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Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of

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Re: Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2018, 12:49
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In D and E, presence of the phrase With the collagen fibers… suggests that along with these fibers, surgical cuts sever fewer fibers and are less likely to leave bad marks. This is certainly not the intended meaning.
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Re: Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2019, 23:05
Could someone please explain why "with" is flagged incorrect by many people here? I've been trying to google cases for and against the use of with in the GMAT.
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Re: Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2019, 22:53
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daagh wrote:
The compound main clause has a singular verb in the second IC. Hence, the subject of the main clause should be singular ‘cut’. Eliminate A, and D.

(B) Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of tension, a surgical cut having been made along these so-called Langer’s lines severs less ----The modifier ‘having been made’ is wrong diction. It should be just the past participle ‘made’. In addition the term ‘fibres’ is a countable plural noun and hence we need to use fewer to describe it.

(C) Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of tension, a surgical cut made along these so-called Langer’s lines severs fewer --- correct choice

(E) With the collagen fibers in skin lining up in the direction of tension, a surgical cut made along these so-called Langer’s lines sever fewer ---S-V number problem between ‘a cut’ and sever


daagh can you pls break the sentence further as in what is compound clause and what is Independent clause.

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Re: Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2019, 23:40
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The main clause is actually not a compound sentence but an IC with two properly conjugated predicates.


Because the collagen fibers in the skin line up in the direction of tension,--- The DC part

a surgical cut made along these so-called Langer’s lines severs fewer fibers -- The IC with the first predicate - severs is the verb.

and -- the conjunction between two predicates

is less likely to leave an unsightly scar. --- The second predicate of the IC.

Actually, the whole sentence is a complex sentence
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Re: Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2019, 08:42
anshul1208 wrote:
Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of tension, surgical cuts made along these so-called Langer’s lines sever fewer fibers and is less likely to leave an unsightly scar.

(A) Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of tension, surgical cuts made along these so-called Langer’s lines sever fewer

(B) Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of tension, a surgical cut having been made along these so-called Langer’s lines severs less

(C) Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of tension, a surgical cut made along these so-called Langer’s lines severs fewer

(D) With the collagen fibers in skin lining up in the direction of tension, surgical cuts made along these so-called Langer’s lines sever less

(E) With the collagen fibers in skin lining up in the direction of tension, a surgical cut made along these so-called Langer’s lines sever fewer



C is the correct answer

The first split is between "less" and "fewer"

"Few(er)" is used for countable nouns - i.e., nouns which can be counted on fingertips (e.g., apples, oranges, books, etc.). "Less" is used for uncountable nouns - money, time, distance, water, etc. We can clearly count the number of fibers [we can go 1 fiber, 2 fibers, 3 fibers, etc.]. , so "fewer" is correct. This eliminates B and D.

Between "line up" - the verb form, and "lining up" - the "ing" form, the GMAT always prefers the verb form [PROVIDED there is no error logically/grammatically]. Additionally, here we want to give a reason as to why these surgical cuts made along these Langer's lines cause less damage. "With" does not indicate a reason as precisely as "Because". Eliminate D and E

Between A and C - the main distinction is between whether the subject should be singular or plural. "A surgical cut" in C is singular, whereas "surgical cuts" in A is plural. If we look at the non-underlined portion of the sentence, we see a singular verb - "and IS LESS LIKELY..." associated with the subject. Therefore, A is out.

Hence, C is the best answer.
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Re: Because the collagen fibers in skin line up in the direction of   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2019, 08:42

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