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# By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing

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By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2010, 10:25
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By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them
B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are
C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 18:32
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ykaiim wrote:
Split infinitive error >>>> to + adverb + verb
For example - to genetically enhance

thanx
making the discussion complete for readers ..
what is a split infinitive error ?

An infinitive verb form with an element, usually an adverb, interposed between to and the verb form, as in to boldly go.
Usage Note: The split infinitive has been present in English ever since the 14th century, but it was not until the 19th century that grammarians labeled and condemned the usage. The only rationale for condemning the construction is based on a false analogy with Latin. The thinking is that because the Latin infinitive is a single word, the equivalent English construction should be treated as if it were a single unit. But English is not Latin, and distinguished writers have split infinitives without giving it a thought. Noteworthy splitters include John Donne, Daniel Defoe, George Eliot, Benjamin Franklin, Abraham Lincoln, William Wordsworth, and Willa Cather. Still, those who dislike the construction can usually avoid it without difficulty. The sense of the sentence To better understand the miners' plight, he went to live in their district is just as easily expressed by To understand the miners' plight better, he went to live in their district. However, one must take care not to ruin the rhythm of the sentence or create an unintended meaning by displacing an adverb. · When choosing to retain split infinitives, one should be wary of constructions that have more than one word between to and the verb. The Usage Panel is evenly divided on the one-adverb split infinitive. Fifty percent accept it in the sentence The move allowed the company to legally pay the employees severance payments that in some cases exceeded \$30,000. But only 23 percent of the panel accepts the split infinitive in the sentence We are seeking a plan to gradually, systematically, and economically relieve the burden. In some contexts, the split infinitive is unavoidable, as in the sentence We expect our output to more than double in a year. · Excessive zeal in avoiding the split infinitive may result in an awkward placement of adverbs in constructions involving the auxiliary verbs be and have. Infinitive phrases in which the adverb precedes a participle, such as to be rapidly rising, to be clearly understood, and to have been ruefully mistaken, are not split and should be acceptable to everybody. By the same token, there are no grounds for objecting to the position of the adverb in the sentence He is committed to laboriously assembling all of the facts of the case. What is "split" here is not an infinitive but a prepositional phrase.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 23:08
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The correct answer is certainly choice C.

Choice E changes the meaning. With "for" it sounds as though we are using some kind of techniques on genetically enhanced plants; but not necessarily the techniques that caused those genetic enhancements in the first place. That is, it sounds like this: "by using techniques for [this type of plant]".

Choice D also changes the meaning. We need the "used to".

There is no split infinitive error in choice C:

The ninja used his speed TO SWIFTLY KICK his opponent.
Company X used a tax schme TO SUSPICIOUSLY EVADE debts.
Sara used the OG TO QUICKLY LEARN the CR question types.
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23 May 2012, 19:57
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eybrj2 wrote:
By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them
B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are
C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them

The real meaning intended here is that the techniques used to genetically enhance plants were also used to increase the amount of protein in potatoes etc....

D,E give you the impression that there are multiple techniques for genetically enhancing plants and that the same techniques were used in the genetic enhancement which, IMO is not the real intent., So D, E are out.

C is the only remaining answer that is grammatically right and captures the meaning, even though a little wordy.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plant [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2013, 20:39
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You need a verb which modifies "researches" , so options A and B are out. What are researches doing ? "Employing the same techniques..."
What are researches doing ? "By the same techniques used to...making them.." Does not sign right, does it ?

Option D is out because it is not clear what "which makes them" modifies. The technique or the plants ?
Option E is out for the same reason as D is out - modifying issue.

Kudo me if I was helpful
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plant [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2013, 06:23
sujit2k7 wrote:
Ivan91 wrote:
You need a verb which modifies "researches" , so options A and B are out. What are researches doing ? "Employing the same techniques..."
What are researches doing ? "By the same techniques used to...making them.." Does not sign right, does it ?

Option D is out because it is not clear what "which makes them" modifies. The technique or the plants ?
Option E is out for the same reason as D is out - modifying issue.

Kudo me if I was helpful

Yes D , E is clear... but i m still not satisfied what's wrong with A,B...
Do u mean we can not start sentence with Prep used as modifying clause.. .
Is the below construction wrong
With the same tech used for enhancing plants genetically, Ram enhanced white mice in the lab.

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them
Structure of A: Opening Modifier, Modifier, Noun. Not valid in GMAT. It should be : Opening Modifier, Noun, Modifier

B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are
Structure of B: so that they are...., researcher ...: So (from FANBOYS) Independent clause,( fanboys missing) Independent Clause.
Therefore, Incorrect.

Option D: plants, which makes them..... As per rules which should modify "plants" which is plural. Therefore, correct S-V should be:

Plants, which make them

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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plant [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2013, 13:10
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sujit2k7 wrote:
By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them
B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are
C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them

Can some Guru help me in this...
I have below queries
i) what's wrong with A...what is correct way to use 'BY'
ii)Help me with usage of 'WITH'
iii) used to v/s used for v/s to v/s for

First question : Whats wrong with A?

A states that "By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco."

This is unclear. The correct usage would be "By using the same techniques..." This sentence is saying that because those techniques exist - researchers have been able to increase protein in potatoes, etc. This is not true. The researchers would have to do something with those techniques to increase the protein.

Second questoin : Clarify with...

I'm assuming you mean option B here. B is essentially doing the same thing that A did. Researchers would still have to "use" those techniques. Their existence alone will not increase the protein content of a potato. This option is not saying anything along those lines. Another way to eliminate this option would be the awkward "so that they are disease- and pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco." In an awkward way, this sentence is saying that because there are techniques that make plants disease and pest resistant, those resistances enable researchers to increase in protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes and tobacco. But from the way this is worded it sounds like the protein increase is a result of the resistances yet they haven't been unlocked by a researcher even though the same techniques would "unlock" both. This sentence doesn't make sense.

Third question: Used to/Used for/For

Lets take the correct response and use these to make sentences that make sense. Hopefully it makes more sense by example than me explaining (I don't feel that my explaining would be as helpful.)

Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco. - Correct response.

Employing the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants to be disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco. - Now I made this one up, it sounds right but I'm hoping if I made an error someone else can jump in and let me know if I made a mistake

I'm not sure what you would use "for" solo in this situation. Anyone else?

Let me know if you have further questions!
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2015, 09:27
By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them
B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are
C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them

Researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco. How did they do it?
By the same tech/ With the same tech/ Employing the same tech?
=>Employing the same tech.

C/D/E
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them

C. Employing the same techniques [used to genetically enhance plants so that they are disease- or pest-resistant]
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants [that make them disease- or pest-resistant]
C is the intended meaning.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2016, 04:32
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Sash143 wrote:
Testluv wrote:
The correct answer is certainly choice C.

Choice E changes the meaning. With "for" it sounds as though we are using some kind of techniques on genetically enhanced plants; but not necessarily the techniques that caused those genetic enhancements in the first place. That is, it sounds like this: "by using techniques for [this type of plant]".

Choice D also changes the meaning. We need the "used to".

There is no split infinitive error in choice C:

The ninja used his speed TO SWIFTLY KICK his opponent.
Company X used a tax schme TO SUSPICIOUSLY EVADE debts.
Sara used the OG TO QUICKLY LEARN the CR question types.

Testluv Please help me with this: X told Y to quickly run to the store. Does this sentence has a split infinitive error?

"Split Infinitives" are always debatable. However, the tip is - (based on the context of the sentence)

- If the split infinitive coveys the intended meaning and sounds idiomatic, then use the structure.

- If the split infinitive sounds awkward or creates ambiguity, then rewrite the sentence

You need to apply the concept to your example sentence and check for its context.

Hope this helps.
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By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2016, 07:03
One good thing about this topic is that it does not depend upon the split infinitive to reject any given choice. The consensus is that split infinitive is not a head-chopper. As one may see, the three choices that use the split –infinitives are less awkward than the other two choices that use the unidiomatic ‘for generating”’
That aside, while choices D and E do deserve to be kicked out for using the relative pronouns to refer to wrong items, even C, one can allege that is not beyond suspicion because the pronoun ‘they’ may refer to wrongly the researchers rather than plants. After all, human beings are as much disease or pest - prone as plants, aren’t they? This may be a weird deduction, yet the essence of a modifier is to ascribe directly to the noun it touches.
Doesn’t Pompeii, Caesar’s wife have to be above suspicion?
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Last edited by daagh on 22 Jan 2016, 22:36, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2016, 04:52
muhammedziauddin1 wrote:
I am not sure why B is wrong among B and c? Please advise

Option B is wrong because of awkward meaning as well as wrong modifier usage.

- awkward meaning - As per the correct meaning of the sentence : It is the researchers who "employed" the same techniques used to ..... Per the meaning of option B it is as if "the researchers are with the same techniques etc ..

- modifier usage - Such usage of modifier - prepositional phrase (with..) -extra information , another extra information, (in berween two commas) - is avoidable. (1/2 such examples in OG 16 Sc)

Option C corrects both the aspects.

Hope it helps.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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15 May 2016, 01:28
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sa18 wrote:
What is wrong with A and B?
Can someone help

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.

By making them here is modifying plant instead of Researchers , hence incorrect.

B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.

Use of split infinitive is nover correct in GMAT

Hence (C) is the best
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By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2016, 01:20
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ritikk13 wrote:
Can anyone post a detailed analysis of all the options.

A. The present participle modifier " making them..." needs a complete clause to refer to - it would then refer to the effect of the whole clause or just to the subject of the clause. However "By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants" is a prepositional phrase, not a clause, and therefore the present participle "making them..." cannot refer to this prepositional phrase.
Moreover "used for enhancing" is not correct. Since an intension is expressed, the correct usage is the infinitive "used to enhance".

B. The omission of "used" makes it unclear whether the technique has already been used. The intended meaning is that researchers are employing an already used technique.

The problems in D and E have already been discussed well in this thread.
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By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2016, 07:08
angel2009 wrote:
By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them
B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are
C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them

Only error i could think of usage of used to
used for is wrong idiom.

verb-ing /present participle correctly modifies researchers have been able to increase. in correct in ans choice.
But again, By the same also correctly modifies clause ... so only error which i can think of is usage of used for instead of used to

Plzz tag me , if u find any other error
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2016, 23:23
Reading the sentence gives us an indication that the problem is going to test the concept of modification. If we look at the sentence after comma we see that the part before the comma should be something that modifies researchers.

Split: C,D and E starts with word employing that modifies researchers. Option A doesn't modify researches and is thus out, similarly B is out due to absence of verbing to denote action performed by researchers.

Among CDE, in D word "which" modifies plants rather than techniques and is thus out. E has wrong usage of that (that is supposed to modify techniques but is wrongly placed). Thus C is the correct answer.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2016, 09:01
sayantanc2k wrote:
The problems in D and E have already been discussed well in this thread.

Hi sayantanc2k,

I do not think there is a relative modifier modification problem in option E.
'That' correctly refers to the techniques. This option is wrong for change in the meaning. Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2016, 11:57
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Alok322 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
The problems in D and E have already been discussed well in this thread.

Hi sayantanc2k,

I do not think there is a relative modifier modification problem in option E.
'That' correctly refers to the techniques. This option is wrong for change in the meaning. Please correct me if I am wrong.

Yes, that is correct. Moreover, "techniques for" is not a preferred usage - an infinite is better to express an intent.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2017, 22:55
By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them
Should be a complete sentence for V-ing modifier.

B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants , so that they are "

C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are :
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them

genetically enhancing plants doesn't make (genetically enhancing plants: them) disease- or pest-resistant
Also "Makes" is wrong.

E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them

Meaning change, author wants to convey that the same techniques that was used for genetically enhancing plants were used to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2017, 18:52
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2017, 23:27
Testluv wrote:
The correct answer is certainly choice C.

Choice E changes the meaning. With "for" it sounds as though we are using some kind of techniques on genetically enhanced plants; but not necessarily the techniques that caused those genetic enhancements in the first place. That is, it sounds like this: "by using techniques for [this type of plant]".

Choice D also changes the meaning. We need the "used to".

There is no split infinitive error in choice C:

The ninja used his speed TO SWIFTLY KICK his opponent.
Company X used a tax schme TO SUSPICIOUSLY EVADE debts.
Sara used the OG TO QUICKLY LEARN the CR question types.

I am sorry
I dont think so
E is inferious than C in that "which clause..." modifies a far noun. though far modification like this case can be in OA-there are abundance of cases in which OA accept this modification- this modification is considered wrong when there is a better choice.

E do not suffer any other meaning other

I think.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing   [#permalink] 07 Apr 2017, 23:27

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