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When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the

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Re: When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2018, 11:33
GMATNinja wrote:
shubham2312 wrote:
someone kindly provide OE/explanation of this question

3.The author cites which of the following as evidence against the public view of Eleanor Roosevelt held in the 1970’s?

AdityaHongunti wrote:
please explain Q3 ...i still think it is A

The question itself has a couple twists and turns, so let's straighten it out fully:

  • The public held a certain view of ER in the 1970s.
  • The author makes a case against that view.
  • In doing so, the author cites a piece of evidence. What was that evidence?

To really stay on track, let's be clear about each part:

  • The public held a certain view of ER in the 1970s. As dave13 has pointed out, ER "held a place in the public imagination largely because she was the wife of a particularly influential President. Her own activities were seen as preparing the way for her husband’s election or as a complement to his programs." If we were only to read the texts of the 1970s, we would learn about "the idiosyncratic career of a famous man’s wife."
  • The author makes a case against that view. Right up front, the author states that ER "had been important in social reform circles before her husband was elected President and that she continued to advocate different causes than he did." Then, in the second paragraph, the author cites the work of Scharf to continue presenting this alternative view: That ER represented a generation of privileged women "who made the transition from old patterns of female association to new ones." The author suggests that this context of generational change helps us understand ER more than the previous public view.
  • In doing so, the author cites a piece of evidence. What was that evidence? There's plenty of evidence in the passage to support the author's case, and only 5 answer choices. So let's go ahead and work through the answer choices.

We're going to eliminate anything that was not used by the author to go against the 1970's public view of Eleanor Roosevelt. We'll probably have to eliminate choices that sound right, because we need to check many more boxes than "Is this true, according to the passage?"

Quote:
(A) She had been born into a wealthy family.

This is true, but does the author cite this fact in order to make a case against the 1970's view?

Not really. ER's wealth, on its own, plays a minor part in both the 1970s view and the author's view. The fact that ER was wealthy doesn't explain the context of change, contradiction, and political awakening that ER's generation lived through. That's why we eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) Her political career predated the adoption of women’s suffrage.

The author never brings this up to go against the 1970's public view of ER. In fact, the only time the author mentions suffrage is to tell us that Scharf studied ER in the years after (not before) women in the U.S. achieved suffrage. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) She continued her career in politics even after her husband’s death.

As with (B), the author doesn't discuss ER's career in the time period after her husband's death. Eliminate (C) as well.

Quote:
(D) She was one of a few female historical figures who were well known to historians by the 1970’s.

This is true, but what does it have to do with the author's case? As with (A), this is more of a basic fact that could be incorporated into any view of ER. It's not evidence that the author uses to make a case against the 1970's public view of ER. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) Her activism predated her husband’s presidency and her projects differed from his.

Aha! This is the first choice that actually cites a fact about ER in order to go against the 1970s view.

The 1970s view understood these activities as "preparing the way for her husband's election or as a complement to his programs." But choice (E) shows that ER was not simply the idiosyncratic wife of a famous man. She participated in the integration of women into mainstream politics, and had priorities that were separate from her husband's. This was part of the social change that she and her generation experienced.

(E) is the only choice that does what the question asked, so we'll stick with it.

I hope this helps!


Hi Bunuel,

I guess the OA needs to be corrected for Q3. All the experts have agreed its "E".

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Re: When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2019, 21:10
1
HI workout, u1983, GMATNinja, SajjadAhmad

OA to the second question is C it is wrongly submitted as D here Screenshot attached :-)
Attachment:
File comment: Correct OA
RC GMATPrep EP2.jpg
RC GMATPrep EP2.jpg [ 256.35 KiB | Viewed 163 times ]


Below are the new questions to be added into the passage :-)

1)The author mentions which of the following as one of the “contradictions” (see highlighted text) evident in the lives of the women discussed in the third paragraph?

1)They pursued political aims for personal motives.
2)They were idiosyncratic individuals who can nevertheless be seen as social types.
3)They came from wealthy families but sought to remedy the problems of the poor.
4)They demanded equal treatment for women but justified the privileges of wealth.
5)They maintained female social networks but promoted women's participation in mainstream politics.

OA:

Attachment:
File comment: New Question
New Question.jpg
New Question.jpg [ 270.55 KiB | Viewed 164 times ]


Please highlight the text in the passage

2)The author credits which of the following for making possible the current understanding of Eleanor Roosevelt's career?

1)The work of historians in the 1970s
2)Accounts written by feminists in the 1920s
3)Recent studies of feminists of her generation
4)Official records of her husband's presidency
5)The discovery of the writings of her associates

OA:

Attachment:
File comment: New Question 2
New Question 2.jpg
New Question 2.jpg [ 228.12 KiB | Viewed 164 times ]

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Re: When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2019, 05:35
Edit:

  • Aligned the Text
  • Edited OA of question 2
  • Added question 5 and 6
  • Edited the direction of timers and OA spolier
  • Highlighted the text

NandishSS wrote:
HI workout, u1983, GMATNinja, SajjadAhmad

OA to the second question is C it is wrongly submitted as D here Screenshot attached :-)
Attachment:
RC GMATPrep EP2.jpg


Below are the new questions to be added into the passage :-)

1)The author mentions which of the following as one of the “contradictions” (see highlighted text) evident in the lives of the women discussed in the third paragraph?

1)They pursued political aims for personal motives.
2)They were idiosyncratic individuals who can nevertheless be seen as social types.
3)They came from wealthy families but sought to remedy the problems of the poor.
4)They demanded equal treatment for women but justified the privileges of wealth.
5)They maintained female social networks but promoted women's participation in mainstream politics.

OA:

Attachment:
New Question.jpg


Please highlight the text in the passage

2)The author credits which of the following for making possible the current understanding of Eleanor Roosevelt's career?

1)The work of historians in the 1970s
2)Accounts written by feminists in the 1920s
3)Recent studies of feminists of her generation
4)Official records of her husband's presidency
5)The discovery of the writings of her associates

OA:

Attachment:
New Question 2.jpg

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Re: When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2019, 19:55
HI GMATNinja, mikemcgarry, DmitryFarber, MagooshExpert (Carolyn), ccooley, GMATGuruNY, AjiteshArun EMPOWERgmatVerbal, EducationAisle

Can you help me with the below question. Eliminated Option A, & D

2)The author credits which of the following for making possible the current understanding of Eleanor Roosevelt's career?

A)The work of historians in the 1970s
B)Accounts written by feminists in the 1920s
C)Recent studies of feminists of her generation
D)Official records of her husband's presidency
E)The discovery of the writings of her associates
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Re: When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2019, 16:18
NandishSS wrote:
HI GMATNinja, mikemcgarry, DmitryFarber, MagooshExpert (Carolyn), ccooley, GMATGuruNY, AjiteshArun EMPOWERgmatVerbal, EducationAisle

Can you help me with the below question. Eliminated Option A, & D

2)The author credits which of the following for making possible the current understanding of Eleanor Roosevelt's career?

A)The work of historians in the 1970s
B)Accounts written by feminists in the 1920s
C)Recent studies of feminists of her generation
D)Official records of her husband's presidency
E)The discovery of the writings of her associates

Hi NandishSS,

Glad to help! :) Here's the relevant part of the passage:

Quote:
But more recent work on the feminism of the post-suffrage years (following 1920) allows us to see Roosevelt in a different light and to bring her life into a more richly detailed context. Lois Scharf’s Eleanor Roosevelt, written in 1987, depicts a generation of privileged women, born in the late nineteenth century and maturing in the twentieth, who made the transition from old patterns of female association to new ones.

Quote:
Thanks to Scharf and others, Roosevelt’s activities—for example, her support both for labor laws protecting women and for appointments of women to high public office—have become intelligible in terms of this social context rather than as the idiosyncratic career of a famous man’s wife.


This part of the passage tells us that feminist writers, like Scharf, helped develop the current understanding of Eleanor Roosevelt's career. This points us to B) and C). B is tempting, but note that Scharf's book, which was specifically used as an example of one of the accounts that helped further the understanding of Roosevelt's career, was written in 1987, not the 1920s. So C is a better choice, since Scharf's book would be considered a "recent study of feminism". Don't be thrown off by the fact that 1920 is mentioned in the text! :)

Choice E mentions "her associates", which implies "people who worked with her". However, we don't have any reason to believe that Scharf ever worked with Eleanor Roosevelt, and so she wouldn't be considered an "associate". Also, Sharf's book wasn't "discovered", it was published in 1987. So E doesn't quite fit -- we can eliminate E.

I hope that helps! :)
-Carolyn
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Re: When the history of women began to receive focused attention in the   [#permalink] 06 Apr 2019, 16:18

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