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Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabie

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Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabie  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 10:52
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabies almost always kills its victims unless inoculated in the earliest stages of the disease.

(A) its victims unless inoculated

(B) its victims unless they are inoculated

(C) its victims unless inoculation is done

(D) the victims unless there is an inoculation

(E) the victims unless inoculated


Project SC Butler: Day 27: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Re: Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabie  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 11:23
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sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 27: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabies almost always kills its victims unless inoculated in the earliest stages of the disease.

(A) its victims unless inoculated

(B) its victims unless they are inoculated

(C) its victims unless inoculation is done

(D) the victims unless there is an inoculation

(E) the victims unless inoculated

The best/excellent answers get kudos. There can be no best answer, or a few excellent answers!


" They " in (B) clearly refers to the victim, hence Answer must be (B), errors in other options highlighted in red...
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Re: Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabie  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 12:11
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2- Wh question are essential to the meaning of this sentence.

1st - "Who" are inoculated? -
Rabies victims.

Pronoun - "they" gives this clarity.

Eliminate A) and C).

2nd- "Whose" victims are inoculated?

Rabies.

Pronoun ‘its’ is required for clarity that the victims are rabies victims.

Eliminate D) and E).

Ans : B

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Re: Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabie  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 12:24
Answer: B.

"They" makes it clear that it is the "victims" that are inoculated.
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Re: Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabie  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Dec 2018, 08:25
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Here's my take:

sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 27: Sentence Correction (SC1)



Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabies almost always kills its victims unless inoculated in the earliest stages of the disease.

(A) its victims unless inoculated

(B) its victims unless they are inoculated

(C) its victims unless inoculation is done

(D) the victims unless there is an inoculation

(E) the victims unless inoculated



Meaning analysis:
If the victims of rabies are not inoculated in the early stages of the disease, then rabies almost always kills the victims.

(A) its victims unless inoculated - The verb "inoculated" is not being preceded by a pronoun. A question arises, "What is inoculated"? The rabies or the victims? This is incorrect.

(B) its victims unless they are inoculated - The plural pronoun "they" refers to "victims" as this is the only plural noun preceding it. The victims have to be inoculated in the early stages of disease. This goes well with our meaning analysis. Correct.

(C) its victims unless inoculation is done - Similar error like option "A". It needs to be clear as to inoculation is done "to whom" or "for whom"? (Rabies or victims)? Incorrect.

(D) the victims unless there is an inoculation - Similar error as C. Needs to be clear there is inoculation for whom? Incorrect

(E) the victims unless inoculated - Exact Same error as A. Incorrect
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Originally posted by Darshi04 on 04 Dec 2018, 02:08.
Last edited by Darshi04 on 04 Dec 2018, 08:25, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabie  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 07:28
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Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabies almost always kills its victims unless inoculated in the earliest stages of the disease.

Two possible errors are found in the underlined text.
1. Pronoun error
Pronoun "its" correctly refers to rabies. Even if we don't know the word rabies;which looks plural, verb "kills" implies that rabies is singular, thus "its" is correct. No error.

2. Subject-verb agreement error
There is no subject for the verb "inoculated".

With this pre-thinking, we can eliminate the answer choices A, C, E

(B) its victims unless they are inoculated
(IMO) Correct. Subject "they" are placed and correctly refers to "victims"

(D) the victims unless there is an inoculation
Subject "there" is vague; Normally the answer choice is incorrect in GMAT when "there" is placed in the subject.
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Re: Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabie  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 11:19
Official Explanation :

Choices A and E illogically suggest that rabies rather than the victims of rabies should be inoculated in the earliest stages of the disease.

Choice B is best: it is logical, clear, and more precise than choice C and D, which do not specify who or what is being inoculated.
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Re: Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabie  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2018, 05:32
Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabies almost always kills its victims unless inoculated in the earliest stages of the disease.

(A) its victims unless inoculated

(B) its victims unless they are inoculated

(C) its victims unless inoculation is done

(D) the victims unless there is an inoculation

(E) the victims unless inoculated

The key word in this sentence is "kills". It tells you whether rabies is singular or plural.
We can eliminate (D) and (E)
(C) "is done" is passive voice
In, (B), the word "they" refers back to "victims"

Ans: (B)
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Re: Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2019, 04:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2019, 04:34
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