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Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic

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Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 04:39
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Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.

(A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of

(B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from

(C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to

(D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of

(E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to

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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 13:36
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Keats wrote:
sayantanc2k

Can we please analyse option A, and B more deeply apart from the opening modifier error and idiom error? "The part in bold below".

Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.

A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of
B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from
C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to
D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of
E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to

Thanking in anticipation


"Attributed to" means "to result from" or "to be the result of" - option A and B both have redundancy issues.
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 09:03
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AbdurRakib wrote:
Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.


A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of
B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from
C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to
D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of
E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to

OG 2017 New Question


IMO, 'attributed' and 'result' are redundant. A, B and D are out.

Now, looking at the meaning- something was written in French revolution, and that was Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792). Only 'C' modifies it correctly.
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 05:51
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AbdurRakib wrote:
Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.


A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of
B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from
C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to -----perfectly conveys the meaning
D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of
E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to

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C perfectly conveys the meaning ,has no modifier error and usage of idiom attribute ...to
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2016, 14:51
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The idiomatic template of ‘attribute to’ is that one attributes X to Y, where X and Y are parallel in the form of nouns and the ‘to’ is a preposition. In A and B, one will find that what follow ‘to’ are verbs, thereby rendering them as infinitives, an unparallel structure. In C, the ‘attributed’ is followed by ‘the ills (a noun) to another noun, the dominance. That is the reason C wins over and A and B for using correct idiomatic construction
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2016, 16:51
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daagh wrote:
The idiomatic template of ‘attribute to’ is that one attributes X to Y, where X and Y are parallel in the form of nouns and the ‘to’ is a preposition. In A and B, one will find that what follow ‘to’ are verbs, thereby rendering them as infinitives, an unparallel structure. In C, the ‘attributed’ is followed by ‘the ills (a noun) to another noun, the dominance. That is the reason C wins over and A and B for using correct idiomatic construction


Some posters are arguing that attribute to and result from are redundant. Is redundancy an issue here or the issue is in ||'sm as you have mentioned attribute X to Y, X and Y are not || in A and B.
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2016, 10:09
daagh wrote:
The idiomatic template of ‘attribute to’ is that one attributes X to Y, where X and Y are parallel in the form of nouns and the ‘to’ is a preposition. In A and B, one will find that what follow ‘to’ are verbs, thereby rendering them as infinitives, an unparallel structure. In C, the ‘attributed’ is followed by ‘the ills (a noun) to another noun, the dominance. That is the reason C wins over and A and B for using correct idiomatic construction



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None of my sentence correction analysis is complete unless i go through the analysis of experts like YOU. But please above explanation, can you make it in simple terms. Its my fault that I am unable to understand your explanation.
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2016, 10:14
Celestial09 wrote:
daagh wrote:
The idiomatic template of ‘attribute to’ is that one attributes X to Y, where X and Y are parallel in the form of nouns and the ‘to’ is a preposition. In A and B, one will find that what follow ‘to’ are verbs, thereby rendering them as infinitives, an unparallel structure. In C, the ‘attributed’ is followed by ‘the ills (a noun) to another noun, the dominance. That is the reason C wins over and A and B for using correct idiomatic construction



Chief!
None of my sentence correction analysis is complete unless i go through the analysis of experts like YOU. But please above explanation, can you make it in simple terms. Its my fault that I am unable to understand your explanation.
Thanks


Correct Idiom is attribute X to Y, where X and Y should be parallel.
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2016, 04:30
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Sorry Abhi for my unclear message.
Let’s now analyse the usage of the word ‘to’. The word can act in two ways, one as a part of an infinitive verbal such as ‘to sing’, ‘to play’ or ‘to walk’. You might see that when it is part of the infinitive, a verb always follows the word ‘to’.
The second use of ‘to’ be as a preposition that precedes a noun in prepositional phrases. To Delhi, to freedom, to the dominance etc. Here the word ‘to’ is always followed by a noun.
Point 3 is that, idiomatically ‘attributed’ will only take the ‘to’ as a phrasal verb in the role of a preposition. Then what follows must be a noun. On the contrary, the ‘to’ in ‘attribute to’ never takes a verb
Try to Google attribute with any of the words such as ‘attribute to be’ or ‘attribute to result from’, or ‘attribute to have been the result of’, and you will get the prompt response that there is no such phrase in English Dictionary. That is the simple reason why A, b and D are instantly out.
The final tie is between C and E. E is out because of improper modification and C wins the grand finale.
Hope I have made amends
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2017, 03:31
1. The beginning is a modifier so D and E are out.
2. 'Attributed' and 'Result' are redundant and hence A, B are out.
3. Left over one is C and that is the OA.
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 18:50
Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.


A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of
--> redundant.

B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from
--> redundant.

C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to

D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of
--> redundant and wordy.

E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to
--> dangle modifier (there is no need for comma).
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 19:34
Attributed x to y. And result of... Is wordy and unnecessary . This question is basically testing our modifier ,diction an idiom skills. D and e are out due to modifier issue and C is right becoz of consise and no redundancy

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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 19:53
Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.

The original sentence correctly relates the two writings with the attribute. However, the idiom attribute A to B is not used. Instead it uses 'to be'

The only answer that corrects the idiom is C
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 06:08
AbdurRakib wrote:
Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.


A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of
B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from
C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to
D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of
E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to



D and E are out due to incorrect modification.
Attributed to and to result from means the same thing.
A and B are out.

We are left with C, and that's the right answer. Concise, and without grammatical errors.
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 21:46
AbdurRakib wrote:
Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.


A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of
B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from
C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to
D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of
E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to

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The idiom here is "attributed x to y." The issue with A and B are the redundant phrases "to be the result of" and "to result from." The issue with E is that Mary Wollstonecraft is being incorrectly modified. What was written early in the French Revolution? Mary Wollstonecraft's X and Y

C
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2017, 07:06
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Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.

A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of - The correct idiom is attributed + to + noun phrase

B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from - The verb attribute idiomatically requires the preposition to followed by a noun phrase, not the infinitive marker to followed by a verb.

C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to - correct

D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of - Modification error. The phrase "Written early in the French Revolution" is modifying books written by MW.

E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to - Modification error. The phrase "Written early in the French Revolution" is modifying books written by MW.

Take away: attributed + to + noun phrase (not a verb)
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 01:37
I thought only a person can attribute sth to sth. So also things like books or writings can do that?

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Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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Hello Everyone!

Let's take a look at this question, one problem at a time, to determine the best way to tackle such a long sentence! Before we dive in, here's the original question with any major differences highlighted in orange:

Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.

(A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of
(B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from
(C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to
(D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of
(E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to

After a quick glance over the options, we have 2 major issues to deal with:

1. Proper use of comma placement/non-essential clauses/modifiers in options D & E
2. attributed X to / to result from / to have been the result of / to be the result of


Since #1 involves an easy way to check for errors, let's start there. To make sure these extra commas and re-arranged phrases work, here is each sentence in its entirety, with any non-essential clauses (anything that is placed between commas) crossed out. Remember - for non-essential clauses to work, removing them MUST NOT change the overall meaning of the sentence:

(D) Written early in the French Revolution, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.

This is INCORRECT because the modifier phrase "Written early in the French Revolution" is being used to modify Mary Wollstonecraft. Mary wasn't written during the French Revolution - her books were! This is a case of a misplaced modifier!

(E) Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.

Again, this is also INCORRECT because the modifier is placed next to Mary, suggesting Mary was written, not her books.

So - we can eliminate options D & E because re-arranging the sentences and adding in commas created problems with modifiers!

Now, let's move on to #2 on our list: how to phrase clauses that refer to attribution! The proper idiom format for this is:

[Person] attributed X to Y

That's it. There is no need to add extra wording, such as "attributed X to result from Y" or "attributed X to have been the result of Y." Both of those options are clunky and overly wordy. The GMAT prefers concise writing whenever possible, so let's see which options use concise and correct idiomatic structure here:

(A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of --> INCORRECT (overly wordy/awkward)

(B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from --> INCORRECT (overly wordy/awkward)

(C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to --> CORRECT (concise and follows idiomatic rules)

There you have it - option C is the correct choice!


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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2019, 16:46
Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.

(A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of ( attributed X to Y: is correct) attributed(regard something as being caused by) . So look at the meaning. attributed X and Y to be the result of .(redundancy) so Wrong

(B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from (Same as A)

(C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to (Correct)

(D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of (Modifier :Written early in the French Revolution: Written means, it is modifying the two books, So after comma book name should come) SO this option is wrong

(E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to (Same as D)
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2019, 17:33
Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of the dominance of aristocratic values and patriarchal hereditary privilege.

(A) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to be the result of ( attributed and result --> reductant )

(B) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to result from ( attributed and result --> reductant )

(C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) attributed Europe’s social and political ills to (Correct)

(D) in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft attributed Europe’s social and political ills to have been the result of ( attributed and result of--> reductant )

(E) Mary Wollstonecraft, in A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), attributed Europe’s social and political ills to ( meaning shift)
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Re: Written early in the French Revolution, Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindic   [#permalink] 30 May 2019, 17:33
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