For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in

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For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2006, 01:11
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For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

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13 Jul 2006, 02:16
A stands.
B and C are out because of 'being'.
In D, ' to be ' is redundant.
E comes close but ' that ' incorrectly modifies ' arroweed '. It should modify ' shades '

Last edited by buzzgaurav on 13 Jul 2006, 03:00, edited 1 time in total.
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13 Jul 2006, 02:52
fireboll wrote:
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

Should be E.......

In A, each is modified by dwellings which are not only roofs but the whole house in itself
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13 Jul 2006, 07:08
sumitsarkar82 wrote:
fireboll wrote:
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

Should be E.......

In A, each is modified by dwellings which are not only roofs but the whole house in itself

"Are" in E creates a conflict of tenses. This sentence is about the past dwellings used by the Mojave.

(A) stands.

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13 Jul 2006, 08:31
yepp A.

agree that E creates a conflict of tenses.
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13 Jul 2006, 13:55
it is A

Avoid "being" B and C out

In E "shades, ... that are..." has the wrong tense and D has "to be"
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20 Jul 2006, 05:46
buzzgaurav wrote:
A stands.
B and C are out because of 'being'.
In D, ' to be ' is redundant.
E comes close but ' that ' incorrectly modifies ' arroweed '. It should modify ' shades '

Does that always refer to the thing immediately preceding it.... or it can refer to a subject much before in the sentence.
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20 Jul 2006, 10:39
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

sumitsarkar82 wrote:
buzzgaurav wrote:
A stands.
B and C are out because of 'being'.
In D, ' to be ' is redundant.
E comes close but ' that ' incorrectly modifies ' arroweed '. It should modify ' shades '

Does that always refer to the thing immediately preceding it.... or it can refer to a subject much before in the sentence.

That ALWAYS refers to the subject. That's why prepositional phrases (that have nouns disguised as subjects as in this example - poles and arroweed) immediately followed by a relative "that/which" create a huge confusion - however, once you mark the prepositional in parenthesis you will be able to see the real subject -

So in this example - "that" still modifies "shades"

shades (with roofs of poles and arroweed) that are supported by posts set in a rectangle.

However there is still a problem with the choice E.
The sentence in E looks as if "known as shades that are supported by posts set in a rectangle" - however it is not the shades themselves that are supported by posts - rather, as only the choice A brings out - these shades are in turn structures that are "each a roof of poles and arroweed supported by posts set in a rectangle"

Hence choice A is more appropriate and concise. But from a grammatical standpoint I don't think there's anything wrong with choice E. It's just that A is more appropriate as well as concise.
20 Jul 2006, 10:39
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