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Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China

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Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 27 Sep 2018, 03:34
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Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.


(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half

(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year

(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s

(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs

(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year

Originally posted by unplugged on 13 Feb 2009, 09:36.
Last edited by Bunuel on 27 Sep 2018, 03:34, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2009, 14:46
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Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.

(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half------- its not the previous year's costs but the present year's costs that are cut in half.
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year---- correct
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s-----SV agreement
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs------ambigous "it"
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year ---------wrong comparison that should be those
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Mar 2010, 02:56
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(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year

Answer B

Let me try...

A and D are using wrong "cut in half" wrong construction so they are out.
C is using "cost were" so it is out (subject/verb)
E is using "that of the previous year" for referring to "costs" it should be "those of the previous year"
We are left with B, which don't have any of the above issue


Hope this helps.
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Originally posted by mustdoit on 09 Mar 2010, 03:47.
Last edited by mustdoit on 10 Mar 2010, 02:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2012, 22:19
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I don't quite understand what you mean by A and D are out because of "previous year's costs". There is nothing wrong with using previous year's costs.

(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half
The problem in A is with doubled and were. They are not parallel after the marker "while"

(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year
CORRECT.

(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s
The problem in C is the change in meaning. The sentence uses "as" which is a comparator and not really a time indicator. In the original sentence, while was used to indicate the timeframe of occurence of events which is eliminated in this sentence.

(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs
Same problem as C.

(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year
Same problem as A. X while Y the verbs should be parallel. Doubled while cutting is more parallel than doubled while costs. In the latter we are comparing doubled (a participle) with costs (a noun)
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2013, 07:37
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Thedevils88 wrote:
95. Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.
(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year

I know which answer is correct, however i do not understand the underlying principle. Please explain it to me. Help is much appreciated. Thanks


I`m stronger on quant than I am on verbal, but see my comments in red below for my take on it. (B) is the only sentence that does not require correction.

(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut to half
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half of the previous year’s
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while it cut in half the previous year’s costs (bad sentence structure)
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half those of the previous year

Another note is that "as" creates dependency. The cost is not dependent on the yield, it is dependent on the mechanization of farming.
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2013, 07:49
CarlMtl wrote:
Thedevils88 wrote:
95. Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.
(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year

I know which answer is correct, however i do not understand the underlying principle. Please explain it to me. Help is much appreciated. Thanks


I`m stronger on quant than I am on verbal, but see my comments in red below for my take on it. (B) is the only sentence that does not require correction.

(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut to half
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half of the previous year’s
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while it cut in half the previous year’s costs (bad sentence structure)
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half those of the previous year

Another note is that "as" creates dependency. The cost is not dependent on the yield, it is dependent on the mechanization of farming.


kudos for that! Could you also explain something else to me please? I know that 'mechanization of farming ...' is a complete sentence and it is connected the subordinate clause 'while cutting costs...'. What I want to know is what kind of phrase 'cutting costs...' is? Do I just take it for fact that it is just a correct way to say what it was intended in English? Thanks!
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2013, 08:10
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Thedevils88 wrote:
95. Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.
(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year

I know which answer is correct, however i do not understand the underlying principle. Please explain it to me. Help is much appreciated. Thanks


Hi Thedevils88,

For the sake of understanding lets remove the prepositional phrases.

Although some officials noted that using machines costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the [u]mechanization doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.

(A) mechanization doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half

The meaning implied in this sentence is incorrect. "while the previous year's costs were cut in half" means that the previous year's costs were cut in half but, no comparison is made to this year's costs. This meaning is clearly expressed in (B). It is not clear that which year's costs is the sentence talking about. Moreover, "cut to half" would be better than "cut in half"

(B) mechanization doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year

Expresses a clear comparison and correctly and concisely.

(C) mechanization doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s

In this choice as well, the meaning implied in incorrect. This choice means that "mechanization" was a result of costs being cut in half. However, the meaning of the sentence should be the opposite.

(D) mechanization doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs

unambiguous "it". "it" could refer to either "mechanization" or "corn yield"

(E) mechanization doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year

The use of "while" distorts the meaning. This choice incorrectly states that "cutting of costs" was not because of "mechanization" but "cut to half" just like that.

eg John went to Cornell, while Mary went to Yale.


Hope it helps,

Vercules
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2013, 08:24
A) This choice is incorrect for the same reason cited in Choice E

B) Correct and concise choice.

C) S-V disagreement cost …were. This choice also wrong because it changes intended meaning. We know there are two consequences of mechanization 1. it doubled the corn yield. 2. cut the costs to half. Wrong use of as changes the intended meaning and implies that mechanization doubled the corn yield because decrease in costs, while the intended meaning is mechanization doubled corn yield without increase in costs.

D) This choice is also wrong for the same reasons cited in Choice C

E) Here is parallelism error. Two consequences of single action should be in a form x has done y while doing z. The passive structure costs were cut…. is not parallel to doubled the corn yield. In this choice costs……that of is also wrong. It should be costs ....those of.

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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2016, 10:14
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In the above question , Choice E
"farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year"
Although choice E is wrong for other reasons, my particular doubt is in costs were cut to half that of the previous year
can "that" be used to refer to a noun plural?will it be considered right?
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2016, 12:30
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goforgmat wrote:
chetan2u
sayantanc2k

In the above question , Choice E
"farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year"
Although choice E is wrong for other reasons, my particular doubt is in costs were cut to half that of the previous year
can "that" be used to refer to a noun plural?will it be considered right?


:-D I too had this query for a long time. Finally I discovered numerous instances in OG13 itself where "that" has been used to refer to plural antecedent. Therefore, we can safely say that in GMAT, "that" can refer to plural antecedent.
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2016, 11:41
95. Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.


(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half -- how can an action of present affect the cost of the past ? Logicaly incorrect.
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year- No Mistake here , meaning is crisp , grammar is perfect.
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’sas cost were? cost is singular
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs what does it refer to?
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year-- costs is plural so it needs a plural referant those
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2017, 01:46
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I am afraid that this topic is suspect in terms of logic.
1. The first part says that mechanized farming costs more than traditional farming. In the next breath, it says costs have reduced to half by mechanization.
This year, If mechanization cost me 150 fifty rupees, some 50 rupees more than the 100 rupees that I spend for traditional method, the cost goes up but not cut by half.
Let us not confuse the cost of cultivation with yield. Corn yield doubled means, the grain yield went up from, say, some 100 kegs to 200 kgs. However, It does not automatically mean that the costs were cut to half.
Nor can we say that the eventual effective cost this year is half of the original cost, due to the doubled yield. This will happen only when the absolute cost remains the same as that of the traditional method. But, mechanization has increased the absolute cost, the topic says in the first part.
This topic does not seem to convey ant sensible meaning because all the choices say that the costs were cut to half.
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China  [#permalink]

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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China &nbs [#permalink] 27 Sep 2018, 03:04
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