GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 28 Jan 2020, 04:27

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 60708
Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2019, 03:05
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (01:13) correct 58% (00:49) wrong based on 101 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Competition Mode Question

Although most large public relations firms can afford to run information technology centers in-house, some niche firms are discovering that the cost associated with maintaining an information technology staff and from continuously improving hardware and software are larger than they initially estimated.

(A) cost associated with
(B) costs associated from
(C) costs associated with
(D) cost arising from
(E) costs arising from

_________________
VP
Joined: 24 Nov 2016
Posts: 1129
Location: United States
Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 09 Dec 2019, 04:27
Quote:
Although most large public relations firms can afford to run information technology centers in-house, some niche firms are discovering that the cost associated with maintaining an information technology staff and from continuously improving hardware and software are larger than they initially estimated.

(A) cost associated with
(B) costs associated from
(C) costs associated with
(D) cost arising from
(E) costs arising from

MEANING: The costs [plural] 'arising from' maintaining and 'from' improving hardware are [plural] larger than estimated.

Ans (E)

Originally posted by exc4libur on 06 Dec 2019, 05:01.
Last edited by exc4libur on 09 Dec 2019, 04:27, edited 1 time in total.
Director
Joined: 18 May 2019
Posts: 665
Re: Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2019, 08:07
1
E is the answer in my view.

We can eliminate options A and D for subject-verb agreement error. The plural verb are requires a plural subject costs.
On the basis of parallelism, we can eliminate options B and C. We cannot say costs associated from continuously improving hardware and software. The preposition from does not go with associated. However, the preposition from goes with arising. Arising from is idiomatic and sensical. So we have costs arising from maintaining an information technology staff and costs arising from continuously improving hardwre and software parallel.

Although most large public relations firms can afford to run information technology centers in-house, some niche firms are discovering that the cost associated with maintaining an information technology staff and from continuously improving hardware and software are larger than they initially estimated.

(A) cost associated with
(B) costs associated from
(C) costs associated with
(D) cost arising from
(E) costs arising from
Manager
Joined: 07 Sep 2019
Posts: 116
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Marketing, Strategy
WE: Brand Management (Consumer Products)
Re: Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2019, 10:17
1
(E) is correct.

... that the cost costs associated arising with from maintaining an information technology staff and from continuously improving hardware and software are larger than they initially estimated.

- To maintain the parallel "from continuously improving" in the non-underlined part, we must have a choice with prep "from" --> A and C out
- "associated from" is unidiomatic --> B out
- There are two types of cost here, so it must be "costs" --> D out
_________________
--- One day you will thank yourself for not giving up ---
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2018
Posts: 489
Re: Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2019, 19:35
1
“... that the costs ... are larger than they...” — correct one

—> we can’t use “associated with ...”. Because —> associated with... and from .... —WRONG

... that the costs arising from... and from.. — CORRECT

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Status: Student
Joined: 14 Jul 2019
Posts: 151
Location: United States
Concentration: Accounting, Finance
GPA: 3.9
WE: Education (Accounting)
Re: Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2019, 20:50
1
Although most large public relations firms can afford to run information technology centers in-house, some niche firms are discovering that the cost associated with maintaining an information technology staff and from continuously improving hardware and software are larger than they initially estimated.

(A) cost associated with
(B) costs associated from
(C) costs associated with
(D) cost arising from
(E) costs arising from

The verb 'are' requires a plural subject, so costs will be right. To maintain parallelism we need to choose from, not with. associated with the right idiom, not associated from. IMHO E is the OA.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 18 Aug 2017
Posts: 5739
Location: India
Concentration: Sustainability, Marketing
GPA: 4
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 09 Dec 2019, 00:35
IMO E: costs arising from
is correct

Although most large public relations firms can afford to run information technology centers in-house, some niche firms are discovering that the [url]cost associated with[/url] maintaining an information technology staff and from continuously improving hardware and software are larger than they initially estimated.

(A) cost associated with
(B) costs associated from
(C) costs associated with
(D) cost arising from
(E) costs arising from

Originally posted by Archit3110 on 07 Dec 2019, 02:10.
Last edited by Archit3110 on 09 Dec 2019, 00:35, edited 1 time in total.
Intern
Joined: 23 Aug 2019
Posts: 2
Re: Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Dec 2019, 07:56
1
Although most large public relations firms can afford to run information technology centers in-house, some niche firms are discovering that the cost associated with maintaining an information technology staff and from continuously improving hardware and software are larger than they initially estimated.

(A) cost associated with
(B) costs associated from
(C) costs associated with
(D) cost arising from
(E) costs arising from

First, "and from continuously improving hardware and software" must have parallel structure, that's why, A and C are out;
Second, "are larger than they initially estimated" (Verb) is plural that's why we have to choose plural form of Subject, D is out;
And the last, "associated from" is unidiomatic - B is out.

Senior Manager
Joined: 01 Mar 2019
Posts: 406
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Social Entrepreneurship
Schools: Ross '22, ISB '20, NUS '20
GPA: 4
Re: Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Dec 2019, 18:00
1
(A) cost associated with......with X and from Y .....not parallel
(B) costs associated from...alters meaning
(C) costs associated with.....not parallel
(D) cost arising from......cost is singular....incorrect
(E) costs arising from.....correct

OA:E

Posted from my mobile device
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 60708
Re: Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Dec 2019, 23:41
Bunuel wrote:

Competition Mode Question

Although most large public relations firms can afford to run information technology centers in-house, some niche firms are discovering that the cost associated with maintaining an information technology staff and from continuously improving hardware and software are larger than they initially estimated.

(A) cost associated with
(B) costs associated from
(C) costs associated with
(D) cost arising from
(E) costs arising from

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

There are two major problems with this sentence.

(1) The subject (cost, which is singular) and verb (are, which is plural) do not agree. Since multiple costs are being discussed and the verb, which appears outside the underlined part of the sentence, is plural, the subject needs to be plural as well.

(2) Two parallel parts of the sentence are not parallel. associated with...and from is not a parallel phrase. Since from occurs outside the underlined part of the sentence, associated with should be replaced by arising from. With this change, the sentence will be parallel: costs arising from x...and from y.

A. The subject (cost, which is singular) does not agree with the verb (are, which is plural); the phrase associated with ... from is not parallel
B. The costs associated from is awkward and not idiomatically correct
C. The phrase associated with ... from is not parallel
D. The subject (cost, which is singular) does not agree with the verb (are, which is plural)
E. The subject (costs, which is plural) correctly agrees with the verb (are, which is plural); the phrase arising from maintaining ... and from continuously upgrading is parallel
_________________
Re: Although most large public relations firms can afford to run informati   [#permalink] 08 Dec 2019, 23:41
Display posts from previous: Sort by