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Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnin

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Senior Manager
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Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnin  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2018, 02:38
2
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (01:53) correct 52% (01:41) wrong based on 153 sessions

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Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnings on their products that overstate the dangers their products pose. Product-warning labels should overstate dangers only I f doing so reduces injuries. In fact, however, manufacturers overstate their products' dangers merely for the purpose of protecting themselves from lawsuits brought by parents of injured children. Therefore, manufacturers of children's toys should not overstate the dangers their products pose.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a reasoning flaw in the consumer advocate's argument?

(A) The argument confuses a necessary condition for reducing the number of injuries caused by a product with a sufficient condition
.
(B) The argument overlooks the possibility that warnings that do not overstate the dangers that their products pose do not always reduce injuries.

(C) The argument relies on a sample that is unlikely to be representative.

(D) The argument presumes, without providing justification, that if a warning overstates a danger, then the warning will fail to prevent injuries.

(E) The argument relies on the unjustified assumption that an action has an effect only if it was performed in order to bring about that effect.
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Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnin  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2018, 04:11
AshutoshB wrote:
Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnings on their products that overstate the dangers their products pose. Product-warning labels should overstate dangers only I f doing so reduces injuries. In fact, however, manufacturers overstate their products' dangers merely for the purpose of protecting themselves from lawsuits brought by parents of injured children. Therefore, manufacturers of children's toys should not overstate the dangers their products pose.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a reasoning flaw in the consumer advocate's argument?

(A) The argument confuses a necessary condition for reducing the number of injuries caused by a product with a sufficient condition
.
(B) The argument overlooks the possibility that warnings that do not overstate the dangers that their products pose do not always reduce injuries.

(C) The argument relies on a sample that is unlikely to be representative.

(D) The argument presumes, without providing justification, that if a warning overstates a danger, then the warning will fail to prevent injuries.

(E) The argument relies on the unjustified assumption that an action has an effect only if it was performed in order to bring about that effect.



Imo-

If a toy has a "Choking Hazard" written on it .
One can choke unintentionally.

E for me
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Re: Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnin  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2018, 10:46
My take on the post.
Read along.
AshutoshB wrote:
Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnings on their products that overstate the dangers their products pose. Product-warning labels should overstate dangers only if doing so reduces injuries. In fact, however, manufacturers overstate their products' dangers merely for the purpose of protecting themselves from lawsuits brought by parents of injured children. Therefore, manufacturers of children's toys should not overstate the dangers their products pose.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a reasoning flaw in the consumer advocate's argument?

(A) The argument confuses a necessary condition for reducing the number of injuries caused by a product with a sufficient condition
.The passage doesn't mention anything as the sufficient condition.
(B) The argument overlooks the possibility that warnings that do not overstate the dangers that their products pose do not always reduce injuries.We are talking about the warnings which overstate the dangers. Warnings that do not overstate the dangers are not discussed in the passage.
(C) The argument relies on a sample that is unlikely to be representative.Talks about all manufacturers as a whole. It is certainly representative.

(D) The argument presumes, without providing justification, that if a warning overstates a danger, then the warning will fail to prevent injuries.
This is not justifying as a flaw of the argument. The phrase will fail almost sounds too certain, which is not backed up by the passage.
(E) The argument relies on the unjustified assumption that an action has an effect only if it was performed in order to bring about that effect.The wrong assumption of the consumer advocate that the warning labels are mentioned merely to protect toy manufacturers from lawsuits results.

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Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnin  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2018, 20:07
I will try to answer this question

Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnings on their products that overstate the dangers their products pose. Product-warning labels should overstate dangers only I f doing so reduces injuries. In fact, however, manufacturers overstate their products' dangers merely for the purpose of protecting themselves from lawsuits brought by parents of injured children. Therefore, manufacturers of children's toys should not overstate the dangers their products pose.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a reasoning flaw in the consumer advocate's argument?

(A) The argument confuses a necessary condition for reducing the number of injuries caused by a product with a sufficient condition
.
(B) The argument overlooks the possibility that warnings that do not overstate the dangers that their products pose do not always reduce injuries.

(C) The argument relies on a sample that is unlikely to be representative.

(D) The argument presumes, without providing justification, that if a warning overstates a danger, then the warning will fail to prevent injuries.

(E) The argument relies on the unjustified assumption that an action has an effect only if it was performed in order to bring about that effect.


The answer choice e can be interpreted as:
If an action-printing warning signs- has an effect-preventing against lawsuits- then the warnings were printed to prevent against lawsuits.
Clearly, this is the flaw in this argument as it overlooks the other beneficial effects the warnings can have.
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Consumer advocate: Manufacturers of children's toys often place warnin &nbs [#permalink] 29 Aug 2018, 20:07
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