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With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys

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With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2015, 23:04
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With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate physical peril, individual human beings often ignore or underestimate the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, yet are no less menacing.

A. individual human beings often ignore or underestimate the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, yet are no less menacing

B. individual human beings are prone to ignore, or else to underestimate, the gravity of more nebulous yet no less menacing threats, such as climate change

C. individual human beings, often ignoring or underestimating the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing

D. the gravity of threats, such as climate change, that are more nebulous yet no less menacing are often ignored, or else underestimated, by individual human beings

E. the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing, yet are often ignored or underestimated by individual human beings
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 24 Sep 2017, 01:09, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2015, 02:00
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A. individual human beings often ignore or underestimate the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, yet are no less menacing --- yet are no less menacing refers to individual human beings; not to the gravity of the nebulous threats; also it may be noted that if gravity was underestimated, the verb for the same should be in singular ‘is’ and not in plural ‘are’

B. individual human beings are prone to ignore, or else to underestimate, the gravity of more nebulous yet no less menacing threats, such as climate change -- seems to be the correct choice, except for the inclusion of the word 'else'. But that is not an unacceptable

C. individual human beings, often ignoring or underestimating the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing -- change in meaning; it is the threats that are no less menacing and not individuals
D. the gravity of threats, such as climate change, that are more nebulous yet no less menacing are often ignored, or else underestimated, by individual human beings --- The gravity of threats has no brains; misplaced modification
E. the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing, yet are often ignored or underestimated by individual human beings ---same as in D.

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Re: With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2015, 06:44
daagh wrote:
A. individual human beings often ignore or underestimate the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, yet are no less menacing --- yet are no less menacing refers to individual human beings; not to the gravity of the nebulous threats; also it may be noted that if gravity was underestimated, the verb for the same should be in singular ‘is’ and not in plural ‘are’

B. individual human beings are prone to ignore, or else to underestimate, the gravity of more nebulous yet no less menacing threats, such as climate change -- seems to be the correct choice, except for the inclusion of the word 'else'. But that is not an unacceptable

C. individual human beings, often ignoring or underestimating the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing -- change in meaning; it is the threats that are no less menacing and not individuals
D. the gravity of threats, such as climate change, that are more nebulous yet no less menacing are often ignored, or else underestimated, by individual human beings --- The gravity of threats has no brains; misplaced modification
E. the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing, yet are often ignored or underestimated by individual human beings ---same as in D.


or other way to underestimate - i think else would be an equivalent
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Re: With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2016, 11:51
daagh wrote:
A. individual human beings often ignore or underestimate the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, yet are no less menacing --- yet are no less menacing refers to individual human beings; not to the gravity of the nebulous threats; also it may be noted that if gravity was underestimated, the verb for the same should be in singular ‘is’ and not in plural ‘are’

B. individual human beings are prone to ignore, or else to underestimate, the gravity of more nebulous yet no less menacing threats, such as climate change -- seems to be the correct choice, except for the inclusion of the word 'else'. But that is not an unacceptable

C. individual human beings, often ignoring or underestimating the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing -- change in meaning; it is the threats that are no less menacing and not individuals
D. the gravity of threats, such as climate change, that are more nebulous yet no less menacing are often ignored, or else underestimated, by individual human beings --- The gravity of threats has no brains; misplaced modification
E. the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing, yet are often ignored or underestimated by individual human beings ---same as in D.
daagh,
the original meaning of 'yet are no less menacing' is that humans are no less menacing and C stands gramatically perfect but y is C mentioned as change in meaning?
Can you please clarify where I am going wrong?
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Re: With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2016, 16:10
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Alok322 wrote:
daagh wrote:
A. individual human beings often ignore or underestimate the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, yet are no less menacing --- yet are no less menacing refers to individual human beings; not to the gravity of the nebulous threats; also it may be noted that if gravity was underestimated, the verb for the same should be in singular ‘is’ and not in plural ‘are’

B. individual human beings are prone to ignore, or else to underestimate, the gravity of more nebulous yet no less menacing threats, such as climate change -- seems to be the correct choice, except for the inclusion of the word 'else'. But that is not an unacceptable

C. individual human beings, often ignoring or underestimating the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing -- change in meaning; it is the threats that are no less menacing and not individuals
D. the gravity of threats, such as climate change, that are more nebulous yet no less menacing are often ignored, or else underestimated, by individual human beings --- The gravity of threats has no brains; misplaced modification
E. the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing, yet are often ignored or underestimated by individual human beings ---same as in D.
daagh,
the original meaning of 'yet are no less menacing' is that humans are no less menacing and C stands gramatically perfect but y is C mentioned as change in meaning?
Can you please clarify where I am going wrong?


The structure of the sentence in option C is :

With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate physical peril, individual human beings ,often ignoring or underestimating the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing.

The pink highlighted modifier is a prepositional phrase modifier for the subject individual human beings and the green highlighted part is a present participial modifier again for the subject individual human beings. The main verb of the sentence is are.

Once you cut down the fluff, the sentence reduces to:

Individual human beings are no less menacing.

You would now understand the above is not the intended meaning - the original meaning is more nebulous threats (such as climate change) are no less menacing.

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Re: With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 18:13
sayantanc2k wrote:
Alok322 wrote:
daagh wrote:
A. individual human beings often ignore or underestimate the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, yet are no less menacing --- yet are no less menacing refers to individual human beings; not to the gravity of the nebulous threats; also it may be noted that if gravity was underestimated, the verb for the same should be in singular ‘is’ and not in plural ‘are’

B. individual human beings are prone to ignore, or else to underestimate, the gravity of more nebulous yet no less menacing threats, such as climate change -- seems to be the correct choice, except for the inclusion of the word 'else'. But that is not an unacceptable

C. individual human beings, often ignoring or underestimating the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing -- change in meaning; it is the threats that are no less menacing and not individuals
D. the gravity of threats, such as climate change, that are more nebulous yet no less menacing are often ignored, or else underestimated, by individual human beings --- The gravity of threats has no brains; misplaced modification
E. the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing, yet are often ignored or underestimated by individual human beings ---same as in D.
daagh,
the original meaning of 'yet are no less menacing' is that humans are no less menacing and C stands gramatically perfect but y is C mentioned as change in meaning?
Can you please clarify where I am going wrong?


The structure of the sentence in option C is :

With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate physical peril, individual human beings ,often ignoring or underestimating the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing.

The pink highlighted modifier is a prepositional phrase modifier for the subject individual human beings and the green highlighted part is a present participial modifier again for the subject individual human beings. The main verb of the sentence is are.

Once you cut down the fluff, the sentence reduces to:

Individual human beings are no less menacing.

You would now understand the above is not the intended meaning - the original meaning is more nebulous threats (such as climate change) are no less menacing.


can you please explain why A is wrong? [The core structure of this sentence is individual human beings often ignore or underestimate … yet are no less menacing. According to the first portion of the sentence, the human beings are responding to threats; they are not themselves the threats.]

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Re: With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 19:23
shasadou wrote:
With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate physical peril, individual human beings often ignore or underestimate the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, yet are no less menacing.

A. individual human beings often ignore or underestimate the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, yet are no less menacing
B. individual human beings are prone to ignore, or else to underestimate, the gravity of more nebulous yet no less menacing threats, such as climate change
C. individual human beings, often ignoring or underestimating the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing
D. the gravity of threats, such as climate change, that are more nebulous yet no less menacing are often ignored, or else underestimated, by individual human beings
E. the gravity of more nebulous threats, such as climate change, are no less menacing, yet are often ignored or underestimated by individual human beings


Imo B

Human beings should come after comma .
Correct idiom is such as
B has correct modifier .
A yet are no menacing refers to human beings
C It is a fragment does not contain main verb
D The first modifier modifies gravity
E The first modifier modifies gravity
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Re: With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 02:12
yet are no less menacing refers to the "nebulous threats", such as climate change.
The main verb is not "are" it is "Ignore or Underestimate"
Thus B is correct

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Re: With brains shaped by evolution to respond primarily to immediate phys   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2017, 02:12
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