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# Despite having vs although accounting for..

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Manager
Joined: 02 Oct 2009
Posts: 92

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Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2009, 23:58
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

59% (00:34) correct 41% (00:23) wrong based on 134 sessions

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With only 5 percent of the world’s population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.

(A) With
(B) As
(C) Being
(D) Despite having
(E) Although accounting for
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 24 May 2017, 08:05, edited 4 times in total.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Aug 2009
Posts: 415

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Location: Sydney, Australia
Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2009, 00:38
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I think the answer is E.

The subject is "United States citizens". If we flip the sentence around it might help.

United States citizens "with" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> wrong
United States citizens "as" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> seems a bit wrong
United States citizens "being" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> strange sentence construction
United States citizens "despite having" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> this would be correct if it was united states instead of citizens
United States citizens "although accounting for" only 5 percent of the world’s population -> citizens can account for 5% so this seems right to me.

What is the OA?

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Manager
Joined: 02 Oct 2009
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2009, 08:05
Hey you are correct...OA is E...Thanks for the great explaination!!!

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Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2009
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2009, 09:02
Quote:
With only 5 percent of the world’s population, United States citizens consume 28 percent of its nonrenewable resources, drive more than one-third of its automobiles, and use 21 times more water per capita than Europeans do.
(A) With
(B) As
(C) Being
(D) Despite having
(E) Although accounting for

'Despite having' gives the wrong meaning. Look closely.

E all the way

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Manager
Joined: 30 Mar 2013
Posts: 130

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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2013, 23:24
could someone please explain why As is wrong? you are as good as her. As shows comparison.

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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 00:18
usre123 wrote:
could someone please explain why As is wrong? you are as good as her. As shows comparison.

Hello usre123

First of all, we need a contrast meaning here, not a comparison. If you use comparison, you compare 5% of the world's population to what?.

Secondly, "AS + noun/noun phrase" ==> "as" is a PREPOSITION. There are only 3 circumstances: conveys function, equation or time/when, BUT NOT comparison.
For example:
Function AS: As a new manager, Mark always works more than 10 hours per day
Equation AS: I think of you AS my friend.
Stage AS: AS a child, I though I could fly.

Thus, "as" does not make any sense here and is wrong usage.

Hope it helps.
_________________

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"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 10:17
I chose E, however I do not understand what is wrong with B (it is true that this choice sounds awkward, but is there anything else wrong?).

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Senior Manager
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2017, 03:15
Dear mikemcgarry sir,
How are you?

"although accounting for" is correct answer, Why not "although accounted for"? What's the difference between these two?
I think C (being) is wrong, but i can't understand why...

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We Shall Overcome... One day...

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2017, 14:35
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Expert's post
nahid78 wrote:
Dear mikemcgarry sir,
How are you?

"although accounting for" is correct answer, Why not "although accounted for"? What's the difference between these two?
I think C (being) is wrong, but i can't understand why...

Dear nahid78,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, with all due respect, you really need to develop a habit of reading. So many of your questions, such as this one, give evidence of your lack of experience with the subtleties of the English language. They are evidence of a mind that has a large knowledge of abstract rules rather than access to direct experience. Rules simply will not get you to SC mastery. This is very important to appreciate. Again, I will recommend:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

The short answer to your question is the substitution that you propose makes absolutely no sense.

What we have here is a structure of [subordinating conjunction] + [participle]. Since subordinating conjunctions have to be followed by a full [noun] + [verb] clause, there always has to be an implied pronoun and auxiliary verb as part of this structure. Thus, if we included the omitted text, the OA would be:
Although [they are] accounting for only 5 percent of the world’s population, United States citizens consume . . .
This makes perfect sense. The present participle (the -ing form) is an active participle. This is appropriate, as the US citizens are the ones who "account" for this percent of the planet.
The past participle (the -ed form) is a passive participle. Right away, that's problematic with this verb. The object of the verb structure "to account for" is always a percent or count or number. In the passive structure, this percent, "5% of the world population" would have to be the subject. Having the same subject when we change the verb from active to passive produces nonsense.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Manager
Joined: 15 Jun 2016
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2017, 18:40
Hello expert, according to OG, although (being conjunction) should be followed by finite clause, but here 'accounting for5 percent..' is not a finite clause.

pLease explain which concept i am lacking?

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Senior Manager
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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2017, 04:38
mikemcgarry sir,

Thank you so much sir.
At first i was so weak at english that i scored 12 on my first GMAT prep test i took in 2015. I have been struggling since then. I purchased E-gmat and improved my skill a little, but this improvement is not enough. I somehow can understand grammatical issues, but subtle meaning, which is frequently checked on GMAT, almost always defeats me.
My last tests results are given below... (I am sharing these results so that you can understand my situation and I need to score at least 700)
I study as much as I can,(I read the economist and scientific american ) but not exactly in the way you have suggested on this article. I will definitely follow your suggestions.
You have been so helpful to me that i think thanks isn't enough to offer. I am very very grateful...
Best wishes...
-Nahid
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Kudos [?]: 176 [0], given: 350

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Re: Despite having vs although accounting for.. [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2017, 09:07
VKat wrote:
Hello expert, according to OG, although (being conjunction) should be followed by finite clause, but here 'accounting for5 percent..' is not a finite clause.

pLease explain which concept i am lacking?

Dear VKat,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, I am going to ask you to read carefully my last post, Mar 27, 2017 2:35 pm, the post directly above yours. In that post, I address this question specifically. Please let me know if you have questions.

Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Kudos [?]: 8997 [0], given: 113

Re: Despite having vs although accounting for..   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2017, 09:07
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