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With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimba

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With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimba  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Nov 2018, 02:42
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68% (01:44) correct 32% (01:29) wrong based on 137 sessions

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With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well


A. With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well

B. Zimbabwe, with a robust economy and well educate and well to do citizens, once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well

C. With a robust economy having well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, however over the last one and a half decades things got harder for it as urban areas ceasing to create jobs, with even rural areas feeling the pressure

D. Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, with a robust economy and well educate and well to do citizens, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well

E. With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well



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Originally posted by fameatop on 04 Sep 2013, 22:38.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Nov 2018, 02:42, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimba  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2013, 10:50
fameatop wrote:
Enjoy this hand picked challenging question :-D

With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well

A. With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well

Incorrect tense, we are describing the current state of Zim. in continuation over the past few decades.

B. Zimbabwe, with a robust economy and well educate and well to do citizens, once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well

Pronoun "it" refers to Zim. but the noun is too far. The modifier should be placed in front and Zim. should be as close to the pronoun "it" as in E.

C. With a robust economy having well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, however over the last one and a half decades things got harder for it as urban areas ceasing to create jobs, with even rural areas feeling the pressure

Tense Issue

D. Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, with a robust economy and well educate and well to do citizens, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well

Incorrect placement of Modifier & Tense

E. With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well

IMO


Pls. let me know if my line of reasoning is correct.
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Re: With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimba  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2013, 20:51
fameatop wrote:
Enjoy this hand picked challenging question :-D

With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well
A. With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well
B. Zimbabwe, with a robust economy and well educate and well to do citizens, once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well
C. With a robust economy having well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, however over the last one and a half decades things got harder for it as urban areas ceasing to create jobs, with even rural areas feeling the pressure
D. Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, with a robust economy and well educate and well to do citizens, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well
E. With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well



The Modifier "With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens" should modify Zimbabwe and be as close to it as possible.
D can be ruled out on that basis

A looks good so we keep for time being
B: Verb missing for Zimbabwe so can be ruled out
C. having modifies preceding noun Economy which doesn't make sense as Economy is not well educated but the people.

E. Use of Have Ceased and Have felt is correct as it means the the situation still exists which is correct usage since the sentence conveys that for last one and half decade situation has got harder and hence continues to be the same.

Ans Should be E.

Again, What is the source and OA ???

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Re: With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimba  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2013, 00:15
I feel it is A... Could somebody explain in detail why is A wrong?
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Re: With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimba  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2013, 00:34
1
gmatter0913 wrote:
I feel it is A... Could somebody explain in detail why is A wrong?


In the sentence, the author uses "....over the last one and half decades..". What it implies is the period. The duration has been taking from the time when the author wrote this sentence to fifteen years ago. Since we are also talking about the current duration, so it is bit obvious to use "have" in order to show that the effect is still present.

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Re: With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimba  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2013, 00:40
gmatter0913 wrote:
I feel it is A... Could somebody explain in detail why is A wrong?


Hi gmatter0913,

Let me add my 2 cents.

With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well


Lets first follow the intended meaning of the long sentence,

1. With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens,===> this talks about zimbabwe
2. Zimbabwe was once a success story in S.A, but situation has changed since the past 1.5 decades as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well.

A. With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well

"ceased" is not a modifier. It is a verb, so usage of have is required. Same with "felt"


B. Zimbabwe, with a robust economy and well educate and well to do citizens, once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well

Zimbabwe........ South Africa, verb missing.
Also, it states that "citizens" were once the success story of S.A

C. With a robust economy having well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, however over the last one and a half decades things got harder for it as urban areas ceasing to create jobs, with even rural areas feeling the pressure

"ceasing" is again modifying areas. Which is incorrect. Also, "got harder" states past-tense, we can use present tense "ceasing".

D. Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, with a robust economy and well educate and well to do citizens, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well

Incorrect modifier placement. This states that S.A was with a robust economy and well educate and.......


E. With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well

Modifier placement is correct, verb "have got harder" and "have felt" are parallel.. CORRECT..

Nice question..!!! Thanks fameatop :)

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QOTD #29 With a robust economy and well educated and well to do  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Dec 2017, 11:05
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carcass wrote:


With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well.

(A) With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well.
(B) Zimbabwe, with a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well.
(C) With a robust economy having well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, however over the last one and a half decades things got harder for it as a result of urban areas ceasing to create jobs, with even rural areas feeling the pressure.
(D) Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, with a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well.
(E) With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well.


a) things have got harder as areas ceased to create and other areas felt the pressure: incorrect parallelism.
b) Z, once the story of SA, "but": fragment.
c) With a robust economy "having" well educated citizens: the economy had and doesnt have anymore well educated citizens? nope.
d) ... SA, with a robust economy: i think its a misplaced modifier.
e) things "have" got harder as areas "have" ceased to create and rural areas "have" felt the pressure: correct parallelism.

(E) is the answer.

Originally posted by exc4libur on 18 Dec 2017, 05:11.
Last edited by exc4libur on 18 Dec 2017, 11:05, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: QOTD #29 With a robust economy and well educated and well to do  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2017, 05:43
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carcass wrote:


With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well.

(A) With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well.
(B) Zimbabwe, with a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well.
(C) With a robust economy having well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, however over the last one and a half decades things got harder for it as a result of urban areas ceasing to create jobs, with even rural areas feeling the pressure.
(D) Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, with a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well.
(E) With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well.


(A) With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well.
PARALLELISM PROBLEM in Last sentence. The tense is past perfect and the following justification in simple past

(B) Zimbabwe, with a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceased to create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well.
Name of the country doesn't relate with the following sentence should have been Zimbabwe, once, is/was/has etc

(C) With a robust economy having well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, however over the last one and a half decades things got harder for it as a result of urban areas ceasing to create jobs, with even rural areas feeling the pressure.
Economy doesn't have citizens, country has citizens

(D) Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, with a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas ceased to create jobs and rural areas felt the pressure as well.
It seems that south africa has robust economy whereas the primary sentence wants to use the robust economy for zimbabwe. So modifier problem


(E) With a robust economy and well educated and well to do citizens, Zimbabwe was once the success story of Southern Africa, but over the last one and a half decades things have got harder for it as urban areas have ceasedto create jobs and rural areas have felt the pressure as well.

Option E follows parallelism and correct modifier hence correct answer
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Re: QOTD #29 With a robust economy and well educated and well to do &nbs [#permalink] 18 Dec 2017, 05:43
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