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Council member: The profits of downtown businesses will increase if

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Council member: The profits of downtown businesses will increase if  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2019, 08:00
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Question Stats:

49% (02:09) correct 51% (02:25) wrong based on 101 sessions

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Council member: The profits of downtown businesses will increase if more consumers live in the downtown area, and a decrease in the cost of living in the downtown area will guarantee that the number of consumers living there will increase. However, the profits of downtown businesses will not increase unless downtown traffic congestion decreases.

If all the council member’s statements are true, which one of the following must be true?

(A) If downtown traffic congestion decreases, the number of consumers living in the downtown area will increase.
(B) If the cost of living in the downtown area decreases, the profits of downtown businesses will increase.
(C) If downtown traffic congestion decreases, the cost of living in the downtown area will increase.
(D) If downtown traffic congestion decreases, the cost of living in the downtown area will decrease.
(E) If the profits of downtown businesses increase, the number of consumers living in the downtown area will increase.

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Re: Council member: The profits of downtown businesses will increase if  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2019, 08:13
Council member: The profits of downtown businesses will increase if more consumers live in the downtown area, and a decrease in the cost of living in the downtown area will guarantee that the number of consumers living there will increase. However, the profits of downtown businesses will not increase unless downtown traffic congestion decreases.

If all the council member’s statements are true, which one of the following must be true?

(A) If downtown traffic congestion decreases, the number of consumers living in the downtown area will increase. WRONG - No correlation between traffic congestion and number of consumers living in downtown area.

(B) If the cost of living in the downtown area decreases, the profits of downtown businesses will increase. Correct - Implied in highlighted sentence

(C) If downtown traffic congestion decreases, the cost of living in the downtown area will increase.WRONG - No correlation between traffic congestion and cost of living.

(D) If downtown traffic congestion decreases, the cost of living in the downtown area will decrease. Wrong - No Correlation

(E) If the profits of downtown businesses increase, the number of consumers living in the downtown area will increase. WRONG - The cause and effect are flipped/reversed
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Re: Council member: The profits of downtown businesses will increase if  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2019, 11:08
Hi nightblade354,

Could you please look at the option choices for this question? Won't statement following however has any impact on answer choice.
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Re: Council member: The profits of downtown businesses will increase if  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2019, 03:39
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Wonderwoman31 wrote:
Hi nightblade354,

Could you please look at the option choices for this question? Won't statement following however has any impact on answer choice.


Council member: The profits of downtown businesses will increase if more consumers live in the downtown area, and a decrease in the cost of living in the downtown area will guarantee that the number of consumers living there will increase. However, the profits of downtown businesses will not increase unless downtown traffic congestion decreases.

Type-inference
Boil it down-
1. The profits of downtown businesses will increase if more consumers live in the downtown area- "more consumers living in the downtown area" is a sufficient condition for the profits of downtown businesses to increase
2. A decrease in the cost of living in the downtown area will guarantee that the number of consumers living there will increase- "a decrease in the cost of living in the downtown area" is a sufficient condition for the number of consumers living there to increase
3. The profits of downtown businesses will not increase unless downtown traffic congestion decreases - "decrease in downtown traffic congestion" is a necessary condition for an increase in profits of downtown businesses

(A) If downtown traffic congestion decreases, the number of consumers living in the downtown area will increase.- incorrect- necessary condition is made a sufficient condition
(B) If the cost of living in the downtown area decreases, the profits of downtown businesses will increase. - Correct- combines statements 1 and 2
(C) If downtown traffic congestion decreases, the cost of living in the downtown area will increase. - incorrect- necessary condition is made a sufficient condition and then part(result aspect) is incorrect
(D) If downtown traffic congestion decreases, the cost of living in the downtown area will decrease. - incorrect- necessary condition is made a sufficient condition and then part(result aspect) is incorrect
(E) If the profits of downtown businesses increase, the number of consumers living in the downtown area will increase. - incorrect- reverses the causality

Answer B

Wonderwoman31,
Hope this helps! :)
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Re: Council member: The profits of downtown businesses will increase if   [#permalink] 26 Jan 2019, 03:39
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