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At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh

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New post 08 May 2018, 10:42
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GST Week 5 Day 1 Manhattan Prep Question 1


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At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.


(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people

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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 11:10
5
1
A-Subject verb error....Should be ARE instead of IS...
B-Correct
C-Same error as A
D-Same error as A
E-Beach cannot provide fresh water = meaning error
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 11:00
1
A - The two parts "a gorgeous beach" and "a waterfall that provides...blah blah" are not parallel
OUT

B - many who? . The word "people" is missing
OUT

C - The two parts are parallel.
a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile - Noun + Modifier
a waterfall that provides fresh water ....- Noun + Modifier
CORRECT CHOICE

D - many who? . The word "people" is missing
OUT

E - The meaning of the sentence is incorrect. Moreover the sentence means that "the end" provides fresh water for many of the people who camp there. The sentence is incorrect grammatically as well
OUT
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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GST Week 5 Day 1 Manhattan Prep Question 1


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At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.


(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people - Correct. Parallel.
(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many - Incorrect. Highlighted errors + meaning change.
(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people - Incorrect. Highlighted errors.
(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many - Incorrect. Highlighted errors.
(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall , providing fresh water for many of the people - Incorrect. Highlighted errors + meaning change.

Answer: A
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Originally posted by seed on 08 May 2018, 11:07.
Last edited by seed on 08 May 2018, 11:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 13:13
1
souvik101990 wrote:

At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.

(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people



Explanation as per my understanding:
In (A), the presence of "and" makes the subject of the sentence plural by combining "Gorgeous Beach" and "Waterfall" and thus, would require a plural verb to go with the plural subject. Hence, the use of "is" at the start of the sentence is wrong, so, eliminate this choice.

(C) and (D) choices have the same subject-verb agreement error as in choice (A). This is enough to eliminate (C) and (D).
Along with the subject-verb error, one can also see error in parallelism in (C), i.e., " beach stretching ......... waterfall that provides........". Also, presence of "for many of the people" is a little awkward and wordier way when compared with "for the many".

As we scan the remaining choices, (B) seems more legitimate than (E). In (E), though the subject-verb error has been removed by converting the plural subject to singular, the modifier "providing fresh water...." seems to be modifying the subject, which is "beach" and this makes no sense as this modifier must modify "waterfall".
Also, "for the many" seems preferable than the wordier "for many of the people". Thus, eliminate this choice.

We are left with (B) and that is the correct answer.
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 16:17
My approach:

Quote:
At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.


Clearly a subject verb agreement At the end of ... there are two things - a beach and a waterfall, we need plural verb - are


Quote:
(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many

Now we removed parallel marker and ; Sentence says beach is besides a waterfall, That correctly modifies waterfall
and which correctly modifies beach. Keep it.


Quote:
(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many

Ruled out because of subject verb agreement.

Quote:
(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people

Incorrect usage of coma+verb-ing - providing.

DmitryFarber can you share your review?
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 17:44
(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many
'beside 'changes the meaning...makes it look like the beach is next to the waterfall. for the 'many' what- could be people or something else...eliminated.

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people
stretching describes the action of the beach and 'provides' describes action of the water - not parallel...eliminated. 'there' usage is redundant here

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many
'there' usage is redundant here, for the 'many' what- could be people or something else...eliminated.


(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people
'there' usage is redundant here, 'beside 'changes the meaning...makes it look like the beach is next to the waterfall, stretches and providing not parallel...eliminated

(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people
CORRECT
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 18:01
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At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.

(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people - Subject-verb agreement issue - beach and waterfall is needs plural are

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many - Correct

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people - Subject-verb agreement issue ; parallelism issue - stretching and that is not parallel

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many - Subject-verb agreement issue

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people - Incorrect usage of verb-ing providing

Answer B
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2018, 05:46
At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.

(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people Subject- Verb agreement error; Verb should be plural for plural subject "a gorgeous beach and a waterfall"

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many Correct Answer

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people Subject -verb agreement error and Parallelism error

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many Subject -verb agreement error

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people Subject -verb agreement error

Correct Answer- B
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2018, 09:55
1
pikolo2510

There are a spoon and a plate at the corner of the table

The verb is coming before the subject. Flip it and check

A spoon and a plate are at the corner of the table.
You see the above sentence makes sense and is perfectly fine.

A,C,and D all have the same error.

For E there is a change in meaning

IMO B should be the correct answer.
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2018, 10:02
4
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people who camp there.

(A) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, and a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many people This is an incorrect use of "and" while explaining the the beach

(B) is a gorgeous beach, which stretches on for a mile, beside a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many This is correct as it explain the what was at the end of the trail, and the modifier at the end is correct

(C) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people All of the choices C-E are incorrect because it doesn't correctly explain what is at the end of the trail

(D) there is a gorgeous beach stretching on for a mile and a waterfall providing fresh water for the many

(E) there is a gorgeous beach that stretches on for a mile beside a waterfall, providing fresh water for many of the people[/quote]
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Re: At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 10:43
souvik101990 wrote:
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.


OE for eliminating options C and E contains " In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers." ---> Can you please explain this and how is this different from the corresponding part in OA (B) ?

'a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many' vs 'a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people'

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , DmitryFarber , daagh , generis , other experts - please enlighten
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At the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail in Kauai is a gorgeous beach, wh  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 21:35
3
Skywalker18 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Great discussion, everyone. Here is the OE from Manhattan Prep

(1) Take a First Glance (5 seconds)

The split between is and there is does not strongly indicate a particular topic.

(2) Read for Meaning

The sentence structure is inverted-the verb comes before the subject-so reorder it to simplify your task. A beach … and a waterfall … is at the end of the Na Pali Coast Trail. The compound subject a beach … and a waterfall is plural and should be paired with the verb are. Eliminate answer choice (A) and any others that repeat this Subject-Verb mistake. But wait! All five answers use the verb is. What makes the original subject plural and how can you make it singular, instead?
The word and connecting beach and waterfall is what makes the subject into a compound subject. Answers (C) and (D) use the word and as well, so eliminate those. Choices (B) and (E), however, switch up the structure.

(3) Find a Starting Point

Start with any difference that seems easiest to you, then move to the next easiest issue, and so on. Stop when you have one answer or you aren't sure how to address the remaining differences. All errors for each choice are detailed in the next section.

(4) Eliminate (and Repeat)

(A) The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(B) CORRECT. This answer switches and to beside. Now, beside a waterfall is a modifier that describes the beach. Mentally ignore the modifiers to find the subject, which is now the singular beach; this matches the singular verb is.

(C) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.

(D) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. The plural subject a beach … and a waterfall does not match the singular verb is.

(E) This is also an inverted sentence structure; the word there cannot function as the subject of the sentence. This answer switches and to beside, fixing the subject-verb mismatch in the initial sentence. However, the comma -ing modifier providing should modify the previous subject and verb. In this sentence, providing modifies the beach that stretches. In fact, though, it is the waterfall, not the beach, that provides freshwater. In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers.


OE for eliminating options C and E contains " In addition, the meaning of a waterfall that provides freshwater for many of the people … is misleading. This implies that the waterfall provides freshwater for many, but not all, of the campers." ---> Can you please explain this and how is this different from the corresponding part in OA (B) ?

'a waterfall that provides fresh water for the many' vs 'a waterfall that provides fresh water for many of the people'

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , DmitryFarber , daagh , generis , other experts - please enlighten

Skywalker18 , I am surprised to see Manhattan testing this issue.

I looked at what the prep sources and dictionaries had to say, in order to get a sense of how much information were available to sort out the matter. Answer? Not much.

Different constructions
The distinction turns on the way we describe or "point to" the entity we are trying to signify.
-- B is very restrictive. B has two determiners, the and many, one right after the other. B defines a particular group tightly.

-- C and E are not as restrictive as B.
C and E's phrase has one determiner, the. C and E are diluted, too, by OF (a good number OF the people who camp there, but not all OF the people who camp there). C and E define a particular group much less tightly than B does.

Generally
• if the construction is the many who camp there, it means "the numerous people who camp there" or "all who camp there"

• if the construction is many OF the people who camp there, it means "a large number OF the people who camp there, but not all of them"

Emphasis on determiners

In B, the many who camp there means all because two determiners,
the and many, back to back, point to a very restricted group who camp there. All who camp there.

The boundaries that enclose the group cannot vary. Everyone is inside the group. If 100 people camp there, "the many who camp there" = 100

The is a determiner
many is a postdeterminer (it comes after another determiner)
who camp there is a restrictive relative clause*

This entity is a particular set, to whom we "point" with these determiners.
A determiner, a postdeterminer, and a restrictive relative clause make the difference.

Emphasis on part OF

By contrast, in C and E, many OF the people who camp there means
-- Some number of the people who camp there.
-- A large number of the people who camp there
-- Some significant part of all who camp there, but not all

In C and E, many is not a determiner; many is not preceded by the; and the phrase "OF the people" connotes some part of a whole group.
The boundaries that enclose the group to which we "point" can vary.
100 people visit?
Water is for many of the people who visit?
The group could contain 40 people.The group could contain 63, 82, 90 people.
The only limit? The group cannot contain 100 people.

100 out of 100 people does not = MANY [people] [out] of [all] the people.
100 out of 100 people = ALL of the people.
The boundaries of the part, the boundaries of the defined group to which we are pointing, can vary.

Rephrasing - may clarify

Option B?
The waterfall provides water for the many who camp there.

We understand that

(X) the waterfall provides water for the many who camp there

can be paraphrased as

(Y) the waterfall provides water for the people who camp there—and there are many [such people]

Options C and E?
The waterfall provides water for many of the people who camp there.

-- paraphrasing?
The waterfall provides water for people who camp there—to many of the people, but not all

Takeaway
Look for the in front of many, and see whether many is followed by a restrictive relative clause.
If so, that phrasing means ALL.

Hope that helps.

*-- For material on the grammar structure of B, and an example of paraphrasing, see Quirk et al, 2010 (1985) 6.53

Grammar structure of B:
determiner + postdeterminer + restrictive relative clause
the . . . . . . . . . . many. . . . . . .who camp there

Grammar structure of C and E:
. . .adjective + preposition + determiner + noun + restrictive relative clause
...many ... OF ... the people ..who camp there ...

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New post 08 Feb 2019, 13:40
Could someone share a bit more on the usage of "many" in answer choice B? If it demonstrative pronoun, doesn't it need a noun attached?

For example it could be for the many TURTLES that camp there. or For the many cars that camp there.

How can we assume many is referring to people in this case?
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New post 08 Feb 2019, 14:39
kchen1994 wrote:
Could someone share a bit more on the usage of "many" in answer choice B? If it demonstrative pronoun, doesn't it need a noun attached?

For example it could be for the many TURTLES that camp there. or For the many cars that camp there.

How can we assume many is referring to people in this case?

kchen1994 , I address the usage of "many" in answer choice B in the post immediately above yours.

Quote:
answer choice B? If it demonstrative pronoun, doesn't it need a noun attached?

No. I explain why not above.
Its object is a restrictive relative clause: who camp there

Did you have a specific question about that explanation?

Quote:
For example it could be for the many TURTLES that camp there. or For the many cars that camp there.

Turtles don't camp.
Turtles sleep. Or find places to live.
Cars don't camp. They get parked. By people.

In context -- really? Do cars need fresh water?
Are turtles or cars mentioned?

Finally, who is used only for people.
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