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A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and

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A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 Apr 2019, 10:01
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 41, Date : 21-FEB-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and the rest of Nature active. Till quite recently Nature had her own sanctuaries, where man either did not go at all or only as a tool-using animal in comparatively small numbers. But now, in this machinery age, there is no place left where man cannot go with overwhelming forces at his command. He can strangle to death all the nobler wild life in the world to-day. To-morrow he certainly will have done so, unless he exercises due foresight and self-control in the mean time.

There is not the slightest doubt that birds and mammals are now being killed off much faster than they can breed. And it is always the largest and noblest forms of life that suffer most. The whales and elephants, lions and eagles, go.The rats and flies, and all mean parasites, remain. This is inevitable in certain cases. But it is wanton killing off that I am speaking of to-night. Civilized man begins by destroying the very forms of wild life he learns to appreciate most when he becomes still more civilized. The obvious remedy is to begin conservation at an earlier stage, when it is easier and better in every way, by enforcing laws for close seasons, game preserves, the selective protection of certain species, and sanctuaries.

I have just defined a sanctuary as a place where man is passive and the rest of Nature active. But this general definition is too absolute for any special case. The mere fact that man has to protect a sanctuary does away with his purely passive attitude. Then, he can be beneficially active by destroying pests and parasites, like bot-flies or mosquitoes, and by finding antidotes for diseases like the epidemic which periodically kills off the rabbits and thus starves many of the carnivora to death. But, except in cases where experiment has proved his intervention to be beneficial, the less he upsets the balance of Nature the better, even when he tries to be an earthly Providence.
1. The author implies that his first definition of a sanctuary is

A. totally wrong
B. somewhat idealistic
C. unhelpful
D. indefensible
E. immutable


2. The authors argument that destroying bot-flies and mosquitoes would be a beneficial action is most weakened by all of the following except

A. parasites have an important role to play in the regulation of populations
B. the elimination of any species can have unpredictable effects on the balance of nature
C. the pests themselves are part of the food chain
D. these insects have been introduced to the area by human activities
E. elimination of these insects would require the use of insecticides that kill a wide range of insects


3. It can be inferred that the passage is

A. part of an article in a scientific journal
B. extracted from the minutes of a nature club
C. part of a speech delivered to an educated audience
D. a speech delivered in a court of law
E. from a polemical article published in a magazine


4. The purpose of the final paragraph is

A. to sum up the main points of the authors argument
B. to urge a solution to an increasingly pressing problem
C. to qualify the authors definition of an important term
D. to propose a program
E. to suggest that man should not intervene in natural environments



Adapted from: Animal Sanctuaries in Labrador, W Wood (1911)

Source: Www.MajorTests.Com
Difficulty Level: 700

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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 03 Feb 2017, 05:45.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 08 Apr 2019, 10:01, edited 3 times in total.
Updated
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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2019, 10:16
2
Official Explanation


1. The author implies that his first definition of a sanctuary is

Difficulty Level: 600

Explanation

The author says in sentence two that his previous definition was too absolute. Yet he admits that the less man upsets the balance of Nature the better. Hence his definition is not entirely right (because it is too idealistic) but it is not entirely wrong either. It is now easy to eliminate answers A, C, D, and E because they are strongly negative.

Answer: B


2. The authors argument that destroying bot-flies and mosquitoes would be a beneficial action is most weakened by all of the following except

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

In except questions find the true statements first. In this case find four statements that weaken the idea that destroying pests is beneficial. That means finding statements that show that it is not a good idea to destroy the pests. Answers A, B, C, and E give reasons why destroying these insects might be a mistake. D, however, is the right answer because it suggests that eliminating these insects might not be wrong, since they are not even natural inhabitants of the area.

Answer: D


3. It can be inferred that the passage is

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

From the words "I am speaking of tonight" (line 15) we can infer that the words were delivered orally, and not during the day time. The only possible answer is C.

Answer: C


4. The purpose of the final paragraph is

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

The author is modifying or qualifying his earlier definition of a sanctuary. Examiners are fond of the word qualify as many students do not know this meaning of the word.

Answer: C


Hope it helps
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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 00:50
SajjadAhmad wrote:
A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and
the rest of Nature active. Till quite recently Nature had her
own sanctuaries, where man either did not go at all or only as
a tool-using animal in comparatively small numbers. But now, in
5 this machinery age, there is no place left where man cannot go
with overwhelming forces at his command. He can strangle to
death all the nobler wild life in the world to-day. To-morrow
he certainly will have done so, unless he exercises due
foresight and self-control in the mean time.

10 There is not the slightest doubt that birds and mammals are
now being killed off much faster than they can breed. And it
is always the largest and noblest forms of life that suffer
most. The whales and elephants, lions and eagles, go. The rats
and flies, and all mean parasites, remain. This is inevitable
15 in certain cases. But it is wanton killing off that I am
speaking of to-night. Civilized man begins by destroying
the very forms of wild life he learns to appreciate most when
he becomes still more civilized. The obvious remedy is to begin
conservation at an earlier stage, when it is easier and better
20 in every way, by enforcing laws for close seasons, game preserves,
the selective protection of certain species, and sanctuaries.

I have just defined a sanctuary as a place where man is passive
and the rest of Nature active. But this general definition is too
absolute for any special case. The mere fact that man has to
25 protect a sanctuary does away with his purely passive attitude.
Then, he can be beneficially active by destroying pests and
parasites, like bot-flies or mosquitoes, and by finding antidotes
for diseases like the epidemic which periodically kills off the
rabbits and thus starves many of the carnivora to death. But,
30 except in cases where experiment has proved his intervention to
be beneficial, the less he upsets the balance of Nature the
better, even when he tries to be an earthly Providence.

1. The author implies that his first definition of a sanctuary is

A. totally wrong
B. somewhat idealistic
C. unhelpful
D. indefensible
E. immutable

2. The author�s argument that destroying bot-flies and mosquitoes would be a beneficial action is most weakened by all of the following except

A. parasites have an important role to play in the regulation of populations
B. the elimination of any species can have unpredictable effects on the balance of nature
C. the pests themselves are part of the food chain
D. these insects have been introduced to the area by human activities
E. elimination of these insects would require the use of insecticides that kill a wide range of insects

3. It can be inferred that the passage is

A. part of an article in a scientific journal
B. extracted from the minutes of a nature club
C. part of a speech delivered to an educated audience
D. a speech delivered in a court of law
E. from a polemical article published in a magazine

4. The purpose of the final paragraph is

A. to sum up the main points of the author�s argument
B. to urge a solution to an increasingly pressing problem
C. to qualify the author�s definition of an important term
D. to propose a program
E. to suggest that man should not intervene in natural environments

Adapted from: Animal Sanctuaries in Labrador, W Wood (1911)


Can someone explain the 3 and 4th questions!
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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 07:22
2
Got last one wrong ..
3 correct
7 minutes 53 secs....
Last one , i thought he is summing up the idea... :(
Third question was really interesting ..
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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2018, 05:35
1
Formatted the Question
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New post 21 Feb 2019, 06:33
+1 Kudos to posts containing answer explanation of all questions
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New post 23 Feb 2019, 07:22
Hello Experts,
I am not able to find out the answer for the 4th question
. The purpose of the final paragraph is

A. to sum up the main points of the authors argument
No, the author is not summing up about the main points but he is talking about the definition again and says that human beings can help to implement a proven solution(with regards to their intervention).
B. to urge a solution to an increasingly pressing problem
Yes he talks about the solution but then he does not press upon the execution of solution instead in the last line he says that even is the human beings dont implement the solution then also it is fine.
C. to qualify the authors definition of an important term
Can't find out.

D. to propose a program
no program has been proposed.
E. to suggest that man should not intervene in natural environments
yes he says it to some extent but not explicitly
I have rejected the choices for the following reasons
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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2019, 09:57
apovit wrote:
Hello Experts,
I am not able to find out the answer for the 4th question
. The purpose of the final paragraph is

A. to sum up the main points of the authors argument
No, the author is not summing up about the main points but he is talking about the definition again and says that human beings can help to implement a proven solution(with regards to their intervention).
B. to urge a solution to an increasingly pressing problem
Yes he talks about the solution but then he does not press upon the execution of solution instead in the last line he says that even is the human beings dont implement the solution then also it is fine.
C. to qualify the authors definition of an important term
Can't find out.

D. to propose a program
no program has been proposed.
E. to suggest that man should not intervene in natural environments
yes he says it to some extent but not explicitly
I have rejected the choices for the following reasons


apovit: I am not an expert but i can give you my thought:
The author opened the passage by giving a definition about A sanctuary, and the last passage again talks about this to an extent, also gives some explanations for the limited of that definition. And by POE, there are no points in A,B,D mentioned. E is not a suggestion. => C is correct choice.
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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2019, 07:25
goforgmat wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and
the rest of Nature active. Till quite recently Nature had her
own sanctuaries, where man either did not go at all or only as
a tool-using animal in comparatively small numbers. But now, in
5 this machinery age, there is no place left where man cannot go
with overwhelming forces at his command. He can strangle to
death all the nobler wild life in the world to-day. To-morrow
he certainly will have done so, unless he exercises due
foresight and self-control in the mean time.

10 There is not the slightest doubt that birds and mammals are
now being killed off much faster than they can breed. And it
is always the largest and noblest forms of life that suffer
most. The whales and elephants, lions and eagles, go. The rats
and flies, and all mean parasites, remain. This is inevitable
15 in certain cases. But it is wanton killing off that I am
speaking of to-night. Civilized man begins by destroying
the very forms of wild life he learns to appreciate most when
he becomes still more civilized. The obvious remedy is to begin
conservation at an earlier stage, when it is easier and better
20 in every way, by enforcing laws for close seasons, game preserves,
the selective protection of certain species, and sanctuaries.

I have just defined a sanctuary as a place where man is passive
and the rest of Nature active. But this general definition is too
absolute for any special case. The mere fact that man has to
25 protect a sanctuary does away with his purely passive attitude.
Then, he can be beneficially active by destroying pests and
parasites, like bot-flies or mosquitoes, and by finding antidotes
for diseases like the epidemic which periodically kills off the
rabbits and thus starves many of the carnivora to death. But,
30 except in cases where experiment has proved his intervention to
be beneficial, the less he upsets the balance of Nature the
better, even when he tries to be an earthly Providence.

1. The author implies that his first definition of a sanctuary is

A. totally wrong
B. somewhat idealistic
C. unhelpful
D. indefensible
E. immutable

2. The author�s argument that destroying bot-flies and mosquitoes would be a beneficial action is most weakened by all of the following except

A. parasites have an important role to play in the regulation of populations
B. the elimination of any species can have unpredictable effects on the balance of nature
C. the pests themselves are part of the food chain
D. these insects have been introduced to the area by human activities
E. elimination of these insects would require the use of insecticides that kill a wide range of insects

3. It can be inferred that the passage is

A. part of an article in a scientific journal
B. extracted from the minutes of a nature club
C. part of a speech delivered to an educated audience
D. a speech delivered in a court of law
E. from a polemical article published in a magazine

4. The purpose of the final paragraph is

A. to sum up the main points of the author�s argument
B. to urge a solution to an increasingly pressing problem
C. to qualify the author�s definition of an important term
D. to propose a program
E. to suggest that man should not intervene in natural environments

Adapted from: Animal Sanctuaries in Labrador, W Wood (1911)


Can someone explain the 3 and 4th questions!


I will try to explain 3rd questions (Since I didn't answer the 4th correctly).

3. It can be inferred that the passage is

A. part of an article in a scientific journal
B. extracted from the minutes of a nature club
C. part of a speech delivered to an educated audience
D. a speech delivered in a court of law
E. from a polemical article published in a magazine

We are asked to guess the passage type based on its tone, content and delivery style. Lets start with POE.

A. part of an article in a scientific journal - Scientific journal article are factual with data/study evidences and generally written in passive voice. given para doesn't qualify for that.
B. extracted from the minutes of a nature club - Minutes refer to summary and para is not a summary and also only mention one subject (the writer)
C. Given the structure and delivery style - this looks most appropriate so possible option.
D. a speech delivered in a court of law - No legal term mentioned so irrelevant
E. from a polemical article published in a magazine - Again the tone (e.g. I have just defined a sanctuary as a place where man is passive and the rest of Nature active. But this general definition is too
absolute for any special case), so not of a published article.
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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2019, 11:44
Can someone explain the Q2. TIA.
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New post 17 May 2019, 03:37
Could you explain the answer for question 3 as C and not e

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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2019, 21:46
Q3
Below is a line from the passage in para 2
'is is inevitable in certain cases. But it is wanton killing off that I am speaking of to-night. '
Thus we know he is addressing some kind of audience. Thus either C or D. Now there is nothing related to law or court mentioned in the passage. However from the language used we understand that he is addressing an educated group. Hence C

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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2019, 22:09
Q2- We need to choose the answer which does not weaken the argument that destroying pests is a good thing

All except D say weaken the argument by providing some information about ways in which pest are important.


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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2019, 13:08
SajjadAhmad
Please explain the meaning of the word qualify -- a subtle difference is prone to errors
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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2019, 23:51
Hello Midhilesh489

There are three paragraphs in the passage:

In the 1st Para author has introduced the topic, in the 2nd para author provides details about the topic and in the 3rd para the author proving himself to be succeeded in what he introduced in 1st para and detailed in 2nd para. So word qualifying means is that author was in right position about the topic (sanctuary) and he or she also provided some more facts and details about his or her position to be right.

Hope it helps

Midhilesh489 wrote:
SajjadAhmad
Please explain the meaning of the word qualify -- a subtle difference is prone to errors

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Re: A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2019, 23:51
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