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For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided,

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For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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In "that" and "which" modifies immediate noun/pronoun before them. In this case "that" is modifying "arrowweed" and I do not think logic of sentence requires just arrowweed to be supported rather whole roof supported. Moreover "arrowweed" is singular and cannot be referred as that are rather that is.

IMO D. Please confirm the answer.
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2008, 09:04
I agree with the explanation for why E is wrong. However, I think the answer should be A.

"each" refers to the shades.

IMO A
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2008, 10:04
vivektripathi wrote:
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

Why it shouldn't be E -with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are???


Should be A.

What referes to "that"? a roof of poles and arrowweed? nope. arrowweed? yup but thats not correct use of "that".

In general, I have found modifying phrase with "with" is normally incorrect.
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2008, 10:42
vivektripathi wrote:
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.
(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

Why it shouldn't be E -with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are???


arroweed that are is incorrect in E

Again eliminate C,D and E since with usage is wrong here,since shades are defined after coma here .
A,B left out and hence A is the correct answer
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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For c/d/e, "with" implies that that Mojave lived with roofs of poles, not flat-topped dwellings with roofs of poles. So with a and b left, b is awkward with 'being' and the best choice is A
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2008, 15:28
abhijit_sen wrote:
In "that" and "which" modifies immediate noun/pronoun before them. In this case "that" is modifying "arrowweed" and I do not think logic of sentence requires just arrowweed to be supported rather whole roof supported. Moreover "arrowweed" is singular and cannot be referred as that are rather that is.

IMO D. Please confirm the answer.



I just want to makea point that "are" is refering correclty to the compunded subject.

IMO A
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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lgon wrote:
308. For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.
(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

I think E is correct.. but it is not.. what is wrong with E?


"With roofs..." modifies "The Mojave lived", not "dwellings", that is why E wrong!
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2008, 07:39
sondenso wrote:
lgon wrote:
308. For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.
(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

I think E is correct.. but it is not.. what is wrong with E?


"With roofs..." modifies "The Mojave lived", not "dwellings", that is why E wrong!


OA is A, but my question is each a roof.... modifies the shades.. but shades are not a roof..but has a roof ... So it should be wrong.. Am i wrong?
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2009, 01:03
I think in this case the key to solve the problem is to realize that 'arrowweed' is a sort of plant (Google it). So A is the only right description of what the 'shape' exactly is.
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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lgon wrote:
sondenso wrote:
lgon wrote:
308. For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.
(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

I think E is correct.. but it is not.. what is wrong with E?


"With roofs..." modifies "The Mojave lived", not "dwellings", that is why E wrong!


OA is A, but my question is each a roof.... modifies the shades.. but shades are not a roof..but has a roof ... So it should be wrong.. Am i wrong?


I think that the modifier is the whole of "each a roof of poles and arrowweed [/u]supported by posts set in a rectangle". Not just the roof component. This modifies "flat-topped dwellings known as shades".

So the modifier describes the whole dwelling, and shades is what the dwelling is known as so A is accurate.
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2011, 11:23
The place is "open sided", so it is just a roof and thatz what the author wants to emphasize on. Hence it is A.
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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308. For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.
(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed correct
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being usage of are changes the tense
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed incorrectly modifies shades
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be incorrectly modifies shades
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that areusage of are changes teh tense
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2015, 03:05
Naina1 wrote:
Could anyone please explain why C is wrong?



Because of the use of "being", I think.

The original sentence is in past tense.
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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Naina1 wrote:
Could anyone please explain why C is wrong?


Hi,

Prepositional modifiers have always been onne of the most controversial modifiers, as they can modify a NOUN, a VERB or a complete Clause. In situations like the ones posed by option C, it is best to use Logic and meaning clarity to judge the use of the prepositional modifier.
Another thing to keep in mind that a prepositional modifier when modifies a NOUN, it may reflect either a sense of belonging or copanionship.
Ex:
Ram went to park, with Ravi. (companionship)
Ram painted with a pen. (Belonging)

With option C in place, the sentence becomes :-
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

"with each..." can modify a NOUN ( "shades" ) or the complete independent clause.
Assuming it is modifying the NOUN ( "shades" ), we can logically conclude that this makes no logical sense. Shades "with" (either companion or belonging) "their being blah blah...".
Again, assuming "with each..." modifies the preceding independent clause, we can see that the meaning of the sentence becomes more nonsensical.

So, the option C is definitely a NO GO.

Answer should be A.
Hope this Helped.. :)
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2015, 14:08
lgon wrote:
308. For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.
(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

I think E is correct.. but it is not.. what is wrong with E?


If you have a closer look at E -
WITH is trying to connect two independent clauses. This is wrong since it is not one of those FANBOYS conjunction.
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2015, 04:32
if we do not know the sentence patterns, we can not solve this problem.

knowing the sentence patterns is the most basic thing, any user of english needs to know and gmat tests this poin because this is basic. gmat is basic
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2015, 10:20
comma + "with" explains how the action in the previous clause was performed.
Here, from the context it is clear that we have describe "shades" and not explain how they "lived" (action in the previous clause)
So, B, C and E are out.

A. each a roof of poles and arrowweed
This explains that each shade had a roof of poles and arrowweed (i dont know what "arrowweed" means, but it could possibly be a noun because it is connected to poles by "and") and retains the past tense by just using "supported"

B. each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
The 1st part of the sentence is in the past tense, so past tense is preferred.
It should have been "that were supported" and not "that are being supported"

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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2017, 13:31
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please explain why options C, D and E are wrong. I am not clear with these 3. Though I have tried to explain these 3 options below.

My Understanding :

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
each here refers to shades correctly and provides further information what these dwellings are comprised of. Sounds OK

(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
The usage of that are being means that the arrow weeds are currently supported by posts set in a rectangle. That is not the intended meaning. So, incorrect.

(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
Usage of 'with each' sounds awkward to me, using only each instead serves the purpose. Usage of being is also not correct in this sentence because it is neither used as a passive progressive verb or as a noun.

(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
this suggests that dwellings are with roofs of poles and arrowweed. This meaning is non sensical. Instead the intended meaning is that dwellings each consist of a roof and arrowhead.

(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are
similar issue as option D.

Thanks.
-Varun
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2017, 14:42
aceGMAT21 wrote:
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided, flat-topped dwellings known as shades, each a roof of poles and arrowweed supported by posts set in a rectangle.

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are

Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please explain why options C, D and E are wrong. I am not clear with these 3. Though I have tried to explain these 3 options below.

My Understanding :

(A) each a roof of poles and arrowweed
each here refers to shades correctly and provides further information what these dwellings are comprised of. Sounds OK

(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
The usage of that are being means that the arrow weeds are currently supported by posts set in a rectangle. That is not the intended meaning. So, incorrect.

(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
Usage of 'with each' sounds awkward to me, using only each instead serves the purpose. Usage of being is also not correct in this sentence because it is neither used as a passive progressive verb or as a noun.

(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
this suggests that dwellings are with roofs of poles and arrowweed. This meaning is non sensical. Instead the intended meaning is that dwellings each consist of a roof and arrowhead.

(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are
similar issue as option D.

Thanks.
-Varun

Dear aceGMAT21 Varun,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

This is a great question, and clearly (A) is the best answer.

(B) each a roof of poles and arrowweed that are being
It may be that the present tense is implied, but the big problem is that this is very awkward. Introducing the word "being" more often than not produces very awkward-sounding constructions. This one sounds so bad that it should be taken out back and shot.

(C) with each being a roof of poles and arrowweed
Again, the appearance of "being" makes this very awkward-sounding. Also, in (C)-(E), the "with" introduction is awkward: these dwellings aren't "with" a roof--they are a roof! The appositive phrase, in (A), is so much more natural.

(D) with roofs of poles and arrowweed to be
This also has the problematic "with" and the "to be supported" implies some kind of imperative, as if God has commanded these roofs to be set on poles. The entire connotation is very strange and very different from the descriptive tone of the prompt.

(E) with roofs of poles and arrowweed that are
This also has the problematic "with" and it is simply clumsy and awkward. This is the opposite of elegance.

All four of these are clearly wrong, and (A) is superb. This is such a great question. As someone who rights practice questions for a living, I am always in awe of the official question.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in open-sided,   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2017, 14:42

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