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Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest

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Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 22:50
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  5% (low)

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GMAT® Official Guide Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC
Online test bank question number : CR04738

Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest canopy commands a premium price. However, acquiring and maintaining the certification that allows the crop to be sold as organically grown is very time-consuming and laborious. Meanwhile, the price premium for the grower is about 30 percent, whereas cocoa trees grown in full sun using standard techniques can have twice the yield of organic, shade-grown trees. Financially, therefore, standard techniques are the better choice for the farmer.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Cocoa can be grown only in a climate that has the temperature and moisture characteristics of a tropical rain forest.

(B) Cocoa trees grown using standard techniques require costly applications of fertilizer and pesticides, unlike shade-grown trees.

(C) Although organically grown cocoa has long commanded a price premium over cocoa grown using standard techniques, its price has fluctuated considerably during that period.

(D) Cocoa is not the only cash crop that can be raised on plots that leave the rain forest canopy overhead essentially intact.

(E) Governments and international conservation organizations are working to streamline organic certification so as to relieve farmers of unnecessary work.

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Re: Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 23:02
I would go with B.

D and E are out of scope.
C strengthens the argument.
A might seem right because it mentions rain forest, but this choice only talks about the climate characteristics. It might be possible to provide the same characteristics in standard open sun method too.
B shows that standard method has extra costs.

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Re: Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 04:40
The answer is B.

We'll use the

Alternative

approach, as we aren't entirely sure what we are looking for, and it is thus best to use the answers:

(A) Cocoa can be grown only in a climate that has the temperature and moisture characteristics of a tropical rain forest. - this applies to both growing methods, doesn't help us

(B) Cocoa trees grown using standard techniques require costly applications of fertilizer and pesticides, unlike shade-grown trees. Yes - this is a reason that the standard technique is LESS financially efficient than the organic method

(C) Although organically grown cocoa has long commanded a price premium over cocoa grown using standard techniques, its price has fluctuated considerably during that period. We don't care about the past, but about the price now

(D) Cocoa is not the only cash crop that can be raised on plots that leave the rain forest canopy overhead essentially intact. So what? we are comparing two methods of cocoa growing, not other crops

(E) Governments and international conservation organizations are working to streamline organic certification so as to relieve farmers of unnecessary work. irrelevant
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Re: Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 06:32
Premise:
cocoa is highly priced. two technique to grow. shade-grown and standard. Conclusion says that standard one is the best choice. reason being that this way one can have twice the growth then usual. Make sense. But we need to weaken it. some thoughts are.
1. may be certification issue for this technique.
2. Its all the game of price.
3. Something is wrong with standard technique but not with shade one.


(A) Cocoa can be grown only in a climate that has the temperature and moisture characteristics of a tropical rain forest. ---- not weakner point.

(B) Cocoa trees grown using standard techniques require costly applications of fertilizer and pesticides, unlike shade-grown trees. --- on the line of pre-thinking, 2nd one infact.

(C) Although organically grown cocoa has long commanded a price premium over cocoa grown using standard techniques, its price has fluctuated considerably during that period. --- not exactly a weakner. I think 'its' is used for shade-grown . even after price fluctuation shade one has premium price over the other one then it is really good. how ever its of past, as of now standard one is on the run.

(D) Cocoa is not the only cash crop that can be raised on plots that leave the rain forest canopy overhead essentially intact. --- out of scope.

(E) Governments and international conservation organizations are working to streamline organic certification so as to relieve farmers of unnecessary work. --- even if this happened it will affect both. not a good choice.
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Re: Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2018, 02:12
Simply answer is B as this is the only option which is saying against the standard techniques.
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Re: Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2018, 10:15
hazelnut wrote:
GMAT® Official Guide Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC
Online test bank question number : CR04738

Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest canopy commands a premium price. However, acquiring and maintaining the certification that allows the crop to be sold as organically grown is very time-consuming and laborious. Meanwhile, the price premium for the grower is about 30 percent, whereas cocoa trees grown in full sun using standard techniques can have twice the yield of organic, shade-grown trees. Financially, therefore, standard techniques are the better choice for the farmer.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Cocoa can be grown only in a climate that has the temperature and moisture characteristics of a tropical rain forest.

(B) Cocoa trees grown using standard techniques require costly applications of fertilizer and pesticides, unlike shade-grown trees.

(C) Although organically grown cocoa has long commanded a price premium over cocoa grown using standard techniques, its price has fluctuated considerably during that period.

(D) Cocoa is not the only cash crop that can be raised on plots that leave the rain forest canopy overhead essentially intact.

(E) Governments and international conservation organizations are working to streamline organic certification so as to relieve farmers of unnecessary work.


Here the conclusion is that it is financially a better choice to use the standard techniques.

One way to weaken the argument is to show that standard techniques are not financially better than shade-grown.

Only answer choice B fits this pre thinking.
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Re: Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest &nbs [#permalink] 04 Oct 2018, 10:15
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Cocoa grown organically on trees within the shade of the rain forest

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