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When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the

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Re: When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2019, 03:08
Anoushka1995 wrote:
Hi GMAT Ninja,

Can you please explain why in Q2 option D is correct. I am still not able to understand the reasoning behind the same.

Thanks.

Question #2 asks "Which of the following studies would proceed in a way most similar to the way in which, according to the passage, Scharf's book interprets Eleanor Roosevelt's career?"

Before Scharf came around, Eleanor Roosevelt (ER) was treated by historians as "an idiosyncratic figure" who was "hardly... a social type, a figure comprehensible in terms of broader social developments." Basically, Lash and other historians believed she was just an exceptional individual, rather than a part of a broader social movement.

Scharf's interpretation, on the other hand, made ER's career "intelligible in terms of... social context rather than as the idiosyncratic career of a famous man’s wife."

So, the major contribution of Scharf's book was to show that ER was part of a larger social movement.

With this in mind, take a look at (D):
Quote:
(D) A biography of a famous athlete which explained her high level of motivation in terms of the kind of family in which she grew up

This biography explains an athlete's motivation in the context of the family in which she grew up. This is different than showing that the athlete is part of a broader social movement of any kind. Because a family context is different than a broader social context, we cannot say that the biography in (D) proceeds in the most similar way to Scharf's book. (D) is out.

Compare that with (C):
Quote:
(C) An account of the legislative career of a conservative senator which showed his goals to have been derived from a national conservative movement of which the senator was a part

Here, we can see that the senator's goals arose from a "national conservative movement." This clearly places the senator in the context of a larger social movement, mirroring the interpretation of ER's career in Scharf's book. (C) is the correct answer.

I hope that helps!
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New post 09 Jul 2019, 14:57
GMATNinja wrote:
shubham2312 wrote:
someone kindly provide OE/explanation of this question

3.The author cites which of the following as evidence against the public view of Eleanor Roosevelt held in the 1970’s?

AdityaHongunti wrote:
please explain Q3 ...i still think it is A

The question itself has a couple twists and turns, so let's straighten it out fully:

  • The public held a certain view of ER in the 1970s.
  • The author makes a case against that view.
  • In doing so, the author cites a piece of evidence. What was that evidence?

To really stay on track, let's be clear about each part:

  • The public held a certain view of ER in the 1970s. As dave13 has pointed out, ER "held a place in the public imagination largely because she was the wife of a particularly influential President. Her own activities were seen as preparing the way for her husband’s election or as a complement to his programs." If we were only to read the texts of the 1970s, we would learn about "the idiosyncratic career of a famous man’s wife."
  • The author makes a case against that view. Right up front, the author states that ER "had been important in social reform circles before her husband was elected President and that she continued to advocate different causes than he did." Then, in the second paragraph, the author cites the work of Scharf to continue presenting this alternative view: That ER represented a generation of privileged women "who made the transition from old patterns of female association to new ones." The author suggests that this context of generational change helps us understand ER more than the previous public view.
  • In doing so, the author cites a piece of evidence. What was that evidence? There's plenty of evidence in the passage to support the author's case, and only 5 answer choices. So let's go ahead and work through the answer choices.

We're going to eliminate anything that was not used by the author to go against the 1970's public view of Eleanor Roosevelt. We'll probably have to eliminate choices that sound right, because we need to check many more boxes than "Is this true, according to the passage?"

Quote:
(A) She had been born into a wealthy family.

This is true, but does the author cite this fact in order to make a case against the 1970's view?

Not really. ER's wealth, on its own, plays a minor part in both the 1970s view and the author's view. The fact that ER was wealthy doesn't explain the context of change, contradiction, and political awakening that ER's generation lived through. That's why we eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) Her political career predated the adoption of women’s suffrage.

The author never brings this up to go against the 1970's public view of ER. In fact, the only time the author mentions suffrage is to tell us that Scharf studied ER in the years after (not before) women in the U.S. achieved suffrage. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) She continued her career in politics even after her husband’s death.

As with (B), the author doesn't discuss ER's career in the time period after her husband's death. Eliminate (C) as well.

Quote:
(D) She was one of a few female historical figures who were well known to historians by the 1970’s.

This is true, but what does it have to do with the author's case? As with (A), this is more of a basic fact that could be incorporated into any view of ER. It's not evidence that the author uses to make a case against the 1970's public view of ER. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) Her activism predated her husband’s presidency and her projects differed from his.

Aha! This is the first choice that actually cites a fact about ER in order to go against the 1970s view.

The 1970s view understood these activities as "preparing the way for her husband's election or as a complement to his programs." But choice (E) shows that ER was not simply the idiosyncratic wife of a famous man. She participated in the integration of women into mainstream politics, and had priorities that were separate from her husband's. This was part of the social change that she and her generation experienced.

(E) is the only choice that does what the question asked, so we'll stick with it.

I hope this helps!



Even I marked E along with 75% others, I think, the guy who has posted this should fix the OA, two OAs are wrong
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New post 09 Sep 2019, 21:03
Please can someone correct the OA for this passage. It is so confusing to see different answers in comments and in the OA.
And demoralizing as well.
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New post 12 Sep 2019, 21:28
OA FOR BOTH Q 2 and q 3 are incorrect
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New post 22 Sep 2019, 00:20
In que 3 , OA is E but green light is coming in option C bb
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New post 22 Sep 2019, 00:28
Can someone help me to understand que - 6
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New post 22 Sep 2019, 00:43
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Re: When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2019, 00:43

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