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A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?

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A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2018, 23:47
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FRESH GMAT CLUB QUESTION:



A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?

(1) The number of different possible sequences of n-digit numbers when a dice is rolled n times is 7776.

(2) If the dice has been rolled 3 times fewer, the probability of getting a 6 on every roll would have been 1/36.

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Re: A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2018, 05:01
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Bunuel wrote:

FRESH GMAT CLUB QUESTION:



A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?

(1) The number of different possible sequences of n-digit numbers when a dice is rolled n times is 7776.

(2) If the dice has been rolled 3 times fewer, the probability of getting a 6 on every roll would have been 1/36.


Question : Number of dice = ?

Statement 1: The number of different possible sequences of n-digit numbers when a dice is rolled n times is 7776.

i.e. 6^n = 7776
but 6^5 = 7776 hence
n = 5
SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: If the dice has been rolled 3 times fewer, the probability of getting a 6 on every roll would have been 1/36.[/quote]

Probability of getting a 6 on every role = 1/6
i.e. (1/6)*(1/6) = 1/36
i.e. when 3 fewer roles are thrown then 2 roles are thrown
i.e. Total Number of times the dice is rolled = 2+3 = 5
SUFFICIENT

Answer: option D
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A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2018, 02:35
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Bunuel wrote:

FRESH GMAT CLUB QUESTION:



A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?

(1) The number of different possible sequences of n-digit numbers when a dice is rolled n times is 7776.

(2) If the dice has been rolled 3 times fewer, the probability of getting a 6 on every roll would have been 1/36.


We need to see if we can create an equation with only variable, n.
We'll look for an answer that gives us this information, a Logical approach.

(1) Even if we don't know that 'the number of possible sequences...' is 6^n, then we should know that this has only one solution.
That is, there is only equation that can be created from this statement and it has only one variable - n.
Sufficient.

(2) There is only one way to get a 6 on every roll so a probability of 1/36 means the total number of options is 36.
That is, at 3 less rolls the total number of possible sequences is 36.
This is almost exactly the same as (1).
Sufficient.

(D) is our answer.
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Re: A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 02:38
Bunuel wrote:

FRESH GMAT CLUB QUESTION:



A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?

(1) The number of different possible sequences of n-digit numbers when a dice is rolled n times is 7776.

(2) If the dice has been rolled 3 times fewer, the probability of getting a 6 on every roll would have been 1/36.


Par of GMAT CLUB'S New Year's Quantitative Challenge Set


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Re: A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2018, 04:04
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What made me really think about this question is the wording of statement 2. It took me a seconds to understand what it meant.

Let's break this down

Statement 1: This statement is essentially asking for the number of different possibilities that can come when a dice is rolled n times.
The number of possibilities is 7776

Now, if a die is rolled once, the number of possibilities is 6. And if rolled twice, possibilities are 6*6 (i.e. \(6^2\))

Thus, in our case \(6^n\)=7776

Now, its a matter of using basic arithmetic to get value of n which turns out to be 5. Since we get a unique value of n, this statement is sufficient

Statement 2: Now, if we were to roll a dice once, the probability of getting number 6 on it would be 1/6 (number of favourable possible outcomes/total possible outcomes).

Thus, for probability to be 1/36, the die has to be rolled twice with each time giving us number 6 on the face of the die (1/6*1/6)

Now, this number (i.e. 2) is 3 less than n. Thus n=5. Since we get a unique value of n, this statement is sufficient too

Hence, answer is D
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Re: A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2019, 07:55
GMATinsight wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

FRESH GMAT CLUB QUESTION:



A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?

(1) The number of different possible sequences of n-digit numbers when a dice is rolled n times is 7776.

(2) If the dice has been rolled 3 times fewer, the probability of getting a 6 on every roll would have been 1/36.


Question : Number of dice = ?

Statement 1: The number of different possible sequences of n-digit numbers when a dice is rolled n times is 7776.

i.e. 6^n = 7776
but 6^5 = 7776 hence
n = 5
SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: If the dice has been rolled 3 times fewer, the probability of getting a 6 on every roll would have been 1/36.


Probability of getting a 6 on every role = 1/6
i.e. (1/6)*(1/6) = 1/36
i.e. when 3 fewer roles are thrown then 2 roles are thrown
i.e. Total Number of times the dice is rolled = 2+3 = 5
SUFFICIENT

Answer: option D[/quote]

Hi,

(1) The number of different possible sequences of n-digit numbers when a dice is rolled n times is 7776.

When this says n-digit numbers , does it mean the possible sequences of 5 digit numbers when the dice is rolled 5 times, or what does it mean? I'm sorry, but I found the language quite confusing!
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Re: A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2019, 20:20
Statement 1: 6 ^n=7776

n = 5. Since we get a unique value of n, this statement is sufficient

Statement 2:
Thus, for probability to be 1/36, the die has to be rolled twice with each time giving us number 6 on the face of the die (1/6*1/6)

Now, this number (i.e. 2) is 3 less than n. Thus n=5.

Hence, answer is D
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Re: A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2019, 21:37
Bunuel wrote:

FRESH GMAT CLUB QUESTION:



A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?

(1) The number of different possible sequences of n-digit numbers when a dice is rolled n times is 7776.

(2) If the dice has been rolled 3 times fewer, the probability of getting a 6 on every roll would have been 1/36.


Total outcome when a fair dice is rolled n times = 6^n

(1) Given 6^n = 7776 = 6^5
—> n = 5

Sufficient

(2) Probability of getting 6 on every roll of(n-3) is 1/6^(n - 3) = 1/36
—> 1/6^ (n-3) = 1/6^2
—> n - 3 = 2
—> n = 5

Sufficient

IMO Option D

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Re: A fair six-sided dice was rolled n times. What is the value of n?   [#permalink] 22 Jun 2019, 21:37
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