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    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics

Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in

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Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Aug 2018, 01:31
1
5
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (00:58) correct 25% (01:15) wrong based on 296 sessions

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Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in the House of Representatives, significant revision is to be expected if it is to be passed.


A. significant revision is to be expected if it is to be passed.

B. they do not expect it passing without significant revision.

C. they do not expect it passing without it being significantly revised.

D. it is not expected to be passed without being significantly revised.

E. it is not expected to pass without significant revision.


Very confused between D and E. The second clause is in passive, it is not expected.... and thus the infinitive should be used in passive form - to be passed. No?

Experts, please help...thanks!

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CR notes
http://gmatclub.com/forum/massive-collection-of-verbal-questions-sc-rc-and-cr-106195.html#p832142
http://gmatclub.com/forum/1001-ds-questions-file-106193.html#p832133
http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-critical-reasoning-collection-106783.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html?hilit=chineseburned


Originally posted by catfreak on 30 Aug 2012, 22:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 13 Aug 2018, 01:31, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2012, 23:50
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Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in the House of representatives,significant revision is to be expected if it is to be passed.

Reduces to : Although New Legislation is being considered,................................. ( Now what should follow logically ?)

Scanning the options :

D) it is not expected to be passed .....................

E) it is not expected to pass ................................

Guess Nothing is wrong gramatically bxn B & E : lets remove the NOT n recheck :

1. SKM is.............expected to score Q 51..................

2. SKM is ............expected to be scored Q 51..............

If one is forced to choose bxn the 2 = guess 1 ( Concisely conveys the intent ) ; So CONCISION wins

Leading to E , my take
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Re: Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2012, 11:14
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catfreak wrote:
Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in the House of representatives,significant revision is to be expected if it is to be passed.

A) significant revision is to be expected if it is to be passed.
B) they do not expect it passing without significant revision.
C) they do not expect it passing without it being significantly revised.
D) it is not expected to be passed without being significantly revised.
E) it is not expected to pass without significant revision.

OA - E.


Very confused between D and E. The second clause is in passive, it is not expected.... and thus the infinitive should be used in passive form - to be passed. No?

Experts, please help...thanks!


You don't have to use the passive voice with "to pass" in that construction. The verb in the clause is "is (not) expected", so we just need an object to follow the verb. It's not expected to what? Not expected "to pass". Another example: "I am not expected to drive to the party." - gramatically correct.

There is a slight meaning difference between the 2 constructions however. It's better demonstrated in my simple example. "I am not expected to drive to the party" implies that I would be doing the driving. "I am not expected to be driven to the party" implies that someone else will be driving me.

On this example, it doesn't look like the meaning issue is a decision point, but it will be on the actual GMAT. Be aware of these subtle meaning differences and choose the option that matches the author's true intent.

A little bonus tip - on the GMAT, the word "being" is almost never used in correct answer choices.

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Re: Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 06:03
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mikemcgarry and other experts

Also is passive construction always a no no in GMAT sentence correction questions or only when there is a better option available? In what all cases can we use passive construction?

The correct option: "it is not expected ..........revision" is an independent clause. Can an independent clause be correct if it starts with a pronoun as there will be no antecedent in that clause for that pronoun? Especially when a sentence starts with a possessive pronoun.


Thanks
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Re: Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2017, 08:59
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Shiv2016 wrote:
GMATNinja
mikemcgarry and other experts

Also is passive construction always a no no in GMAT sentence correction questions or only when there is a better option available? In what all cases can we use passive construction?

The correct option: "it is not expected ..........revision" is an independent clause. Can an independent clause be correct if it starts with a pronoun as there will be no antecedent in that clause for that pronoun? Especially when a sentence starts with a possessive pronoun.

Thanks

Dear Shiv2016,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

First, let's be clear about one thing. The GMAT SC is not simply a test a grammar. Instead, the GMAT SC is a test of grammar, logic, and rhetoric. The GMAT loves to punish students who focus exclusively on grammar, ignoring logic and rhetoric.

Second point: the passive voice is grammatically correct 100% of the time. Many students misunderstand this: using the passive voice is NEVER a grammatical error. The problem with the passive lies in rhetoric.
1) Last year, I taught a seminar on astronomy. = powerful, concise, direct.
2) Last year, a seminar on astronomy was taught by me. = wordy, awkward, lily-livered.
Both are 100% grammatically correct, but the first is a far more effective sentence.

It's not that the passive is always wrong or should only be used if all else fails. The passive is quite appropriate, for example, when we don't know and don't care about the doers of the action. Here, we don't know who is doing the "expecting"---those people, whoever they are, are outside of this sentence and not important to what the sentence is conveying. This is why the passive is a good choice here.

Also, notice that the passive tends to be a little more awkward if the verb is actually an "doing" verb, a verb describing some concrete tangible real world action. When I run, walk, talk, buy, sell, move, etc. I am doing something active in the world; other people can see these actions taking place. Here, the verb is "to expect," what I might call a mental verb. When I expect something, this process is taking place purely in my head: someone standing next to me may not even know that it's happening! The less "active" a verb is, the less it demands the active voice over the passive voice.

Now, let's talk about the pronoun. This is something called the "empty it" or or the "placeholder it." See:
The Empty ‘It’ on the GMAT Sentence Correction
When the real subject of the sentence is some kind of phrase or clause, such as an infinitive phrase or participial phrase or substantive clause, then one standard construction in English is:
it [verb][phrase or clause]
The word "it" in this context is not the real subject: it simply holds the place of the real subject, which follows the verb.

Here, (E) has:
. . . it is not expected to pass without significant revision.
The real subject is the infinitive phrase "to pass without significant revision." It would be very awkward to put this before the verb, so the "empty it" construction allows us to rearrange the sentence into a more elegant form.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 01:33
catfreak wrote:
Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in the House of Representatives, significant revision is to be expected if it is to be passed.


A. significant revision is to be expected if it is to be passed.

B. they do not expect it passing without significant revision.

C. they do not expect it passing without it being significantly revised.

D. it is not expected to be passed without being significantly revised.

E. it is not expected to pass without significant revision.


Very confused between D and E. The second clause is in passive, it is not expected.... and thus the infinitive should be used in passive form - to be passed. No?

Experts, please help...thanks!



KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



The underlined portion of the sentence contains two passive constructions: is to be expected and is to be passed. Since we don't know who expects significant revision to be necessary, we can't eliminate the passive voice entirely unless we add a subject. (C) tries to do this but there's no indication in the original sentence that "farmers" are doing the expecting, and the final will be passed is the wrong tense for a phrase beginning with if in this context. (B) also adds a subject, but they is grammatically incorrect here since we have no idea who they might be. Of the remaining choices, none is grammatically incorrect, but (A) and (D) have two passive constructions while (E) only has one. The stylistic superiority of (E), plus the fact that it is grammatically correct, makes (E) the right answer.
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Re: Although new farm subsidy legislation is presently being considered in &nbs [#permalink] 13 Aug 2018, 01:33
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