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# Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological

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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

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(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
Incorrect. This is awkward and wordy and use of being is wrong here

(B) and its superiority to chloroform
Incorrect. It is correct but could be better

(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
Compared to B, it is more concise and better

(D) its superiority over chloroform
Incorrect. This is concise but it doesn't clearly indicate that the superiority was demonstrated or proven.

(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been
Incorrect. Having been is incorrect here.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been
_____________________________________________
Meaning is curcial to solve the question. As it has been stated many times, ''and'' requires paralellism in gmat.
Answer choices can be split based on a number of factors. For instance, ''being'', '' had been'', and ''having been'' are easy to notice and they can be eliminated when the intended meaning is understood.

A - ''being'' is not usually used as modifier. ''being proved '' means an action was in progress. Illogical meaning. A is out
B - looks good , but GMAT doest care about its look. First part of the sentence has subject and verb. In this answer choice, we have ''and'' , as it has been stated, it requires subject. ''Its'' refers to '' diethyl ether'' and . Lets keep it
C - Use of '' had been'' is incorrect. There should have been some type of sequence, but there is no intended sequence in the sentence. C is out.
D - is we choose this option, the whole sentence becomes a run on sentence. D is out.
E - it is similar to D, if we choose this option, whole sentence will become run on and intended meaning will be altered by ''having been''.

B is our winner.
Hope it helps.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
Superior to is the correct idiom. C and D out.

Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated Clause
and
with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, Phrase

These two hands are not parallel logically and structurally. Hence And B are out.

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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

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The phrase "its superiority to chloroform" is a gerund phrase, which is a verb that is used as a noun. Gerund phrases can be modified by adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases, but they cannot be modified by verbs. The phrase "being proved" is a verb, so it cannot be used to modify the gerund phrase "its superiority to chloroform."

The correct phrase to use is "had been proved." This phrase uses the past perfect tense to indicate that the superiority of diethyl ether to chloroform had been established before William Morton demonstrated its physiological effects and anesthetic qualities.

Here is a more detailed explanation of the grammatical errors in each of the answer choices:

(A) The phrase "and with its superiority to chloroform being" is grammatically incorrect because the gerund phrase "its superiority to chloroform" cannot be modified by the verb "being."
(B) The phrase "and its superiority to chloroform" is grammatically incorrect because the gerund phrase "its superiority to chloroform" cannot be modified by the adjective "its."
(D) The phrase "its superiority over chloroform" is grammatically incorrect because it does not use the past tense. The phrase "its superiority to chloroform" should be modified by a phrase that indicates that the superiority of diethyl ether to chloroform had been established before William Morton demonstrated its physiological effects and anesthetic qualities.
(E) The phrase "with its superiority to chloroform having been" is grammatically incorrect because the gerund phrase "its superiority to chloroform" cannot be modified by the verb "having been."
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

Explanation:
(A) being is the wrong here. OUT.
(B) It is unclear which happened first in past, the superiority of diethyl ether over chloroform was proved or the rapid adoption of diethyl ether as the anesthetic of choice. OUT.
(C) Correctly establishes the sequence of events in the past by the use of past perfect tense. CORRECT.
(D) "and" is missing. OUT.
(E) Changes the intended meaning. Conveys that the superiority over chloroform was proved alongwith the demonstration of physiological effects and anesthetic qualities.

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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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Question: Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

Meaning Analysis: so sentence Once the two positive things about the diethyl ether were shown the medical communicated adopted it very rapidly as anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being => and , with both are redundant here and use of being is wrong
(B) and its superiority to chloroform => this is correct ans with the right construction
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been => here user of superiority over is wrong because "Superiority to" suggests that one thing is superior or better than another thing. For example, "His intelligence is of superior quality to mine."
"Superiority over" suggests that one thing has dominance or control over another thing. For example, "She asserted her superiority over her competitors."

(D) its superiority over chloroform => here there is no connector so wrong
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been => use of having been changes the timeline and the meaning so not the ans
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Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

superiority to is correct.
C) and D) are out.

"and" indicates parallelism. A) is not parallel. Hence, is out.

E) usage of "with" is incorrect here. And the use of "once" and "having been" is redundant. Hence, B).

Originally posted by austin316 on 24 Jul 2023, 08:56.
Last edited by austin316 on 25 Jul 2023, 08:19, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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Option B should be the answer. Here parallelism can be seen .....anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and its superiority to chloroform proved by .... it is also concise and logically carries the overall meaning.

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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

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(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
Wrong placement of with. Idiom error.
(B)and its superiority to chloroform
Looks promising let's move forward.
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
"Superiority over" idiomatic error. "Had been" is really unnecessary here.
(D) its superiority over chloroform
"Superiority over" idiomatic error.
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been
Wrong placement of with. "Having been" is unnecessary here.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
sentence uses past perfect tense
we have three things physiological effects and anesthetic qualities and its superiority
2/3 split eliminate option D & E
(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being usage of being is not required as its state to be ... ( form)
(B) and its superiority to chloroform meaning issue ....
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been past perfect ' had been' usage is correct

OPTION C is correct

Bunuel wrote:
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

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As per the question:

Since superiority over is an incorrect comparison- eliminate C & D.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being-- being is used incorrectly here
(B) and its superiority to chloroform-- Correct, no worries!
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been-- having been is an incorrect use of tense.

IMO: B
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

Quote:
(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being

Usage of with & being are incorrect

Quote:
(B) and its superiority to chloroform

Concise and correct

Quote:
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been

Option B is more concise and correct

Quote:
(D) its superiority over chloroform

And is missing;
Superiority to is better than Superiority over
Incorrect

Quote:
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

Usage of with and having been are incorrect

IMO B
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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Statement A uses with and being which is incorrect tense usage
Statement B is parallel and uses the correct tense and logically follows the intended meaning of the sentence.
Statement C uses had been which is incorrect tense usage and awkward
Statement D sounds incomplete and needs a conjunction to logically follow
Statement E uses with and having been which is incorrect tense usage.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]

"...superiority to chloroform ..." is wrong. superiority over or superior to is the right usage. So we can right away eliminate A, B and E.

option C is perfect - right from conjunction to tenses, meaning and sentence construction.

option D drops the conjunction, makes the sentence weird and messed up the meaning too. clearly C is better. So answer is C
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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Quote:
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

[1]The physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated.
[2]Its superiority to chloroform was proved by William Morton.
Conclusion: We need a sentence with simple past.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being -> Past Continious
(B) and its superiority to chloroform -> Correct
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been -> Past Continious
(D) its superiority over chloroform -> "and" is needed to connect two clauses
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been -> Past Continious
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
Incorrect, as No verb after and

(B) and its superiority to chloroform
this option specifies as both parts were done by William Morton and not Parallel

(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
Correct Choice with Parallelism and Past perfect tense

(D) its superiority over chloroform
Runover sentence

(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been
demonstrated with its superiority is ILLOGICAL, thus incorrect.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
Once the physiological effects and anesthetic qualities of diethyl ether were demonstrated and with its superiority to chloroform being proved by William Morton, the medical community rapidly adopted it as the anesthetic of choice.

(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being
(B) and its superiority to chloroform
(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been
(D) its superiority over chloroform
(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

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(A) and with its superiority to chloroform being

Incorrect usage. The sentence is quite wordy. Eliminate.

(B) and its superiority to chloroform

Correct.

(C) and its superiority over chloroform had been

We don't need past perfect tense in this sentence.

(D) its superiority over chloroform

We need a connector i.e (FANBOYS) to connect two Independent clause. Eliminate.

(E) with its superiority to chloroform having been

We need a connector i.e (FANBOYS) to connect two Independent clause. Eliminate.

IMO B
Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 6): Once the physiological [#permalink]
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