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A review of literature dating from before the 18th century

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A review of literature dating from before the 18th century [#permalink]

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A review of literature dating from before the 18th century indicated that references to trout tickling were common despite other methods of hunting trout, which were less accessible to the audience that was not familiar with modern fishing techniques.

A. that references to trout tickling were common despite other methods of hunting trout, which were less accessible to the audience that was not familiar
B. that references to trout tickling were common because other methods of hunting trout were less accessible to the audience, which was not familiar
C. that references to trout tickling were common because of other methods, which were less accessible to the trout-hunting audience that was not familiar
D. references to trout tickling were common despite other methods that were used to trout, which were less accessible to an audience unfamiliar
E. references to trout tickling were common because other methods of hunting trout were, to the audience, less accessible than those who were not familiar
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by gurpreetsingh on 22 May 2011, 09:47, edited 1 time in total.
Underlined !!

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Re: s.c. from 800 .com [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2011, 09:45
In such reported texts, the connector ‘that’ is necessary. Drop D and E.



A. that references to trout tickling were common despite other methods of ‘hunting trout, which were less accessible’ to the audience that was not familiar --- which – wrong modification

B. that references to trout tickling were common because other methods of hunting trout were less accessible to the audience, which was not familiar ---right choice


C. that references to trout tickling were common because of other methods, which were less accessible to ‘the trout-hunting’ audience that was not familiar ---The trout- hunting, though an awkward gerund, is till ok, but it should be hinged to the methods of hunting trout rather than the audience. To sweep in one shot those other methods rather than other methods of hunting trout, digresses from the main theme of the topic.
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Re: s.c. from 800 .com [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2011, 09:58
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daagh wrote:
In such reported texts, the connector ‘that’ is necessary. Drop D and E.



A. that references to trout tickling were common despite other methods of ‘hunting trout, which were less accessible’ to the audience that was not familiar --- which – wrong modification

B. that references to trout tickling were common because other methods of hunting trout were less accessible to the audience, which was not familiar ---right choice


C. that references to trout tickling were common because of other methods, which were less accessible to ‘the trout-hunting’ audience that was not familiar ---The trout- hunting, though an awkward gerund, is till ok, but it should be hinged to the methods of hunting trout rather than the audience. To sweep in one shot those other methods rather than other methods of hunting trout, digresses from the main theme of the topic.



which is not modifying 'hunting trout' , but 'methods of hunting trout'. In case of noun phrase the part of sentence after the preposition can be allowed.

The reason why B is better than A is the meaning. Despite used here distorts the meaning , thus the sentence A does not make any sense.

A=> A review of literature indicated that reference to TT were common despite other methods of hunting trout,which were less accessible to the audience that was not familiar..... > no sense

B=> A review of literature indicated that references to TT were common because other methods of hunting trout were less accessible to the audience, which was not familiar => better
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Re: s.c. from 800 .com [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2011, 11:58
+1 B

A is not clear about "despite other methods of hunting trout"; there is not clear where is the contradiction.
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Re: s.c. from 800 .com [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2011, 12:30
rojans wrote:
A review of literature dating from before the 18th century indicated that references to trout tickling were common despite other methods of hunting trout, which were less accessible to the audience that was not familiar with modern fishing techniques.

A. that references to trout tickling were common despite other methods of hunting trout, which were less accessible to the audience that was not familiar
B. that references to trout tickling were common because other methods of hunting trout were less accessible to the audience, which was not familiar
C. that references to trout tickling were common because of other methods, which were less accessible to the trout-hunting audience that was not familiar
D. references to trout tickling were common despite other methods that were used to trout, which were less accessible to an audience unfamiliar
E. references to trout tickling were common because other methods of hunting trout were, to the audience, less accessible than those who were not familiar


'Which' is the correct modifier in both cases. In "A" it modifies a "prep. phrase + noun" and in the second just the "noun". If you ahve any questions - look uk 'Thursdays with Ron' and the section dedicated on "which".

The key here is sense. The first sentence focuses on contradiction (despite) and second on explanation (because). Only answer "B" makes sense.

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Re: s.c. from 800 .com [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2011, 04:46
Picked E. But correct answer is B!

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Re: A review of literature dating from before the 18th century [#permalink]

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Re: A review of literature dating from before the 18th century [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 10:46
In B, it seems 'which' is modifying 'audience'.
Somewhere, I have come across that 'relative pronoun modifyer cannot jump over the preceding verb to modify the subject'. If so, 'which' cannot modify the subject 'methods of hunting trout'.

I may be wrong, if so, please correct me.

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A review of literature dating from before the 18th century [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2017, 11:29
The first word to watch out for is 'that' which acts as a connector.

Option D and E do not have that - eliminate

Option C
C. that references to trout tickling were common because of other methods, which were less accessible to the trout-hunting audience that was not familiar - references to trout tricking were common but NOT because of other methods -DISTORTED MEANING - Eliminate

This leaves us with A and B.

The clause modifying audience - not familiar with modern fishing techniques - is a non restrictive clause, and therefore should be preceded by a comma and which. This eliminates option A

We are left with B - the correct choice

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Re: A review of literature dating from before the 18th century [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2017, 02:11
can someone explain that in option B how come "which" is modifying "audience" ?

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Re: A review of literature dating from before the 18th century [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2017, 20:32
I was under the impression that we should use who/whom when we are referring to people. In A and B, does audience not refer to people? How is which a correct use here?

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Re: A review of literature dating from before the 18th century [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 07:54
HI mikemcgarry

Can you please help me in solving this question. In the correct answer B which is modifying the noun Audience.

According to my knowledge ony who or whom can modify people right?
correct me if I am wrong.

Thanks

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Re: A review of literature dating from before the 18th century [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 18:18
gauravraos wrote:
HI mikemcgarry

Can you please help me in solving this question. In the correct answer B which is modifying the noun Audience.

According to my knowledge ony who or whom can modify people right?
correct me if I am wrong.

Thanks

Dear gauravraos,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

There are a couple issues here.

First, yes, we should refer to individual people with "which" or "that." All individual people merit the modifier "who."

By contrast, when we are talking about a group or a collection of people, the individual character fades, and we regularly use "which" or "that."
the audience, which . . .
the Church that . . .
the Republican party, which . . .
the football team that . . .

Thus, it's no problem.

The bigger issue, my friend, is that you have a very rule-based understanding of grammar. Your very question gives evidence that you have spend more time learning grammar rules than you have forcing yourself to do outside reading. No non-native speaker can get to GMAT SC mastery purely by learning rules. To get to mastery, you have to develop the habit of reading. See;
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: A review of literature dating from before the 18th century   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2017, 18:18
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