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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States

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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2009, 10:57
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With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.

(A) With
(B) As
(C) Being
(D) Despite having
(E) Although accounting for
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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07 Jul 2009, 11:07
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This looks kind of tricky. The subject of the sentence is “citizens.”

A) “With” doesn’t sound right.
B) “As” is definitely wrong.
C) Being sounds better than the first two but doesn’t seem as good as E.
D) Citizens don’t “have” 5% of the population. They account for 5%, but they don’t “have” that.
E) This sounds most correct to me.

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07 Jul 2009, 12:08
yeah i am not sure either... this is definitely one of those "flip a coin" situation for me... But i give E a tiny bit edge over C
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08 Jul 2009, 00:30
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E it is.

Contrast required.
5% population ==> but high consumption

so only D and E left (despite and although)

Despite having is modifying the US not it's citizens so wrong
E is correct as modifying US citizens.
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08 Jul 2009, 06:47
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bigoyal wrote:
13. With only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.

(A) With
(B) As
(C) Being
(D) Despite having
(E) Although accounting for

need constrast here so D and E are left.

D is wrong for having a wrong modifier for 'united states citizens' ..

E makes sense.

IMO E.

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09 Jul 2009, 09:05
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E

read it as - US citizens "with/as/being/having/accounting for" 5% of the world's population...

In addition, the sentense needs to contrast US citizens with other citizens. Thus "although accounting for" is more logically sound.

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16 Jun 2010, 06:19
E for me too.

1. For contrasting >> D and E
2. US citizens >> accounting for

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16 Jun 2010, 06:53
You just have to keep the subject in mind. We are talking about citizens here, so our answer has to modify that subject. Answer E does just that, D does not.

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22 Jun 2010, 23:11
I am with E

It currently says :
was not provided

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07 Jul 2010, 08:57
Although X, Y

we need contrast here. only E satisfies that.

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07 Jul 2010, 10:40
E for me. It correctly modifies "US citizens" with contrast. D has contrast but modifies "US", together with A. B and C does not have contrast.

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07 Jul 2010, 10:57

"Despite" is mostly used in cases where an obstacle was overcome to achieve something for e.g.
Despite having low scores in GMAT, Jim got an admission in UCLA.
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07 Jul 2010, 11:05
thought D initially but on reading the whole sentence E looks correct
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13 Aug 2010, 23:59
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pdarun wrote:

"Despite" is mostly used in cases where an obstacle was overcome to achieve something for e.g.
Despite having low scores in GMAT, Jim got an admission in UCLA.

I'm not an expert, but I'd say your example is not suitable here. The first part is a modifier of the subject ("US citizens"). Answer D would, IMO, be okay if only "United States" was the subject, though "having" is still awkward.
In your example it might fit, but I would still omit "having" and it still would be right.

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12 Jun 2011, 09:37
Hi Guys, I know the answer is E because E correctly implies that US citizens account for the population. Do not need any further explanation on that. However, I am skeptical about the grammatical construction used in E. Can someone tell me where I am wrong?

<Although X, Y>. Here X and Y should be two clauses with their respective subjects and verbs. In this example, I do not see subject.
Although accounting for ... X here is a adjective phrase only which is modifying US citizens. But not a clause. I expect something like this -

Although they account for only 5 percent of the world's population, United States citizens.... etc.

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20 Jun 2011, 09:49
I have my doubts about E.

"Although" cannot be followed by a noun phrase; it needs a clause.
Thoughts?
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20 Jun 2011, 10:48
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metallicafan wrote:
I have my doubts about E.

"Although" cannot be followed by a noun phrase; it needs a clause.
Thoughts?

Good point here, I remember reading something like this in the Idioms chapter and it made me scan through the MG SC guide again. What's stated there is 'Although' should 'generally' be followed by a clause. Since this is not out and out a strict rule, in the absence of a better answer choice we could ignore this rule. The following statement has been marked 'suspect' in SC guide and not 'wrong': "Although a frequent napper, I study effectively"

I voted for E because the statement needed a contrast, but I still can't figure out why 'As' is wrong. Just like "As a child, I thought I could fly" is correct, why is "As X, United States citizens...." wrong? Can't we use 'As' as a preposition here and isn't X = "Only 5% of the world's population" a noun phrase? I guess I'm missing something silly here...

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20 Jun 2011, 11:52
l0rrie wrote:
Was not sure at first but I think it's definately B.. It seems the best option

Finally we have a 'B' supporter. But the OA seems to be 'E'...can anyone help here! Also, what's the source of this question?

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20 Jun 2011, 12:48
E.

The beginning of the sentence is trying to set up a contrast. Although sets it up properly.

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20 Jun 2011, 14:57
It is E, most definitely.

The "only" indicates that there is a contrast to the following statements, so we know it should be a despite or although type sentence. It is saying although the citizens make up a small amount, they consume a lot.

(A) With This could technically work as contrast, bu it does not as much as the other choices.
(B) As This could technically work as contrast, but it does not as much as the other choices.
(C) Being Not enough contrast comparatively again and also a pretty bland word against the other choices
(D) Despite having This is tricky; this first clause matches with "United States citizens", so this is effectively reading as "Despite having only 5 percent...United States citizens". United States citizens do not have the population, the country does.
(E) Although accounting for This is correct. It matches up by correctly pairing "citizens" with a logical statement of "Although accounting for only 5 percent...United States citizens".

I hope this is at least somewhat helpful.

About the noun phrase question: I believe although is a subordinate conjunction, so it works in this sentence in that the dependent clause comes first. Even if it is a noun phrase, putting the comma in after the clause is indicating that the clause/phrase is dependent, and therefore legal as long as it is followed by an independent clause. Although is the same type of word as because.

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Re: world's population   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2011, 14:57

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