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# For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady

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For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2015, 05:12
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For years, U.S. employers have counted on a steady flow of labor from Mexico willing to accept low-skilled, low paying jobs. These workers, many of whom leave economically depressed villages in the Mexican interior, are often more than willing to work for wages well below both the U.S. minimum wage and the poverty line. However, thanks to a dramatic demographic shift currently taking place in Mexico, the seemingly inexhaustible supply of workers migrating from Mexico to the United States might one day greatly diminish if not cease.

Predictions of such a drastic decrease in the number of Mexican immigrants, both legal and illegal, are driven by Mexico’s rapidly diminishing population growth. As a result of a decades-long family planning campaign, most Mexicans are having far fewer children than was the norm a generation ago. The campaign, organized around the
slogan that “the small family lives better,” saw the Mexican government establish family-planning clinics and offer free contraception. For nearly three decades, the government’s message concerning population hasn’t wavered. In fact, the Mexican Senate recently voted to extend public school sex education programs to kindergarten.

The result of Mexico’s efforts to stem population growth is nothing short of stunning. In 1968, the average Mexican woman had just fewer than seven children; today, the figure is slightly more than two. For two primary reasons, Mexico’s new demographics could greatly impact the number of Mexicans seeking work in the U.S. First, smaller
families by their nature limit the pool of potential migrants. Second, the slowing of Mexico’s population growth has fostered hope that Mexico will develop a healthy middle
class of people content to make their livelihoods in their home country.

Though the former of these factors is all but assured, the growth of a healthy middle class is far from a foregone conclusion. The critical challenge for Mexico is what it
does with the next 20 years. Mexico must invest in education, job training, and infrastructure, as well as a social-security system to protect its aging population. If
Mexico is willing to step forward and meet this challenge, America may one day wake up to find that, like cheap gasoline, cheap Mexican labor has become a thing of the
past.

1.The passage does NOT indicate which of the following concerning Mexico’s current demographics?
A.Due to the government’s family planning campaign, Mexico’s population is currently diminishing.
B. On average, Mexican women are having approximately one-third the number of children that they had in 1968.
C.Many Mexicans still migrate to the United States in search of work.
D. As a result of declining birth rates, Mexico’s population is aging.
E.A healthy middle class in Mexico has not yet fully developed.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

2. Which of the following is most strongly suggested about U.S. employers of Mexican immigrants?

A. Most of these employers pay Mexican immigrants less money than they pay American citizens.
B. Some of these employers violate wage laws.
C. Many of these employers work in the agricultural industry.
D. Without Mexican immigrants, some of these employers would be forced to close their businesses.
E. The majority of these employers show no concern for the welfare of their workers.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

3.With which of the following statements would the author of the passage MOST likely agree?
A. The United States will soon have to replace lost Mexican labor with labor provided by other immigrant groups.
B. It is difficult for a country with a large population to develop a healthy middle class.
C. Many Mexican immigrants who work in the United States believe that they are taken advantage of by American employers.
D. Most rapidly growing countries should institute a family planning campaign to limit population growth.
E. Mexico does not currently have the infrastructure to develop a healthy middle class.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

4.One function of the final paragraph of the passage is to
A. relate why the number of Mexican immigrants seeking work in the United States is certain to decline.
B. detail the successes of Mexico’s family planning campaign.
C. explain why the number of Mexican immigrants seeking work in the United States may not dramatically decrease.
D. specify the types of infrastructure in which Mexico must invest.
E. notify American employers that they will soon need to find alternative sources of labor.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

_________________

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 01 Sep 2016, 23:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2016, 23:11
Took 7 mins 40 seconds , including 2 mins 20 seconds to read.

1.(A) CORRECT. The passage states several times that Mexico’s population growth is diminishing due to the country’s declining birth rate. However, the passage never
suggests that Mexico’s population itself is diminishing.
(B) The third paragraph states that, on average, a Mexican woman had just fewer than seven children in 1968. Today the average number of children born to a
Mexican woman is slightly more than two, or approximately one-third of the 1968 figure.
(C) The first paragraph states that U.S. employers are still counting on a steady flow of labor from Mexico. To reinforce this contention, the final sentence of the first
paragraph says this flow might “one day” diminish, indicating that at present it is continuing.
(D) The final paragraph states that Mexico’s population is aging. This aging of the population naturally results from the declining number of babies born in Mexico. As
fewer babies are born, the average age of the population gradually increases.
(E) The third and final paragraphs indicate that a healthy middle class in Mexico is a hope and a goal but that it is far from a foregone conclusion.

2.
The correct answer to an inference question must be directly supported by evidence from the text. The passage states that U.S. employers of Mexican immigrants often
provide low-skilled, low-paying jobs to individuals who "are often more than willing to work for wages well below both the U.S. minimum wage and the poverty line."

(A) No information is provided concerning the amount of money paid to American citizens. It is possible that there are many Americans who also work for wages well
below both the U.S. minimum wage and the poverty line.
(B) CORRECT. If some of these immigrant workers are accepting wages “well belowthe U.S. minimum wage,” their American employers must be violating wage laws (i.e.
paying wages below what the U.S. minimum wage requires).

3.
(E) CORRECT. In the final paragraph, the author indicates that "the growth of a healthy middle class is far from a foregone conclusion. The critical challenge for
Mexico is what it does with the next 20 years.” Then, the author indicates the steps that Mexico must take. Thus, the author obviously believes that Mexico does not
currently have the infrastructure to develop a healthy middle class. The key, for the author, is whether Mexico is willing and able to build this infrastructure.

4.
The final paragraph primarily explains why the development of a healthy middle class, an important factor in limiting the desire of many Mexicans to migrate to the
United States, is not a foregone conclusion.
(C) CORRECT. The final paragraph explains that Mexico must take specific actions to foster the development of a healthy middle class. Without a healthy middle class,
the author believes that large numbers of Mexicans will continue to seek work in the United States.
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 05:05
Hi Skywalker18,

3rd Question
Can you please explain why option D is wrong . In 3 para we have " mexico should invest in education , training, infra and social security".
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 06:03
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AbhijitGoswami wrote:
Hi Skywalker18,

3rd Question
Can you please explain why option D is wrong . In 3 para we have " mexico should invest in education , training, infra and social security".

Hi abhijit ,
This answer choice talks about the author’s attitude toward countries other than Mexico - " Most rapidly growing countries ". The passage, however, discusses only Mexico and its policies and challenges.
Hope this helps!!
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 06:18
Thank you for the prompt reply.

-Abhijit
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2016, 23:39
Top Contributor
Please would anyone explain why for

Q.3 B is wrong: It is difficult for a country with a large population to develop a healthy middle class:
Mexico a country with large population and the difficulties to develop a healthy middle class are given in last paragraph

and

Q4. D is wrong : specify the types of infrastructure in which Mexico must invest
Education, Job training, infrastructure and social security are given in past paragraph.
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2016, 17:38
PUNEETSCHDV wrote:
Please would anyone explain why for

Q.3 B is wrong: It is difficult for a country with a large population to develop a healthy middle class:
Mexico a country with large population and the difficulties to develop a healthy middle class are given in last paragraph

and

Q4. D is wrong : specify the types of infrastructure in which Mexico must invest
Education, Job training, infrastructure and social security are given in past paragraph.

Q3:The author mentioned that"Though the former of these factors is all but assured, the growth of a healthy middle class is far from a foregone conclusion. " There is no correlation between large population and the difficulties to develop a healthy middle class.

Q4: I think D is the content not the function. But C points out the function.
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2018, 23:46
Would anyone please explain the reason for the question 2 to eliminate A as the potential answer ?
Both A and B may be right and both may be wrong also by the possibility of what has not been told in the option choices ..

So how to eliminate this kind of trap ?
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2018, 02:16
I cannot figure this question. Why is the answer A?
1.The passage does NOT indicate which of the following concerning Mexico’s current demographics?
A.Due to the government’s family planning campaign, Mexico’s population is currently diminishing.
B. On average, Mexican women are having approximately one-third the number of children that they had in 1968.
C.Many Mexicans still migrate to the United States in search of work.
D. As a result of declining birth rates, Mexico’s population is aging.
E.A healthy middle class in Mexico has not yet fully developed.
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2018, 02:24
soumya170293 wrote:
Would anyone please explain the reason for the question 2 to eliminate A as the potential answer ?
Both A and B may be right and both may be wrong also by the possibility of what has not been told in the option choices ..

So how to eliminate this kind of trap ?

These workers, many of whom leave economically depressed villages in the Mexican interior, are often more than willing to work for wages well below both the U.S. minimum wage and the poverty line.
The text only states the Mexican workers receive the unfair payment that is under the minimum wage.
There is no evidence to support A that many American citizens get the payment that above or equal to.
A. Most of these employers pay Mexican immigrants less money than they pay American citizens.
B. Some of these employers violate wage laws.
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Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2018, 10:45
David8100 wrote:
soumya170293 wrote:
Would anyone please explain the reason for the question 2 to eliminate A as the potential answer ?
Both A and B may be right and both may be wrong also by the possibility of what has not been told in the option choices ..

So how to eliminate this kind of trap ?

These workers, many of whom leave economically depressed villages in the Mexican interior, are often more than willing to work for wages well below both the U.S. minimum wage and the poverty line.
The text only states the Mexican workers receive the unfair payment that is under the minimum wage.
There is no evidence to support A that many American citizens get the payment that above or equal to.
A. Most of these employers pay Mexican immigrants less money than they pay American citizens.
B. Some of these employers violate wage laws.

My reasoning is that the fact that they are willing to work for extremely low wages does not imply that there are employers that pay them in such way.
I think that A is better because implies that as the mexican workers are so "desperate" maybe they can accept the minimum, but we cannot say for certain that some employers violate the law.

These are only my 2 cents
Re: For years, employers in the United States have counted on a steady   [#permalink] 25 Jan 2018, 10:45
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