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V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29

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V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:25
1
1
In recent years, directors of remedial reading programs have struggled to find a way to provide their students with sustained independent reading practice in texts that challenge students to apply their phonics and word-decoding skills without overwhelming them. In response to this quandary, Roger Wade, the director of a private corporation known as the Reading Readiness Institute, piloted a system of in-class assessment that would, ideally, have allowed teachers to make individual recommendations for the difficulty level of book where each student could read independently with the most success. The six Institute teachers testing the program were required to build two 10-15 assessment periods into each class session, during which they would use company-issued Reading Rating Sheets to evaluate each student’s performance on a specific section of text, which came from a book of pre-determined difficulty. Teachers would then assign students one of three rankings – A, B, or C – based on their comfort with the text on the Rating Sheets. Parents were also required to complete short Homework Surveys, which provided teachers with additional, but similarly-focused, information about student reading at home.

The program was temporarily discontinued after only 6 weeks, however, when all six teachers protested that the addition of assessment periods had forced them to drop other activities that they considered vital from their curricula. Teachers also complained that time spent assessing individual students took attention from general classroom management. The Reading Readiness Institute has taken teacher complaints into account and is currently adjusting its individual assessment program.
1. Which of the following titles best summarizes the contents of the passage?

(a) Remedial Reading Programs: A New Focus on Phonics and Word-Decoding Helps Students
(b) Parents and Teachers Together: A New Perspective on Homework Feedback
(c) Rejected Outright: Reading Readiness Institute Abandons Individual Assessment
(d) Reading Readiness Institute: Corporate Demands Create Trouble for Teachers
(e) Individual Assessment: A Good Idea Encounters its First Obstacles


2. The passage suggests that which of the following is a problem faced by current remedial reading programs?

(a) Teachers are too slow to evaluate the needs of individual students.
(b) In-class time is poorly managed.
(c) Parent involvement is not well coordinated.
(d) Practice texts are often overwhelming to students.
(e) Potentially useful programs are too short-lived to be effective.


3. It can be inferred from the passage that a successful revision of the individual assessment program would result in

(a) a way to make individual recommendations for students without over-burdening teachers
(b) the resumption of the most effective class activities.
(c) a challenge to students of their phonics and word-decoding skills
(d) the omission of at least one in-class assessment period
(e) better cooperation among Institute executives, teachers, and parents of students


4. The author uses the word “ideally” primarily in order to

(a) suggest that the individual assessment program was doomed from the beginning.
(b) introduce the concept of individual recommendations for independent reading.
(c) highlight the good intentions of the assessment program while acknowledging its failure.
(d) forestall argument about the eventual success of the program.
(e) draw attention to the fact that the program was the idea of the Institute’s director.


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V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:25
Spoiler: :: Question V05-26 explanation
To answer this question about possible titles, the intention of the entire passage must be taken into account. The first couple of sentences introduce a problem faced by remedial reading programs, and the following sentences in the paragraph describe the ways the Reading Readiness Institute’s assessment program is designed to solve this problem. The second paragraph discusses problems in the program’s implementation and states that it is being revised. The title of the passage must take all of this information into account.
  1. The passage focuses only on the Reading Readiness Institute’s program.
  2. Homework Feedback is mentioned in the second paragraph, but it is not the subject of the entire passage.
  3. The words rejected outright and abandons are too strong for the sense of the passage. The last sentence states that the program is being revised.
  4. Corporate demands are not mentioned explicitly in the passage.
  5. This title correctly identifies the fact that the focus of the passage is on individual assessment as an approach to helping students. The second part of the title acknowledges the fact that the author seems optimistic about assessment, even while admitting to the problems relayed by teachers.
Spoiler: :: Question V05-27 explanation
This question requires an inference drawn from information stated explicitly in the passage. The problem faced by remedial reading programs is discussed in the first sentence, where it is stated that program directors have struggled...to provide their students with independent reading practice without overwhelming them. It is reasonable to conclude, then, that practice texts in remedial reading programs are often overwhelming to students.
  1. This conclusion is not supported by the passage.
  2. On the contrary, the passage seems to imply that class time is managed well, and that the assessment program has disrupted that.
  3. There is no basis for reaching this conclusion from information in the passage.
  4. This option correctly identifies the problem stated in the first sentence of the passage.
  5. Though the individual assessment program may be classified as short-lived, this is not the problem discussed by the passage.
Spoiler: :: Question V05-28 explanation
Because this is an inference question, the answer is not stated directly in the passage, but must be drawn from the information given. To begin, review the sections of the passage where the teachers’ complaints are discussed; if the program has been temporarily discontinued and is awaiting revision, it is reasonable to assume that any adjustments to the program will seek to eliminate the problems of which the teachers complained. Teachers complained that they had to drop other activities and that assessment took time from general classroom management. A successfully revised plan would not overburden teachers in this way.
  1. This option correctly identifies both the complaints made by teachers and a way to eliminate the need for such complaints.
  2. The passage does not state that the activities that the teachers consider most vital are in fact the most effective class activities.
  3. Remedial reading programs already do this.
  4. This option is too specific to deal with the general problem of teacher complaints.
  5. Cooperation is not mentioned as an issue needing attention in a revised version of the program.
Spoiler: :: Question V05-29 explanation
To find the purpose of this word choice, review the context in which it occurs. It occurs in this line (piloted a system of in-class assessment that would, ideally, have allowed teachers to make individual recommendations for the difficulty level of book where each student could read independently with the most success), in the middle of a sentence linking ideas about a problem found in remedial reading programs with a solution proposed by the director of the Reading Readiness Institute. After finishing the passage, it becomes clear that the program was not ultimately successful; the word ideally, then, serves as a signal that performance did not live up to intention. The overall tone of the passage, however, is positive, indicating that the author likely considers individual assessment a good idea.
  1. Though the assessment program was not ultimately successful, the word doomed is too strong for the general tone of the passage.
  2. The word ideally does not serve to introduce this concept.
  3. The word ideally indicates that author’s sense that the program had a noble goal, even while acknowledging that it was ultimately discontinued.
  4. There is no argument to be prevented. The passage states that the program was temporarily discontinued.
  5. The word ideally does not serve this function in the passage.

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Re: V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2015, 20:36
V05-27 explanation
This question requires an inference drawn from information stated explicitly in the passage.
option E -Though the individual assessment program may be classified as short-lived, this is not the problem discussed by the passage.

Please clarify the doubt-
In my understanding- the individual assessment program is short lived because it faced a problem , and the problem is the protest by teachers due to some reasons.
Isn't my understanding correct ? If so , then option E is the right choice .
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Re: V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2015, 19:14
Option B follows the must be true rule.It can certainly be inferred from the passage.Also Option A assumes that lack of time and overburden are the same .
which might not always be true .Isn't B a better choice ?
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Re: V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2016, 20:50
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. I also think that B is better option. I just don't think that the word "ideally" is used to "acknowledge" its failure.
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Re: V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2016, 17:59
For Question 1:

(d) Reading Readiness Institute: Corporate Demands Create Trouble for Teachers
(e) Individual Assessment: A Good Idea Encounters its First Obstacles

I disagree that the focus of the passage is on the individual assessment technique. From the beginning, the focus is on the Reading Readiness Institute, its implementation, and its failures. It never touches on the individual merits of the technique. The "Corporate Demands" were the reason for the suspension of the program - ex. "private corporation" and "teachers...were required to build..."

For E, the author might seem optimistic, but he/she never commented on the merits of individual assessments.
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Re: V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2016, 08:02
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Burden has not been explicitly mentioned, so wouldn't assuming the program culminating to becoming a burden for the teachers be overreach? Also successful revision of program will result in resumption of classes can be successfully inferred and only option which seems "inferr-able"!
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Re: V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2016, 02:06
mbabubble wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Burden has not been explicitly mentioned, so wouldn't assuming the program culminating to becoming a burden for the teachers be overreach? Also successful revision of program will result in resumption of classes can be successfully inferred and only option which seems "inferr-able"!


The fact that "the addition of assessment periods had forced them to drop other activities" is sufficient to infer that the teachers were over-burdened. However your point that option B can also be inferred is valid. We have changed option B in test question bank.
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Re: V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2018, 05:01
Can anyone please explain the OA for V05-29 ?

Thanks in advance
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Re: V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2018, 06:16
Bunuel wrote:
3. It can be inferred from the passage that a successful revision of the individual assessment program would result in

(a) a way to make individual recommendations for students without over-burdening teachers
(b) the resumption of the most effective class activities.
(c) a challenge to students of their phonics and word-decoding skills
(d) the omission of at least one in-class assessment period
(e) better cooperation among Institute executives, teachers, and parents of students




Nowhere in the passage, it is mentioned that teacher consider assessment program as over-burden. They complain about it because assessment periods had forced them to drop other activities that they considered vital from their curricula. This statement doesn't mean that teachers were over-burden. What can be logically inferred is that students were getting affected and that is why teacher protested. IMO B should be the best possible answer
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Re: V05-26, V05-27, V05-28, V05-29 &nbs [#permalink] 30 Oct 2018, 06:16
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