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# Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers

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Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
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Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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09 May 2012, 13:27
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Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers of most corporations is the Line belief that environmental regulations affect all competitors in a given industry uniformly. In reality, regulatory costs—and therefore compliance—fall unevenly, economically disadvantaging some companies and benefiting others. For example, a plant situated near a number of larger non-compliant competitors is less likely to attract the attention of local regulators than is an isolated plant, and less attention means lower costs. Additionally, large plants can spread compliance costs such as waste treatment across a larger revenue base; on the other hand, some smaller plants may not even be subject to certain provisions such as permit or reporting requirements by virtue of their size. Finally, older production technologies often continue to generate toxic wastes that were not regulated when the technology was first adopted. New regulations have imposed extensive compliance costs on companies still using older industrial coal-fired burners that generate high sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide outputs, for example, whereas new facilities generally avoid processes that would create such waste products. By realizing that they have discretion and that not all industries are affected equally by environmental regulation, environmental managers can help their companies to achieve a competitive edge by anticipating regulatory pressure and exploring all possibilities for addressing how changing regulations will affect their companies specifically.
It can be inferred from the passage that a large plant might have to spend more than a similar but smaller plant on environmental compliance because the larger plant is
(A) more likely to attract attention from local regulators
(B) less likely to be exempt from permit and reporting requirements
(C) less likely to have regulatory costs passed on to it by companies that supply its raw materials
(D) more likely to employ older production technologies
(E) more likely to generate wastes that are more environmentally damaging than those generated by smaller plants

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

According to the passage, which of the following statements about sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide outputs is true?
(A) Older production technologies cannot be adapted so as to reduce production of these outputs as waste products.
(B) Under the most recent environmental regulations, industrial plants are no longer permitted to produce these outputs.
(C) Although these outputs are environmentally hazardous, some plants still generate them as waste products despite the high compliance cost they impose.
(D) Many older plants have developed innovative technological processes that reduce the amounts of these outputs generated as waste products.
(E) Since the production processes that generate these outputs are less costly than alternative processes, these less expensive processes are sometimes adopted despite their acknowledged environmental hazards.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Which of the following best describes the relationship of the statement about large plants (lines 18-26) to the passage as a whole?
(A) It presents a hypothesis that is disproved later in the passage.
(B) It highlights an opposition between two ideas mentioned in the passage.
(C) It provides examples to support a claim made earlier in the passage.
(D) It exemplifies a misconception mentioned earlier in the passage.
(E) It draws an analogy between two situations described in the passage.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

The primary purpose of the passage is to
(B) illustrate varying levels of compliance with environmental regulation among different corporations
(C) describe the various alternatives to traditional methods of environmental management
(D) advocate increased corporate compliance with environmental regulation
(E) correct a common misconception about the impact of environmental regulations

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

Last edited by bb on 30 Jan 2017, 23:34, edited 1 time in total.
Updated Topic and OAs

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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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09 May 2012, 13:40
I initially picked B, but after reading the passage again, changed my mind into A.
My reasoning is like this.
If older production technologies can be adapted to reduce production of sulfur dioxide, who doesn't modify thier production when there is a regulation that imposes extensive compliance costs on companies that generate sulfur dioxide? In other words, the regulation affects older productions and new production evenly because older production can modify their production. However, since older production cannot be adapted to reduce production of sulfur dioxide, the older production is disadvenataged by the regulation just as the passage explained.

To be sure, I looked up this question and found a lot of people insist the answer for this Q is C.
I can see why those people picked C.

I'd like to hear people's opinions on this issue.

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Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2012, 15:21
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Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers of most corporations is the belief that environmental regulations affect all competitors in a given industry uniformly. In reality, regulatory costs—and therefore compliance—fall unevenly, economically disadvantaging some companies and benefiting others. For example, a plant situated near a number of larger non-compliant competitors is less likely to attract the attention of local regulators than is an isolated plant, and less attention means lower costs.
Additionally, large plants can spread compliance costs such as waste treatment across a larger revenue base; on the other hand, some smaller plants may not even be subject to certain provisions such as permit or reporting requirements by virtue of their size. Finally, older production technologies often continue to generate toxic wastes that were not regulated when the technology was first adopted. New regulations have imposed extensive compliance costs on companies still using older industrial coal-fired burners that generate high sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide outputs, for example, whereas new facilities generally avoid processes that would create such waste products. By realizing that they have discretion and that not all industries are affected equally by environmental regulation, environmental managers can help their companies to achieve a competitive edge by anticipating regulatory pressure and exploring all possibilities for addressing how changing regulations will affect their companies specifically.
52. It can be inferred from the passage that a large plant might have to spend more than a similar but smaller plant on environmental compliance because the larger plant is
(A) more likely to attract attention from local regulators
(B) less likely to be exempt from permit and reporting requirements
(C) less likely to have regulatory costs passed on to it by companies that supply its raw materials
(D) more likely to employ older production technologies
(E) more likely to generate wastes that are more environmentally damaging than those generated by smaller plants

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

54. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the statement about large plants ("Additionally . . . of their size") to the passage as a whole?
(A) It presents a hypothesis that is disproved later in the passage.
(B) It highlights an opposition between two ideas mentioned in the passage.
(C) It provides examples to support a claim made earlier in the passage.
(D) It exemplifies a misconception mentioned earlier in the passage.
(E) It draws an analogy between two situations described in the passage.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

55. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(B) illustrate varying levels of compliance with environmental regulation among different corporations
(C) describe the various alternatives to traditional methods of environmental management
(D) advocate increased corporate compliance with environmental regulation
(E) correct a common misconception about the impact of environmental regulations

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2012, 12:54
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Please use spoiler while posting OAs in all your posts as a revealed answer can demotivate others to think in all direction. This'll fetch you better explanation as well.

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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2012, 05:29
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My take BDE , cant understand why its C for the 2nd ,as the passage starts with Among the myths taken as...... In reality....., so actually its clarifying a misconception. A myth is different from the reality and hence i thought its a misconception.
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2012, 14:14
in 6:49 mins. My take BCE.
1st Question: Line 22-24 gives us the clue. B is correct
For 2nd Question Line 10 gives us the clue. It is listing few examples...So option C is correct here.
3rd one: Pretty evident from the opening sentence. E is correct
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 13:21
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SOURH7WK wrote:
in 6:49 mins. My take BCE.
1st Question: Line 22-24 gives us the clue. B is correct
For 2nd Question Line 10 gives us the clue. It is listing few examples...So option C is correct here.
3rd one: Pretty evident from the opening sentence. E is correct

Hi, I got confused in the last question between B and E and ended up choosing B. although E looks straight can you please explain why not B.

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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2013, 07:21
same here ... i went for A ... I know even C is right ... but why is A wrong??

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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2013, 21:36
very easy passage but the question is hard.

A
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2013, 17:22
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Not B because the passage refers to variations in firms' levels of compliance with environmental regulations, but its primary purpose isn't to illustrate those varying levels, nor does it do so.

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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2013, 14:14
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All correct...within 6mins!

I hope there are no more open ended questions on this passage. If yes, would love to discuss and clear em!
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2013, 20:41
This is a passage from OG 13. Everyone can check the page 388. OA here is C. The passage only mentions that new regulations have imposed extensive compliance costs and that old burners still generate SO2 and NO, this is the idea of C. We can find in nowhere whether these burners can be adapted to meet the new requirements. Hence, A is out.
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2014, 22:05
All correct..!! in 6 mins ..!! seems a bit tough..what should be the difficulty level of this passage ??Any idea ?IMO-650
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2014, 20:25
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8 mins :BCE
I thought the second one was confusing, was calculating the lines. then thought it is copied from somewhere else.. so surely it is not going to match.
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2014, 21:42
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8 mins .. all correct
Got stuck in the second question for 2:00 mins
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2014, 21:08
Can anyone answer the below question?. it is based on the same passage

It can be inferred from the passage that a large plant might have to spend more than a similar but smaller plant on environmental compliance because the larger plant is

(A) more likely to attract attention from local regulators
(B) less likely to be exempt from permit and reporting requirements
(C) less likely to have regulatory costs passed on to it by companies that supply its raw materials
(D) more likely to employ older production technologies
(E) more likely to generate wastes that are more environmentally damaging than those generated by smaller plants
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2014, 09:29
Well, let me try..

Additionally, large plants can spread compliance costs such as waste treatment across a larger revenue base; "on the other hand, some smaller plants may not even be subject to certain provisions such as permit or reporting requirements by virtue of their size".

There is a contrast being presented and it states that Small firms can sometimes dodge the provisions such as permit or other requirements because of its SIZE.
Now, since its an inference question, and a contrast is presented , we can judiciously infer that LARGE firms wont be able to dodge these regulations and therefore, they may have to pay more compliance costs as compared to small size firms.

Any thoughts ?
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2014, 12:30
Time taken : 11 minutes

First question ( callous mistake)
2nd and 3rd correct
Medium Difficulty level
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2014, 23:11
i do not understand how readers are suppose to figure out line 18-26 when the passage on left side has less than 20 lines.
can we please make sure to preserve the formatting when we copy it from some source to gmat club website ?
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2014, 23:11
i do not understand how readers are suppose to figure out line 18-26 when the passage on left side has less than 20 lines.
can we please make sure to preserve the formatting when we copy it from some source to gmat club website ?
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Re: Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers   [#permalink] 31 Dec 2014, 23:11

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