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Everyone should have access to more than one newspaper,

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Everyone should have access to more than one newspaper,  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2018, 04:08
4
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

24% (01:33) correct 76% (01:20) wrong based on 157 sessions

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Everyone should have access to more than one newspaper, for there are at least two sides to every story. Since all sides of an important story should be covered, and no newspaper adequately covers all sides of every one of its stories, some important stories would not be adequately covered if there were only one newspaper.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the reasoning of the argument?


A. The argument confuses the inability to cover all sides of every story with the inability to cover all sides of any important story.

B. The argument overlooks the possibility that two newspapers could provide the same incomplete coverage of the same important stories.

C. A conclusion about what newspapers should do is inferred solely from statements about what newspapers in fact do.

D. The argument takes for granted that everyone has access to all newspapers.

E. The argument is concerned only with important stories and not with all stories.

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Re: Everyone should have access to more than one newspaper,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2018, 04:56
1
Hi,

Could someone please explain why the OA is A? And what is the error with option B?
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Re: Everyone should have access to more than one newspaper,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2018, 20:42
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Everyone should have access to more than one newspaper(Main conclusion), for there are at least two sides to every story. Since all sides of an important story should be covered, and no newspaper adequately covers all sides of every one of its stories, some important stories would not be adequately covered if there were only one newspaper.(Intermediate Conclusion)

Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the reasoning of the argument?


A. The argument confuses the inability to cover all sides of every story with the inability to cover all sides of any important story.The questions states that "all sides of an important story should be covered" and then moves to argue that "one news paper can't cover all sides of every story". The flaw here is the jump from important to all. If only one news paper exists and it can still cover all sides of important story while giving minimal space to non-important story.The argument considers the inability to cover all sides of every story as the inability to cover all sides of any important story.

B. The argument overlooks the possibility that two newspapers could provide the same incomplete coverage of the same important stories. This is a classic misdirection. The argument never says that one should have access to two news papers. It says one should have access to more than one news paper. Then it doesn't say that every story has only two sides. It says that every story has at-least two sides. It combines both these stalemates to make a misdirect option in B.There is a possibility that out of all the news paper out there two of them can cover the same side of the story. But the author doesn't want everyone to have access to only 2 news news paper. He wants Everyone to have access to more than one.

C. A conclusion about what newspapers should do is inferred solely from statements about what newspapers in fact do.Out of Scope. The argument is about what should people have access to not what news papers should do.

D. The argument takes for granted that everyone has access to all newspapers. Extreme. Everyone should have access to more than one news paper, not all the papers.

E. The argument is concerned only with important stories and not with all stories. Not a flaw as both premise and intermediate conclusion are about important stories.

Ans : A
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Re: Everyone should have access to more than one newspaper,  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2018, 20:07

Question Type:


ID the Flaw

Stimulus Breakdown:


Conclusion: Everyone should have access to multiple papers.

Premises:


Every story has 2 sides. Important stories should have all sides covered. No newspaper covers all sides of all stories.

I. Conclusion: Some important stories not adequately covered by only one paper.

Answer Anticipation:
Interesting question with a lot of moving parts!

The main conclusion here is actually valid! If important stories should have all sides covered, and some important stories are not adequately covered by a single paper, then everyone should have access to multiple papersan .

Since the main conclusion is valid, the gap must be between the premises and intermediate conclusion.

Simplifying the argument at this point can help:
Important stories need all sides covered.
Newspapers sometimes don't cover all sides of a story.
Therefore, some important stories not adequately covered.

Where's the gap there? It's an overlapping set issue! Newspapers don't always cover all sides to a story, but we don't know that "sometimes" includes important stories. Maybe they always make sure to cover all sides to important stories; they let the unimportant stories ("Cute Cat Picture on Internet Causes Lowere Productivity!") slide by.

Correct Answer:
(A)

Answer Choice Analysis:


(A) Bingo. This answer choice brings up the shift between missing sides of some stories and missing sides of important stories.

(B) Reversal. The argument treats multiple newspapers as necessary to address the issue, but it doesn't state that it is sufficient to solve the problem. If I think you should study for the Logic Games section, that doesn't mean I think it's sufficient to do well on the test!

(C) Out of scope. The argument is about what people should have access to, not what newspapers should do. In fact, the argument tries to overcome a deficiency in news coverage, not correct the coverage itself.

(D) Too extreme. The argument is about having access to multiple papers, not all papers.

(E) Two issues here (pun intended). First, the argument talks about both important stories and all stories - that's the flaw! Second, even if the argument was concerned only with important stories, that's not inherently a flaw. It would only be a flaw if the premises were about only important stories but the conclusion was about all stories.

Takeaway/Pattern:
If there's an intermediate conclusion, there's a chance the flaw in the argument relates to a gap between the premises and i. conclusion.
Re: Everyone should have access to more than one newspaper, &nbs [#permalink] 23 Aug 2018, 20:07
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