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Director  D
Joined: 19 Oct 2018
Posts: 961
Location: India
a=x/y, such that "a' is a fraction written in lowest terms and 0<a<1.  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 73% (01:34) correct 27% (02:05) wrong based on 11 sessions

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$$a=\frac{x}{y}$$, such that "a' is a fraction written in lowest terms and $$0<a<1$$. Also, x+y=100. How many values of 'a' are possible.

A. 15
B. 18
C. 20
D. 25
E. 30
Intern  B
Joined: 17 Jun 2019
Posts: 34
Location: Israel
GPA: 3.95
WE: Engineering (Computer Hardware)
Re: a=x/y, such that "a' is a fraction written in lowest terms and 0<a<1.  [#permalink]

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1
since 0<a<1 we learn that x<y ==> combined with x+y=100 we get x=1,...,49 and y=99,...,50
there are 50 fractions we can create.
there are 25 pairs of (x,y) which are both even, therefore not at their lowest term form
there are 5 more pairs where x=10*k+5, such that we count all multiples of 5 but not the multiple of 10.
multiples of 3 are out of sync, so does the rest of the multiples of primes.
so we get 50-25-5=20.

please let me know if you agree with my solution.
Senior Manager  P
Joined: 30 Sep 2017
Posts: 379
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40 GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Real Estate)
Re: a=x/y, such that "a' is a fraction written in lowest terms and 0<a<1.  [#permalink]

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a=x/y where 0<a<1 and a is a fraction written in lowest terms. Since x+y=100 and logically x<y, there are max. 50 combinations of x and y:
x=1,2,...,50
y=51,52,...,100

If both x and y are even (there are 25 combinations of x and y that are both even), x/y can NOT be written in lowest term, e.g. x/y=2/98, 4/94,..., 48/52, 50/50.

If both x and y are multiples of 5 (there are 5 combinations of x and y that are multiples of 5), x/y can NOT be written in lowest term, e.g. x/y=5/95, 15/85,..., 45/55.

Rest of the (x, y) combinations can be written in the lowest term. No of possible values of 'a' = 50 - 25 - 5 = 20.

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Director  D
Joined: 19 Oct 2018
Posts: 961
Location: India
a=x/y, such that "a' is a fraction written in lowest terms and 0<a<1.  [#permalink]

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almogsr Your solution is perfect.

There is a short-cut to find the co-primes of 100 that are less than 50

Totient(x)= $$x*(1-\frac{1}{a})(1-\frac{1}{b})$$....., where a,b are prime factors of x
totient(50)=$$50*(1-\frac{1}{2})(1-\frac{1}{5})$$=$$50*\frac{1}{2}*\frac{4}{5}$$=20

almogsr wrote:
since 0<a<1 we learn that x<y ==> combined with x+y=100 we get x=1,...,49 and y=99,...,50
there are 50 fractions we can create.
there are 25 pairs of (x,y) which are both even, therefore not at their lowest term form
there are 5 more pairs where x=10*k+5, such that we count all multiples of 5 but not the multiple of 10.
multiples of 3 are out of sync, so does the rest of the multiples of primes.
so we get 50-25-5=20.

please let me know if you agree with my solution. a=x/y, such that "a' is a fraction written in lowest terms and 0<a<1.   [#permalink] 16 Sep 2019, 19:02
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a=x/y, such that "a' is a fraction written in lowest terms and 0<a<1.

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