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GST Week 5 Day 1 Manhattan Prep Question 1


Give your best shot at writing a top notch explanation and you will have the chance to win GMAT Club tests daily and 6 Practice Tests + 9 Question Banks + Challenge Problem Archive + GMAT Navigator from Manhattan Prep. See the GMAT Spring Training Thread for all details


At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.


(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people - Correct. Parallel.
(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many - Incorrect. Highlighted errors + meaning change.
(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people - Incorrect. Highlighted errors.
(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many - Incorrect. Highlighted errors.
(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall , providing fresh water for many of the people - Incorrect. Highlighted errors + meaning change.

Answer: A

Originally posted by seed on 08 May 2018, 12:07.
Last edited by seed on 08 May 2018, 12:11, edited 1 time in total.
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souvik101990 wrote:

At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.

(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people



Explanation as per my understanding:
In (A), the presence of "and" makes the subject of the sentence plural by combining "Gorgeous Beach" and "Waterfall" and thus, would require a plural verb to go with the plural subject. Hence, the use of "is" at the start of the sentence is wrong, so, eliminate this choice.

(C) and (D) choices have the same subject-verb agreement error as in choice (A). This is enough to eliminate (C) and (D).
Along with the subject-verb error, one can also see error in parallelism in (C), i.e., " beach stretching ......... waterfall that provides........". Also, presence of "for many of the people" is a little awkward and wordier way when compared with "for the many".

As we scan the remaining choices, (B) seems more legitimate than (E). In (E), though the subject-verb error has been removed by converting the plural subject to singular, the modifier "providing fresh water...." seems to be modifying the subject, which is "beach" and this makes no sense as this modifier must modify "waterfall".
Also, "for the many" seems preferable than the wordier "for many of the people". Thus, eliminate this choice.

We are left with (B) and that is the correct answer.
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At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.

(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people - Subject-verb agreement issue - beach and waterfall is needs plural are

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many - Correct

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people - Subject-verb agreement issue ; parallelism issue - stretching and that is not parallel

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many - Subject-verb agreement issue

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people - Incorrect usage of verb-ing providing

Answer B
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pikolo2510

There are a spoon and a plate at the corner of the table

The verb is coming before the subject. Flip it and check

A spoon and a plate are at the corner of the table.
You see the above sentence makes sense and is perfectly fine.

A,C,and D all have the same error.

For E there is a change in meaning

IMO B should be the correct answer.
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh [#permalink]
souvik101990 wrote:
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.


OE for eliminating options C and E contains " In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers." ---> Can you please explain this and how is this different from the corresponding part in OA (B) ?

'a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many' vs 'a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people'

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , DmitryFarber , daagh , generis , other experts - please enlighten
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Skywalker18 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.


OE for eliminating options C and E contains " In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers." ---> Can you please explain this and how is this different from the corresponding part in OA (B) ?

'a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many' vs 'a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people'

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , DmitryFarber , daagh , generis , other experts - please enlighten

Skywalker18 , I don't think we can read for meaning unless we understand that two kinds of phrasing mean very different things.
Determiners (words that "point to" nouns) underlie the difference.

I am surprised to see Manhattan testing this issue: a specific way of phrasing words can only mean everyone, whereas a very similar way of phrasing cannot mean everyone.

I looked at prep sources and dictionaries to get a sense of how much information was available to sort out this matter. Answer? Not much.

Different constructions
The distinction turns on the way we describe or "point to" the entity we are trying to signify.
-- B is very restrictive. B has two determiners, the and many, one right after the other.
B defines a particular group tightly.

-- C and E are not as restrictive as B.
C and E's phrase has one determiner, the. C and E are diluted, too, by OF (a good number OF the people who camp there, but not all OF the people who camp there).
C and E define a particular group much less tightly than B does.

Generally
• if the construction is the many who camp there, it means "the numerous people who camp there" or "all who camp there"

• if the construction is many OF the people who camp there, it means "a large number OF the people who camp there, but not all of them"

Emphasis on determiners

In B, the many who camp there means all because two determiners,
the and many, back to back, point to a very restricted group who camp there. All who camp there.

The boundaries that enclose the group cannot vary. Everyone is inside the group. If 100 people camp there, "the many who camp there" = 100

-- The is a determiner
-- many is a postdeterminer (it comes after another determiner)
-- who camp there is a restrictive relative clause*

THE + MANY + WHO do X= ALL

This entity in B is a particular set of people, to whom we "point" with these determiners.
The determiner, postdeterminer, and restrictive relative clause make B different from C and E.
B is restrictive. It can mean only "everyone."

Emphasis on part OF

By contrast, in C and E, many OF the people who camp there means
-- Some number of the people who camp there.
-- A large number of the people who camp there
-- Some significant part of all who camp there, but not all

In C and E,
-- many, followed by of, means a large number OF [some other number];
-- many is not preceded and "captured" by the; and
-- the phrase "OF the people" connotes some part of a whole group.
The boundaries that enclose the group to which we "point" can vary.
100 people visit?
Water is for many of the people who visit?
In that car, the group of people who get water could contain 40 people.The group could contain 63, 82, 90 people.
The only limit? The group cannot contain 100 people.

100 out of 100 people does not = MANY [people] [out] of [all] the people.
100 out of 100 people = ALL of the people.
The boundaries of the part -- the boundaries of the defined group to which we are pointing -- can vary.

The boundaries that define the group in B cannot vary.

Rephrasing - may clarify

Option B?
The waterfall provides water for the many who camp there.

We can rearrange the words to understand the difference between phrases:

(X) the waterfall provides water for the many who camp there

can be paraphrased as

(Y) the waterfall provides water for the people who camp there—and there are many such people
[the total number of these people is great]

Options C and E?
The waterfall provides water for many of the people who camp there.

-- paraphrasing?
The waterfall provides water for people who camp there—to many of [a significant portion of] the people, but not to all

Takeaway
Look for the in front of many, and see whether many is followed by a restrictive relative clause.
If so, that phrasing means ALL.

Hope that helps.

*-- For material on the grammar structure of B, and an example of paraphrasing, see Quirk et al, 2010 (1985) 6.53

Grammar structure of B:
[determiner] + [postdeterminer] + [restrictive relative clause]
=
[the] + [many] + [who camp there]

Grammar structure of C and E:
[adjective] + [preposition] + [determiner] + [noun] + [restrictive relative clause]
=
[many] + [OF] + [the] + [people] + [who camp there]
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh [#permalink]
Could someone share a bit more on the usage of "many" in answer choice B? If it demonstrative pronoun, doesn't it need a noun attached?

For example it could be for the many TURTLES that camp there. or For the many cars that camp there.

How can we assume many is referring to people in this case?
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kchen1994 wrote:
Could someone share a bit more on the usage of "many" in answer choice B? If it demonstrative pronoun, doesn't it need a noun attached?

For example it could be for the many TURTLES that camp there. or For the many cars that camp there.

How can we assume many is referring to people in this case?

kchen1994 , I address the usage of "many" in answer choice B in the post immediately above yours.

Quote:
answer choice B? If it demonstrative pronoun, doesn't it need a noun attached?

No. I explain why not above.
Its object is a restrictive relative clause: who camp there

Did you have a specific question about that explanation?

Quote:
For example it could be for the many TURTLES that camp there. or For the many cars that camp there.

Turtles don't camp.
Turtles sleep. Or eat bugs.
Cars don't camp. They get parked. By people.

In context -- really? Do cars need fresh water?
Are turtles or cars mentioned?

Finally, who is used only for people.
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souvik101990 wrote:
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.


Hello, Why cant "there" function as subject of subject? Is this a rule that "there" can never be the subject of any sentence? egmat VeritasKarishma GMATNinja
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SDW2 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.


Hello, Why cant "there" function as subject of subject? Is this a rule that "there" can never be the subject of any sentence? egmat VeritasKarishma GMATNinja


All 3 are correct:

Ex1: There were many CEOs at the conference.
Ex2: At the conference, there were many CEOs.
Ex3: At the conference were many CEOs.

"there" acts as a placeholder subject. Often, it inverts the verb (were) and the subject (many CEOs). Some grammarians like to think of "many CEOs" as the subject complement in examples 1 and 2.

If the sentence starts with a prepositional phrase, we often have a comma after it. Since there is no comma in our original sentence, it is likely that the structure of example 3 is required.
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Isn't beside a waterfall in Option B wrongly modifying " a mile"
egmat, GMATNinja , @garymagoosh,
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souvik101990 wrote:
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.


Hi souvik101990, I understood the entire explanation but have one small doubt. The word "beside" implies that the waterfall is literally next to the beach. Shouldn't the right word have been "besides" since it means "in addition to"? There is no way of saying for sure that the beach and the waterfall were next to each other, isn't it? Thank you.
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh [#permalink]
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sam12rawat wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.


Hi souvik101990, I understood the entire explanation but have one small doubt. The word "beside" implies that the waterfall is literally next to the beach. Shouldn't the right word have been "besides" since it means "in addition to"? There is no way of saying for sure that the beach and the waterfall were next to each other, isn't it? Thank you.


Hello sam12rawat,

We hope this finds you well.

To answer your query, the use of "beside" conveys the intended meaning here.

As you have written, the use of "beside" implies that the waterfall is next to the beach; this is a perfectly logical meaning that also conveys the same thing as the use of "and"; it stands to reason that if the beach and waterfall are both at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail, they are next to each other.

We hope this helps.
All the best!
Experts' Global Team
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh [#permalink]
ExpertsGlobal5 wrote:
sam12rawat wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.


Hi souvik101990, I understood the entire explanation but have one small doubt. The word "beside" implies that the waterfall is literally next to the beach. Shouldn't the right word have been "besides" since it means "in addition to"? There is no way of saying for sure that the beach and the waterfall were next to each other, isn't it? Thank you.


Hello sam12rawat,

We hope this finds you well.

To answer your query, the use of "beside" conveys the intended meaning here.

As you have written, the use of "beside" implies that the waterfall is next to the beach; this is a perfectly logical meaning that also conveys the same thing as the use of "and"; it stands to reason that if the beach and waterfall are both at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail, they are next to each other.

We hope this helps.
All the best!
Experts' Global Team

Hello ExpertsGlobal5,

I understand your point. Thank you for the explanation :)
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh [#permalink]
souvik101990 wrote:
At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.


(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people


Hello Experts,
KarishmaB AndrewN @ajitesharjun,

Prepositional phrases cannot act as a subject?

Here i thought

At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai- is acting as a subject
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PriyamRathor wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.


(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people


Hello Experts,
KarishmaB AndrewN @ajitesharjun,

Prepositional phrases cannot act as a subject?

Here i thought

At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai- is acting as a subject


A sentence can begin with a prepositional phrase and a subject could follow but the prepositional phrase does not act as the subject in that case.
Example: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail, you will find a beach. (Subject - you)


A sentence can begin with a prepositional phrase and can be the subject (though rarely)
Example: During my lunch break is the only me-time I get. (Subject - 'During my lunch break')
I am talking about this time. There is an implied noun 'the time' here: The time during my lunch break is the only me-time I get.

Example:In the forest is where the lion lives.
Here, 'in the forest' is the subject. I am talking about the place 'in the forest' now. 'where the lion lives' is the subject complement of the subject 'in the forest.' Both indicate a place.

A sentence can begin with a preposition followed by a verb but the propositional phrase may not be the subject.
In the forest is a cottage made of chocolate.

Here 'in the forest' is not the subject because what we want to talk about is the 'cottage made of chocolate.' We are not talking about the place 'in the forest.' We are talking about where the cottage is.
A cottage made of chocolate is (located) in the forest.
Try putting in 'the place' here.
The place in the forest is a cottage made of chocolate. (Nonsense)

Now consider the incorrect original sentence:
At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail is a gorgeous beach and a waterfall.

A gorgeous beach and a waterfall are (located) at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail.
The subject is - 'A gorgeous beach and a waterfall' and hence we will need the plural 'are'
The prepositional phrase tells us where these are located but the nouns that we are talking about are the beach and the waterfall.
Are we talking about the place at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail? No. Try putting 'the place' in the sentence:

The place at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail is a gorgeous beach and a waterfall.
Does this make sense? No. Hence the prepositional phrase is not the subject.
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PriyamRathor wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.


(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people


Hello Experts,
KarishmaB AndrewN @ajitesharjun,

Prepositional phrases cannot act as a subject?

Here i thought

At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai- is acting as a subject


Hello PriyamRathor,

We hope this finds you well.

To answer your query, the subject of the sentence formed by the correct answer choice - Option B - is actually "a gorgeous beach", which is acted upon by the active verb "is"; "At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai" is an adverbial construction that modifies the verb "is".

We hope this helps.
All the best!
Experts' Global Team
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