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A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor

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A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1890, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.


(A) the largest share for any country to contribute

(B) the largest share that any country has contributed

(C) which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute

(D) having the largest share to be contributed by any country

(E) having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

Originally posted by rkatl on 14 Sep 2006, 21:45.
Last edited by Bunuel on 30 Nov 2018, 04:01, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2016, 02:16
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A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute
B. the largest share that any country has contributed
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

The entire clause "A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute" is modified by the adjective modifier "SINCE 1980".


SINCE has 3 important properties that should be remembered:-
1)SINCE is an adjective of time. It shows "from what time the action started".
2)SINCE captures all time -"from the past to the current moment"
3)SINCE implies that the action is currently going on.

Because SINCE indicates ongoing action in the current time (PRESENT TENSE) it will always use "is/has/have"

Knowing this rule can help one to reach the correct answer in less than 10 seconds
THE ANSWER BECOMES EASY PEASY "B".

B. the largest share that any country has contributed
No other option except B contains the correct linking verb "has".

anonymousvn wrote:
A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute
B. the largest share that any country has contributed
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

Please explain. Tks

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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2006, 01:20
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(B) as well

(A) is not fitted with 'to contribute'
(B) tense has + ed is right with since
(C) which seems to refer to U.S.
(D) having, to be contributed (passive & having uses)
(E) Like (D), but worst
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2006, 02:36
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A)the largest share for any country to contribute - need past tense. WRONG

B)the largest share that any country has contributed - CORRECT.

C)which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute - need past tense, pronoun problem, modifier problem. WRONG

D)having the largest share to be contributed by any country - modifier problem. WRONG

E)having the largest share to have been contributed by any country - modifier problem. WRONG
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2009, 17:58
humm , very interesting question , i initially picked B however after reading your comments I think the correct answer is A

B is not correct as the action is no longer valid now , action that is survey in this case happened in the past and closed now

I also checked Present Prefect definition on Present prefect

http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/gramm ... -tense.htm
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2014, 04:31
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http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/dou ... t8489.html
Ron said "Option B is the correct answer to this problem."
"actually, the only acceptable tense for a clause modified by "since..." is the present perfect."

I hope no doubt left on OA etc.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2016, 06:09
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anonymousvn wrote:
A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute
B. the largest share that any country has contributed
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

Please explain. Tks


'Since/ for' generally requires past perfect tense

A. the largest share for any country to contribute. 'for' is not right. It implies that something is there for mexico
B. the largest share that any country has contributed. Correct choice. We need sentence in present perfect tense.
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute. 'Which' modifies USA.
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country. -ing form modifies the previous sentence. Flipping the sentence shows that 'having' modifies 'A March 2000 Census Bureau survey' and that is not correct
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country -ing form modifies the previous sentence. Flipping the sentence shows that 'having' modifies 'A March 2000 Census Bureau survey' and that is not correct
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2017, 16:36
Hi Experts, In option B - Isn't the underlined portion a IC? It has subject largest share that and Verb Has... Im little confused.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2017, 23:06
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rakaisraka wrote:
Hi Experts, In option B - Isn't the underlined portion a IC? It has subject largest share that and Verb Has... Im little confused.



The underlined portion is an absolute phrase modifier. An absolute phrase modifier modifies an entire clause in some way and has the structure noun / noun phrase + noun modifier.

Here,

Absolute phrase modifier: the largest share that any country has contributed since 1980. (noun = the largest share, noun modifier = that any country has contributed since 1980).

The above absolute phrase modifier modifies the clause "Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States".

Please let me know if you still have doubt.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2017, 14:18
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oasis90 wrote:
Hey Sayantanc2k,

This question has been discussed in mulitple posts. I am having trouble understanding why A is wrong. I read a few explanations and none of them were that convincing. Can you please clarify what choice A intends to say versus what choice B intends to say?

Thanks,

Humam

https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-march-2000 ... fl=similar


"Share" must be the direct object of the verb "contribute" and "country" must be the subject of the verb "contribute". the following is the correct structure:

...country has contributed the share...

Option B depicts this structure clearly - "that" referring to "the largest share" is the direct object of the verb "has contributed" and "any country" is the subject of the verb "has contributed".

In option A this structure is missing - the preposition "for" does not make any sense.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 20:59
Hello Expert,

I have gone through the posts for this answer but I am having a hard time understanding what's wrong with answer choice A. I understand all other choices but still don't have clarity on the issues with A. Thank you!

YT
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2017, 02:04
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yt770 wrote:
Hello Expert,

I have gone through the posts for this answer but I am having a hard time understanding what's wrong with answer choice A. I understand all other choices but still don't have clarity on the issues with A. Thank you!

YT


The preposition "for" is wrong. The share is not for the country (to contribute). The share is something that was contributed by the country. Hence "share" should be the object of the verb contribute.

It is for you to contribute: this statement implies that someone kept it for you, so that you may contribute it.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 03:20
sayantanc2k wrote:
rakaisraka wrote:
Hi Experts, In option B - Isn't the underlined portion a IC? It has subject largest share that and Verb Has... Im little confused.



The underlined portion is an absolute phrase modifier. An absolute phrase modifier modifies an entire clause in some way and has the structure noun / noun phrase + noun modifier.

Here,

Absolute phrase modifier: the largest share that any country has contributed since 1980. (noun = the largest share, noun modifier = that any country has contributed since 1980).

The above absolute phrase modifier modifies the clause "Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States".

Please let me know if you still have doubt.


Hi daagh sir,
I have doubt-
If a sentence for example- Susan: " My daughter has been dancing everyday since 2001", is quoted by someone else the sentence becomes susan said that her daughter had/ has been dancing everyday since 2001.

Doubt A)- which one is correct, has or had? ( Because the actual question on this thread is from gmat verbal review 2017 question number 203. And the answer key explanation says both are correct)-This is a doubt related sequences of tenses in which we generally shift the action in past. But be if the action is still true can the action be presented in present perfect?

Doubt B) If any both had and has is correct, but we are unaware of the fact is the situation still valid or not ( example- I am not aware is susan daughter still dancing everyday), is there any rule which states that we use HAS>>HAD?
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 03:56
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Doubt 1. It may please be remembered that if you use either a past perfect tense (including past perfect progressive) or past tense, then the action is already completed. On the contrary, if there is an iota of doubt whether the action is extended until at least today, then present perfect is required, even if there are two different tenses to describe two-time lines like as in Susan's daughter's case. Had danced or had been dancing are all wrong since the dancing has been occurring since 2001 until today.

Doubt 2. example- I am not aware is Susan daughter still dancing every day) -- Is this your second sentence?
Quote:
I am not aware whether Susan's daughter is still dancing.
--- All the tenses are is present tense are used properly. So, where is the confusion?
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2018, 23:12
Quote:
A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1890, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

(A) the largest share for any country to contribute

(B) the largest share that any country has contributed

(C) which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute

(D) having the largest share to be contributed by any country

(E) having the largest share to have been contributed by any country


https://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/07/us/foreign-born-in-us-at-record-high.html

Foreign Born in U.S. at Record High
By JANNY SCOTTFEB. 7, 2002

The number of foreign-born residents and children of immigrants in the United States has reached the highest level in history, according to a Census Bureau report released yesterday. It found that the number had leapt to 56 million from 34 million in the last three decades.

Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all the foreign-born residents, the bureau's analysis of data from its March 2000 Current Population Survey showed. That share is the largest any country has held since the 1890 census, when about 30 percent of the country's foreign-born population was from Germany.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2018, 05:40
ichha148 wrote:
humm , very interesting question , i initially picked B however after reading your comments I think the correct answer is A

B is not correct as the action is no longer valid now , action that is survey in this case happened in the past and closed now

I also checked Present Prefect definition on Present prefect

http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/gramm ... -tense.htm

Hi !!

But "since 1890" does not modify the survey....it modifies or describes the share which is said to be the maximum share contributed by a country since 1890. Moreover, use of since in itself means from 1890 to the present.

I still don't understand the logic behind A being correct.

'since' always means from past date/time specified till present.

Please clarify !!

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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2018, 11:37
SonalSinha803 wrote:
ichha148 wrote:
humm , very interesting question , i initially picked B however after reading your comments I think the correct answer is A

B is not correct as the action is no longer valid now , action that is survey in this case happened in the past and closed now

I also checked Present Prefect definition on Present prefect

http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/gramm ... -tense.htm

Hi !!

But "since 1890" does not modify the survey....it modifies or describes the share which is said to be the maximum share contributed by a country since 1890. Moreover, use of since in itself means from 1890 to the present.

I still don't understand the logic behind A being correct.

'since' always means from past date/time specified till present.

Please clarify !!

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Hello SonalSinha803,


The correct answer of this official question is Choice B indeed.

Your understanding of the usage of since is absolutely correct.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 00:18
ichha148 wrote:
humm , very interesting question , i initially picked B however after reading your comments I think the correct answer is A

B is not correct as the action is no longer valid now , action that is survey in this case happened in the past and closed now

I also checked Present Prefect definition on Present prefect

http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/gramm ... -tense.htm


Check the OA is B.
People are falling for wrong explanations given above in support for (A).
The correct answer is (B)

OE is as follows:

Logical predication; Rhetorical construction

This sentence claims that the 2000 Census showed that at the time Mexico's contribution to the foreign-born population of United States residents exceeded that of any other country since 1890. It makes the comparison in an appositive that modifies more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States.

Correct. This form of the appositive is the most efficient way to express the comparison. Depending on when the sentence was written and what the writer intended to express, the verb form could be either had contributed or has contributed. The use of has contributed implies that, from the perspective of the sentence, the comparison between German-born U.S. residents and those from other countries still holds true. (B)
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2018, 11:12
Here's my line of thought that got me to select the correct answer choice (B).

It becomes evident from the sentence that the action started in the past but continues in the present, or remains true in the present.

Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the US, since 1890 is important as was mentioned by a previous poster, hence the action started in the past. The effect still remains true in the present. Therefore the present perfect verb tense is at place here.

Present perfect = have/has + past participle

Answer choice B, is the only answer choice that is present perfect.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2019, 01:26
rkatl wrote:
A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1890, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.


(A) the largest share for any country to contribute

(B) the largest share that any country has contributed

(C) which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute

(D) having the largest share to be contributed by any country

(E) having the largest share to have been contributed by any country


it is clear that choice b is good. "since" goes with "has contributed".

but why choice A is wrong?
for+noun+to do is a future hypothetical action. similarly, in the sentence " I learn gmat to go to us". "to go to us" is a future hypothetical action. this point is explained by grammar books regarding "to infitinitive".
in short, 'to contribute" has no time and can not go with "since". this is the reason why choice A is wrong.

to do show a process in a general way. it has no time.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for mor   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2019, 01:26

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