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At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 52% (03:02) correct 48% (02:55) wrong based on 2289 sessions

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At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

Kudos for a correct solution.

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Originally posted by Bunuel on 20 Oct 2015, 03:19.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Feb 2019, 04:44, edited 1 time in total.
Updated.
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

Kudos for a correct solution.

Apple (A) = 40 cemts
Orange (B) = 60 cents
Average of 10 fruits = 56 cents
u.e. Total Price of 10 Fruits = 56*10 = 560 cents

i.e. 40A + 60 B = 560
and A + B = 10

i.e. 40A + 60 (10-A) = 560
i.e. -20A + 600 = 560
i.e. A = 2
i.e. B = 8

Average to be brought at = 52 cents
let oranges to be put back = C
i.e. Total Fruits = 10-C
where total Oranges left = 8-C
i.e. Total Price of New lot of fruits = 52*(10-C)

i.e. 40*2 + 60*(8-C) = 52*(10-C)
i.e. 80 + 480 - 60C = 520 - 52C
i.e. 8 C = 40
i.e. C = 5

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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

Kudos for a correct solution.

here price of apple = 40 cents and price of orange = 60 cents

average price = 56 cents

so, the apples and oranges are in ratio

apple : orange = 60 - 56 : 56 - 40
=> apple : orange = 4 : 16
=> apple : orange = 1 : 4

total no =10, therefore apples = 2 nos. and oranges = 8 nos.

now we have to make average price = 52 cents
so, the apples and oranges will be in ratio

apple : orange = 60 - 52 : 52 - 40
=> apple : orange = 8 : 12
=> apple : orange = 2 : 3

now we have apples = 2 nos. from above, therefore oranges must be 3 in number

oranges to be put back = 8 - 3 = 5 nos

kudos if you like the explanation
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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8
Ans E

Sum of Apples and Oranges is 10

A + O = 10

Apple cost 40 cent and Orange cost 60 cent and there mean is 56 , therefore

(40*A + 60*O)/10 = 56 , which gives us

4A + 6O = 56

Solving the above 2 equation we get , Apples = 2 , Oranges = 8.

Now as she has remove some oranges ( x ) such that the new mean of the remaining fruits become 52

note that the number of Apples remain the same , therefore new equation will become

( 2*40 + (8-x)60 ) / 10 -x = 52

As the remaining fruits will be 10 - x

On solving for x we will get our ans 5
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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Let number of Apples = A
number of oranges = B
A+B=10 --- 1
.56 =(.4A + .6 B)/10
=> 56 = 4A + 6B ----2
Solving 1 and 2, we get
A= 2
B= 8

Let the number of oranges put back = C
52*(10-c) = 40*2 + 60(8-C)
=> C= 5

Alternatively , we can use Scale method
Since average is .56 , distance of the average from price of apple =.56-.4=.16
and distance of the average from price of orange = .6 - .56 = .04
Ratio of distances is .16:.04 = 4:1

Therefore , number of apples and oranges will be in inverse proportion =1:4
Number of apples = 2
Number of oranges = 8

After removing a certain number of oranges C , the new average will be .52
Ratio of distances is .08:.12 = 2:3

Number of oranges will be 3
Therefore Mary must put 5 oranges back .

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GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V42 Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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11
5
Step 1: We start with the first average to find the total price of the apples and oranges.

Using the formula : Sum = Average * Number of terms
Sum = 56 * 10 = 560

Step 2: Set up the new average based on the first one.
x : number of oranges we need to take away.
We will have the previous sum (i.e. 560) minus the price of all oranges we will take away (i.e. 60x) and the number of elements will be 10 minus x.

So :
(560-60x) / (10-x) = 52
560 - 60x = (10-x) * 52
560 - 520 = -52x + 60x
40 = 8x
x=5

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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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6
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

The correct answer is (E). People who are getting (B) need to think about this: The second time when the average is 52, does Mary still have 10 fruits? She ONLY needs to put back oranges. Not replace them with apples. So when you use alligation again and get the ratio as 2:3, you don't get 6 oranges since total number of fruits are not known. Let me solve it step by step.

When avg = 56

wa/wo = (60 - 56)/(56 - 40) = 1/4
So number of apples = 2, number of oranges = 8

When avg - 52
wa/wo = (60 - 52)/(52 - 40) = 2/3
What is the total number of fruit now? We don't know. We know Mary put back some oranges. We don't know how many. What we do know is that then number of apples she had stayed the same. She had 2 apples before so she still has 2 apples. If number of apples now is 2, number of oranges must be 3. So she must have put back 8 - 3 = 5 oranges.

For a discussion on this question, check out: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/12 ... -question/
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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5
2
Bunuel wrote:
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

Kudos for a correct solution.

Solution:

We can let the number of apples = x and the number of oranges = y. Using these variables we can create the following two equations:

1) x + y = 10

Using the formula average = sum/quantity, we have:

2) (40x + 60y)/10 = 56

Let’s first simplify equation 2:

40x + 60y = 560

4x + 6y = 56

2x + 3y = 28

Isolating for y in equation one gives us: y = 10 – x.

Since y = 10 – x, we can substitute 10 – x for y in the equation 2x + 3y = 28. This gives us:

2x + 3(10 – x) = 28

2x + 30 – 3x = 28

-x = -2

x = 2

Since x + y = 10, then y = 8.

We thus know that Mary originally selected 2 apples and 8 oranges.

We must determine the number of oranges that Mary must put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52¢. We can let n = the number of oranges Mary must put back.

Let’s use a weighted average equation to determine the value of n.

[40(2) + 60(8-n)]/(10 – n) = 52

(80 + 480 - 60n)/(10 – n) = 52

560 – 60n = 520 – 52n

40 = 8n

5 = n

Thus, Mary must put back 5 oranges so that the average cost of the fruit she has kept would be 52 cents.

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Originally posted by ScottTargetTestPrep on 04 May 2016, 09:50.
Last edited by ScottTargetTestPrep on 04 Sep 2016, 06:29, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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12
2
A = number of apples
B = number of oranges

We have :

$$\frac{40A + 60 B}{10}$$ = 56

and $$\frac{40A + 60 (B - x)}{10 - x}$$ = 52

$$\frac{40A + 60 B - 60 x}{10 - x}$$ = 52

$$\frac{560 - 60 x}{10 - x}$$ = 52

560 - 60 x = 520 - 52 x

40 = 8 x

x = 5

Originally posted by Alex75PAris on 04 May 2016, 15:19.
Last edited by Alex75PAris on 18 May 2016, 10:02, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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2
i did this one with a scale method

Apples : Price : Oranges
40 cents : 56 average : 60 cents
= 16 cents from average : average : 4 cents from average
= 1 apple for every 4 oranges
= 2 apples and 8 oranges = 10 fruits = 2*.4 + 8*.6 = 5.60 / 10 = .56

40 cents : 52 average : 60 cents
= 12 cents from average : average : 8 cents from average
= 2 apples for every 3 oranges

8 oranges - 3 oranges = 5 oranges must be put back

Hope this helps!
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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The current total price is divisible by 10, and so is the price of each orange. The adjusted total price therefore will have to be divisible by 10, and at the same time divisible by 52. The only possible value for the adjusted total price is 260. Hence 300 cents' worth of oranges, or 5 oranges, will have to be removed.
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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5
4
Bunuel wrote:
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

Kudos for a correct solution.

$$\frac{Wa}{Wo} = \frac{(60-56)}{(56-40}) = \frac{1}{4}$$
Apple = 2 & Orange = 8
New Avg
$$\frac{Wa}{Wo} = \frac{(60-52)}{(52-40)} = \frac{2}{3}$$
$$\frac{2}{Wo} = \frac{2}{3}$$
Orange = 3

Hence, Oranges have to reduce from 8 to 3 i.e. 5
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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Not convinced mate... I am able to get to fractions 1/4 and 2/3.... but given the total number of items is 10, why would make the ratio of 1/4 to 2/8 and keep the ratio 2/3 as it is ?

If someone can breakdown this using the same formula that would be helpful.

colorblind wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

Kudos for a correct solution.

$$\frac{Wa}{Wo} = \frac{(60-56)}{(56-40}) = \frac{1}{4}$$
Apple = 2 & Orange = 8
New Avg
$$\frac{Wa}{Wo} = \frac{(60-52)}{(52-40)} = \frac{2}{3}$$
$$\frac{2}{Wo} = \frac{2}{3}$$
Orange = 3

Hence, Oranges have to reduce from 8 to 3 i.e. 5
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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Dev1212 wrote:
Not convinced mate... I am able to get to fractions 1/4 and 2/3.... but given the total number of items is 10, why would make the ratio of 1/4 to 2/8 and keep the ratio 2/3 as it is ?

If someone can breakdown this using the same formula that would be helpful.

Bunuel wrote:
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

Kudos for a correct solution.

Please find the solution as attached.

I hope this helps!!!
Attachments

File comment: www.GMATinsight.com Ans.jpg [ 194.7 KiB | Viewed 45704 times ]

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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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Dev1212 wrote:
Not convinced mate... I am able to get to fractions 1/4 and 2/3.... but given the total number of items is 10, why would make the ratio of 1/4 to 2/8 and keep the ratio 2/3 as it is ?

If someone can breakdown this using the same formula that would be helpful.

colorblind wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

Kudos for a correct solution.

$$\frac{Wa}{Wo} = \frac{(60-56)}{(56-40}) = \frac{1}{4}$$
Apple = 2 & Orange = 8
New Avg
$$\frac{Wa}{Wo} = \frac{(60-52)}{(52-40)} = \frac{2}{3}$$
$$\frac{2}{Wo} = \frac{2}{3}$$
Orange = 3

Hence, Oranges have to reduce from 8 to 3 i.e. 5

The original ratio of number of apples to number of oranges we found is 1:4. So there is 1 apple for every 4 oranges. Total number of fruits on the ratio scale is 1+4 = 5. Total number of fruits is actually 10. So actually, there must have been 2 apples and correspondingly, 8 oranges.

With the new average of 52, the ratio of apples to oranges is 2:3. So for every 2 apples, there are 3 oranges. We don't know the total number of fruits after putting oranges back.

Now note that number of apples doesn't change. Only oranges are put back. In original case, we found that there were 2 apples. So finally also there will be 2 apples only. Since the ratio of apples to oranges is 2:3 and number of apples actually is 2, number of oranges actually must be now 3.

From 8, number of oranges has gone down to 3. So 5 oranges have been put back.
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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2
1
Bunuel wrote:
At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the price of each orange is 60 cents. Mary selects a total of 10 apples and oranges from the fruit stand, and the average (arithmetic mean) price of the 10 pieces of fruit is 56 cents. How many oranges must Mary put back so that the average price of the pieces of fruit that she keeps is 52 cents?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

Kudos for a correct solution.

1. Total cost is 560 cents
2. If she puts 1 orange back , average cost is 500/9. Similarly for 2,3,4, and 5 oranges back it is 440/8, 380/7, 320/6, 260/5
We see 260/5 gives 52 cents average cost.
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
For a discussion on this question, check out: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/12 ... -question/

karishma,

for this type of questions, do we need to maintain the initial quantity. if we have to maintain 10 fruits and achieve 52. it is still possible. 4 : 6. so, so i thought number of fruits to put back was 2.

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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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Avinash_R1 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
For a discussion on this question, check out: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/12 ... -question/

karishma,

for this type of questions, do we need to maintain the initial quantity. if we have to maintain 10 fruits and achieve 52. it is still possible. 4 : 6. so, so i thought number of fruits to put back was 2.

The question tells you that initial quantity is not maintained. It doesn't talk about picking more fruits/replacing fruits etc.
If you want to maintain the number of fruits to 10 and achieve 52 cents as the average price, you know that

w1/w2 = (60 - 52)/(52 - 40) = 8/12 = 2/3

So there should be 2 apples for every 3 oranges. This means there should be 4 apples and 6 oranges.
But actually she has 2 apples and 8 oranges. So she needs to put back 2 oranges and pick 2 more apples.
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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1
1
Please see the attached snapshot for a weighted average (teeter-totter or see-saw view of the problem)
Attachments teet.PNG [ 82.59 KiB | Viewed 18350 times ]

Originally posted by FANewJersey on 16 Nov 2017, 18:00.
Last edited by FANewJersey on 03 Dec 2017, 21:23, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the  [#permalink]

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2
For those who are thinking about how to approach this question efficiently, here are my GMAT Timing Tips (the links below have growing lists of questions that you can use to practice these timing tips):

Weighted average mapping strategy: The weighted average mapping strategy is the same as the "teeter-totter" approach shown in the great solution by FANewJersey. This really is a time-saving approach. The key thing that you get from this approach is that the ratio of oranges to apples is 4 to 1 before (so 10 total fruits gives us 8 oranges and 2 apples) and 3 to 2 after putting back the apples.

Track how the parts of a whole change: The key thing to notice is that there are the same number of apples (2) before and after putting back the oranges. So, if the ratio is 3 oranges to 2 apples after putting back the oranges, then we end up with 2 apples and 3 oranges. This means that Mary put back 8 – 3 = 5 oranges.

Please let me know if you have any questions, and if you would like me to post a video solution!
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Online GMAT tutor with a 780 GMAT score. Harvard graduate. Re: At a certain fruit stand, the price of each apple is 40 cents and the   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2018, 12:47

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