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A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur

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A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2013, 12:28
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A new study suggests that different species of mice have different burrow design: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.

A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA

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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Jan 2013, 05:38
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Hi everyone,

First of all, thank you all very much for your responses. It's really good to see such nice and analytical responses. This definitely helps to learn in a much more effective manner. SO here comes the official explanation for this one.

A new study suggests that different species of mice have different burrow design: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.

Image

• This sentence presents facts.
• Different species of mice build burrows of different designs.
• Even a mouse raised in lab can make a burrow specific to its species.
• Burrow making is genetic as genes carry DNA combinations of burrow making in every species.

Image

Error Analysis

• Clause 1: A new study suggests
• Clause 2: that different species of mice have different burrow design:
• Clause 3: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.

1. Use of “due to” is incorrect in this sentence because it has been used to modify the verb in this sentence, more specifically to present the reason for the verb – how can a lab-raised mouse build species-specific burrow. “Due to” can only be used to explain the noun and not a verb.

2. The comma + verb-ing modifier “carrying” modifies the preceding clause. This modification does not make much sense as it seems to suggest that mice carry various DNA combinations. Logically, it is the genes in the mice that carry DNA combinations. Hence, we need a modifier that refers to “genes”.

PoE

A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA: Correct Answer. It corrects both errors of choice A and does not introduce any other errors.

C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA: Incorrect.

Error 1 – Use of simple presents “builds” is incorrect because the original sentence presents the ability of the lab raised mouse to build species-specific burrow by saying “can build”. This choice suggests that it is a general fact that lab- raised mice make species-specific burrow.
Error 2 – Use of “so that” is incorrect. This phrase is used to present the result of the preceding clause. This usage distorts the intended meaning.

D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA: Incorrect.

Error 1 – “A mouse in the lab” does not mean the same as “a lab-raised mouse”. A mouse in the lab can be just any mouse there and not necessarily the mouse that has been raised there.
Error 2 – Per the original sentence, it is a general fact that “genes” carry various DNA combinations. Per this choice, “can carry” suggests the ability of genes to carry various DNA combinations. This is not the intended meaning.

E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA: Incorrect. Pronoun “their” should logically refer to “mouse”. But grammatically, plural pronoun “their” does not agree in number with the singular noun “mouse”.

Image

1. “Due to” cannot be used to present reason for the verb. It can only describe noun entities. “Because of” is the correct expression to do so.
2. We must use the correct Modifier must be used correctly to modify the entity it is supposed to modify.
3. “Can verb” presents the ability, while simple presents tense presents general truth.
4. We must use correct expressions to communicate the intended meaning. For example, lab-raised mouse is not the same as mouse in the lab.

Thanks. :)
Shraddha
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Originally posted by egmat on 27 Jan 2013, 12:28.
Last edited by egmat on 30 Jan 2013, 05:38, edited 2 times in total.
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A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2013, 12:53
2
ok let's try !

A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA carrying seems to modify the verb "can build" instead of the "genes" which does not make sense

B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA problem fixed

C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA changes the intended meaning, now it seems that the fact that the mouse develop burrow makes its genes change

D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA change the meaning, this sentence would mean that any mouse put in a lab can do that, even though it was not raised within a lab

E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA their has no antecedent
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2013, 13:49
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A new study suggests that different species of mice have different burrow design: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.
A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA- Use of Due to is incorrect as it means burrow are caused by genes
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA- Correct
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA - Intention is to focus on capability rather than Habit
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA- It means that Genes are literally carrying DNA on their back
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA - Pronoun Number mismatch

So answer has to be B.
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2013, 13:57
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2013, 05:52
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A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA - DUE TO = Caused By. Burrowing is due to (caused by) mouse's action
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA - grammatically correct.
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA - burrow is not the reason to carry genes
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA - mouse raised not mouse in the lab
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA - their - mouse subj verb agreement error
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2013, 10:53
Jackouille wrote:
ok let's try !

A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA carrying seems to modify the verb "can build" instead of the "genes" which does not make sense
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA problem fixed
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA changes the intended meaning, now it seems that the fact that the mouse develop burrow makes its genes change
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA change the meaning, this sentence would mean that any mouse put in a lab can do that, even though it was not raised within a lab
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA their has no antecedent


Hi @Jackouille,

Your answer is correct. Your analysis is also pretty good. However, you have not analysed the usage of "due to" and "because of". Noenetheless, good job. :)
Thanks. :)
Shraddha
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2013, 10:54
fameatop wrote:
A new study suggests that different species of mice have different burrow design: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.
A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA- Use of Due to is incorrect as it means burrow are caused by genes
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA- Correct
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA - Intention is to focus on capability rather than Habit
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA- It means that Genes are literally carrying DNA on their back
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA - Pronoun Number mismatch

So answer has to be B.


Hi @fameatop,

You are absolutely correct in your analysis. I really liked the way you have clarified the usage of "can" and the simple present tense. Very well done. Keep up the good work. :)

Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2013, 10:58
pritish2301 wrote:
A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA - DUE TO = Caused By. Burrowing is due to (caused by) mouse's action
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA - grammatically correct.
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA - burrow is not the reason to carry genes
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA - mouse raised not mouse in the lab
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA - their - mouse subj verb agreement error


Hi @pritish2301,

Very good analysis. However, you have not commented on the usage of "comma + carrying" in the origibnal sentence. Also, in choice E, it's a pronoun antecedent number agreement error and not the SV agreement error. :)
A pretty thorough job, nonetheless. Keep it up. :)

Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2013, 20:08
IMO :- B

Meaning :- talks about the findings of a study about characteristics of mice. it also states that a lab raised mouse also exhibits similar characteristic because of its genes

Error Analysis :- The mouse can build burrow not caused by (due to) its genes but it builds burrow because of its genes, also the verb-ing modifier carrying does not modify genes because of the comma.


A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA - Explained
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA - Correct
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA - a mouse raised in the lab, wordy, and also there is a meaning change, option states that the mouse builds burrow so that its genes carry DNA
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA - a mouse in the lab is different from a lab raised mouse, also there is slight change in the meaning, the option states that genes can carry, this shows that the genes have the ability to carry but does not confirm if the genes carry DNA, however the original sentence states that the genes do carry.
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA - plural pronoun their does not agree with singular mouse. in this option 'there' can only refer to burrows illogically stating the genes of burrows carry DNA
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2013, 23:38
1
A new study suggests that different species of mice have different burrow design: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.

A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA incorrect usage of "due to" and "carrying"
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA correct
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA meaning issue
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA meaning issue
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA a mouse...their = noun/pronoun number agreement error
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2013, 00:51
In context of these example
can you explain usage of due to v/s because of ?
apart from substituting 'due to' with 'cause by'
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2013, 13:14
A new study suggests that different species of mice have different burrow design: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.

A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA. Incorrect. "Carrying various DNA" seems to refer to the subject "mouse" and not genes.
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA. Correct
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA. Incorrect. Changes meaning. Reverses Cause (mouses has genes that carry various DNA) and Effect (Mouse can build species specific burrows). This sentence tells us that because mouse builds burrows so its genes carries various DNA.
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA. Incorrect. Changes meaning of original sentence. "Mouse raised in the lab" is different from a "Mouse in the lab".
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA. Incorrect. "their" refers to singular mouse.
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2013, 06:55
Aristocrat wrote:
In context of these example
can you explain usage of due to v/s because of ?
apart from substituting 'due to' with 'cause by'


Hi Aristocrat,

If you read the official explanation, you will get an insight to the usage of "due to" and "because of" apart from the fact that "due to" should be replaced by "caused by" and should still make sense. :)

Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 22:33
egmat wrote:
Hi folks,

Here comes a new SC problem of this week, just for you. Do post your detailed analysis and we will give Kudos to you if you get correct. :)

A new study suggests that different species of mice have different burrow design: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.

A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA

Official answer and detailed solution will be posted after a few responses.
Happy Practicing. :)


of course it is E. Seems like a Classic GMAT problem. What's new? the colon?
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 23:12
docdrizzeally wrote:
egmat wrote:
Hi folks,

Here comes a new SC problem of this week, just for you. Do post your detailed analysis and we will give Kudos to you if you get correct. :)

A new study suggests that different species of mice have different burrow design: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.

A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA
B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA
C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA
D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA
E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA

Official answer and detailed solution will be posted after a few responses.
Happy Practicing. :)


of course it is E. Seems like a Classic GMAT problem. What's new? the colon?


Hi docdrizzeally.

E) a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA

I think E is incorrect because "a lab-raised mouse" is singular ==> "their genes" is wrong. It should be "its genes". IMO, B is correct.

Regards.
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2017, 05:11
egmat wrote:
Hi everyone,

First of all, thank you all very much for your responses. It's really good to see such nice and analytical responses. This definitely helps to learn in a much more effective manner. SO here comes the official explanation for this one.

A new study suggests that different species of mice have different burrow design: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.

Image

• This sentence presents facts.
• Different species of mice build burrows of different designs.
• Even a mouse raised in lab can make a burrow specific to its species.
• Burrow making is genetic as genes carry DNA combinations of burrow making in every species.

Image

Error Analysis

• Clause 1: A new study suggests
• Clause 2: that different species of mice have different burrow design:
• Clause 3: a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA combinations of burrow creation in genome.

1. Use of “due to” is incorrect in this sentence because it has been used to modify the verb in this sentence, more specifically to present the reason for the verb – how can a lab-raised mouse build species-specific burrow. “Due to” can only be used to explain the noun and not a verb.

2. The comma + verb-ing modifier “carrying” modifies the preceding clause. This modification does not make much sense as it seems to suggest that mice carry various DNA combinations. Logically, it is the genes in the mice that carry DNA combinations. Hence, we need a modifier that refers to “genes”.

PoE

A. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow due to its genes, carrying various DNA: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrow because of its genes that carry various DNA: Correct Answer. It corrects both errors of choice A and does not introduce any other errors.

C. a mouse raised in the lab builds species-specific burrow so that its genes carry various DNA: Incorrect.

Error 1 – Use of simple presents “builds” is incorrect because the original sentence presents the ability of the lab raised mouse to build species-specific burrow by saying “can build”. This choice suggests that it is a general fact that lab- raised mice make species-specific burrow.
Error 2 – Use of “so that” is incorrect. This phrase is used to present the result of the preceding clause. This usage distorts the intended meaning.

D. a mouse in the lab can build species-specific burrow as its genes can carry various DNA: Incorrect.

Error 1 – “A mouse in the lab” does not mean the same as “a lab-raised mouse”. A mouse in the lab can be just any mouse there and not necessarily the mouse that has been raised there.
Error 2 – Per the original sentence, it is a general fact that “genes” carry various DNA combinations. Per this choice, “can carry” suggests the ability of genes to carry various DNA combinations. This is not the intended meaning.

E. a lab-raised mouse too can build species-specific burrows because of their genes carrying various DNA: Incorrect. Pronoun “their” should logically refer to “mouse”. But grammatically, plural pronoun “their” does not agree in number with the singular noun “mouse”.

Image

1. “Due to” cannot be used to present reason for the verb. It can only describe noun entities. “Because of” is the correct expression to do so.
2. We must use the correct Modifier must be used correctly to modify the entity it is supposed to modify.
3. “Can verb” presents the ability, while simple presents tense presents general truth.
4. We must use correct expressions to communicate the intended meaning. For example, lab-raised mouse is not the same as mouse in the lab.

Thanks. :)
Shraddha


Hi Egmat Team,
I know this is an old post, but would appreciate if you could help clarify below doubts:
a. How does have different burrow designs in sentence infer to build burrows of different designs in meaning analysis.
b. in underlined potion, it say lab raised mouse too, because of word too I was searching for various other activities that lab raised mouse performs in remaining sentence. Needless to say, I was incorrect. Can you advice why I faltered?
WR,
Arpit
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2017, 08:10
Hi Arpit,

Thank you for the query. And I apologize for the delay in posting this response.

a. The sentence talks about burrow designs of various species of mice. It is a common fact that mice build their own burrows. From the sentence, we get to know that different species have different burrow designs. Hence, it can be easily deduced that different species of mice build different kinds of burrow.

b. The word too has been used to mean also. The sentence talks about two different kinds of mice – lab-raised mice and mice staying in natural habitat.
Since the first part of the sentence talks about the second type of mice, the author uses too for lab-raised mice as he states that lab-raised mice also who have never been in their natural habitat can still make their species-specific burrows because of their genes.

Please read the sentence very carefully. When you read the sentence for the first time, do not look for grammatical errors yet. First, get the gist and the context of the sentence. In short, focus more on meaning-based approach.

Hope this helps. :)

Thanks,
Shraddha
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Re: A new study suggests that different species of mice have different bur  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2017, 07:23
egmat can you please explain to me when "so that" is correct in a sentence. I am not referring to so + adjective that.
I did a sentence correction problem and so that was correct.
Thanks,
Matthew
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New post 31 May 2017, 12:49
matthewsmith_89 wrote:
egmat can you please explain to me when "so that" is correct in a sentence. I am not referring to so + adjective that.
I did a sentence correction problem and so that was correct.
Thanks,
Matthew



Hello matthewsmith_89,

Thank you for the query. :-)

The phrase so that is used to state the purpose of an action. For example:

Jack exercises daily so that he can remain fit.

Jill was up all night so that she could finish her project on time.



In both the above mentioned sentences, so that presents the reason for the action that precedes this phrase.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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