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Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when

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Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 20:02
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Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when independence replaces dependence—that is, only when imposition by outsiders is replaced by initiative from within. In other words, the natives of a culture are the only ones who can move that culture forward. Non-natives may provide valuable advice, but any imposition of their views threatens independence and thus progress. If one looks at individual schools as separate cultures, therefore, the key to educational progress is obvious __________.

Which one of the following best completes the passage?

(A) individual schools must be independent of outside imposition

(B) some schools require more independence than others, depending on the initiative of their staffs and students

(C) school system officials must tailor their initiatives for change to each individual school in the system

(D) outsiders must be prevented from participation in schools’ effort to advance

(E) the more independent a school is, the more educational progress it will make

Source: LSAT
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 21:25
Torn between A and E but going with A here i.e Individual schools must be independent of outside imposition
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Re: Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when [#permalink]

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(A) individual schools must be independent of outside imposition
(E) the more independent a school is, the more educational progress it will make

A is correct for two reason:
the key to educational progress is obvious. So next statement should describe THE KEY. which is "independent of outside imposition".

(E) the more independent a school is, the more educational progress it will make
is wrong, because premises state that:

cultures advance only when independence replaces dependence. There is no comparative degree into it.
culture will progress only when there is no INDEPENDENCE.
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Re: Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 07:36
broall wrote:
Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when independence replaces dependence—that is, only when imposition by outsiders is replaced by initiative from within. In other words, the natives of a culture are the only ones who can move that culture forward. Non-natives may provide valuable advice, but any imposition of their views threatens independence and thus progress. If one looks at individual schools as separate cultures, therefore, the key to educational progress is obvious __________.

Which one of the following best completes the passage?

(A) individual schools must be independent of outside imposition

(B) some schools require more independence than others, depending on the initiative of their staffs and students

(C) school system officials must tailor their initiatives for change to each individual school in the system

(D) outsiders must be prevented from participation in schools’ effort to advance

(E) the more independent a school is, the more educational progress it will make

Source: LSAT


(A)-Correct - because it's basically restating the last part of the first sentence, that outside imposition needs to be replaced by inside initiatives.
(B): eliminate just on the basis of "more/less" independence. The idea of a comparative spectrum of independence is out of scope.
Some schools require more independence not depending on the initiatives they got, but depending on how much outsider imposition there is.
(C): School system officials would be considered an outsider, so this can be eliminated.
(D): Argument said that outsiders can still provide valuable advice. So it's not that outsiders must be prevented from all help. Further, the necessary condition as stated in the first sentence is about replacing outside imposition with insider initiatives
(E): The first statement seemed pretty absolute. Culture can advance ONLY when outside imposition replaced with insider initiatives. So a school could become a little more independent, but not replace all of the outsider imposition, and it would still not make any progress
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Re: Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2018, 19:51
Hi Experts kindly explain option C and A. I marked C but it seems to be wrong.
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Re: Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2018, 19:32
prerakgoel07 wrote:
Hi Experts kindly explain option C and A. I marked C but it seems to be wrong.

The key here is that "imposition by outsiders" must be replaced by "initiative from within".

Quote:
(C) school system officials must tailor their initiatives for change to each individual school in the system

We have a system of schools, and some officials in charge of that system of schools. This does not refer to officials within each of the individual schools. Instead, it refers to officials in charge of several individual schools (all of the schools within that school system).

So the initiatives come from outsiders (the school system officials) rather than insiders (leaders within each individual school). (C) must be eliminated.

Quote:
(A) individual schools must be independent of outside imposition

"Cultures (or schools) advance only when independence replaces dependence." Therefore, in order to have education progress, the schools have to be independent. In other words, initiatives should come from leaders within each individual school rather than from outsiders (for example, school system officials who oversee several different schools).

I hope that helps!
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Re: Anthropologists assert that cultures advance only when   [#permalink] 07 Feb 2018, 19:32
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