5002,

Choice B completely fails to communicate the intended meaning. The intended meaning of the sentence is that in the virtual museum, the visitors are allowed to touch the exhibits and their touch activates the animated function of the touched pieces.

But Choice B fails to convey this. That the "activation of the animated functions" happens because of the visitors touching the exhibit is not conveyed in an effective manner. The correct answer Choice D corrects this error as it maintains perfect parallelism by saying that visitors are encouraged "to touch" the exhibit" and thus "(to) activate" the animated functions.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ
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Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2014, 08:31
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates (Which is referring to exhibit but it is not exhibit that is activating, it is the touch)
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of (Activation is a noun construction but we already have verb "activate" construction so according to drive the VAN we will go with Verb construction)
C. exhibit, and it will activate (antecedent of it is not clear also it can not refer to touch)
D. exhibit and thereby activate (Correct one, also touch and activate are parallel)
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates (Again same as A use of which is not correct, also which cannot be used without preceding Comma or preposition)
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2015, 23:01
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates --> "which" modifies the nearest noun i.e "exhibit" ,hence changes the meaning.
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of --> usage of "in turn" distorts the meaning.
C. exhibit, and it will activate --> "it" can refer to "exhibit" but exhibit doesn't turned on itself.
D. exhibit and thereby activate --> correct
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates--> usage of which + comma is almost avoided on GMAT.

Hence D
Ans

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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of - WHICH antecedent? [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2015, 23:46
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Raj you really have posted a good question! the visitors touch something that in return activate a function! "exhibit can not activate something by itself" so we cant use "which" as it refer to "exhibit"

rajgurinder wrote:
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to "touch" each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates

The solution is pretty simple i.e D.
But what confused me is the explanation in OG for choice A.
According to me 'which ' refers to exhibit and exhibit cannot activate the .... Hence wrong.
But explanation says that 'which' has no antecedent .Hence wrong.

As far as i know , WHICH modifies the immediate preceding noun. Here its "exhibit".

Please let me know where i am going wrong?

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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of - WHICH antecedent? [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2015, 01:33
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A. exhibit, which thereby activates - which wrongly modifies exhibit
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of - akward
C. exhibit, and it will activate - reference of it is unclear
D. exhibit and thereby activate - correct as --- an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to "touch" each exhibit and thereby activate....
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates - syntax of which is wrong
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2016, 04:09
Is there any "which\that" rule violation here? Or is which\that irrelevant for this sentence?
Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and   [#permalink] 20 Apr 2016, 04:09

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