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# forces causing the disaster 2. forces that caused the

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Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
Posts: 229
forces causing the disaster 2. forces that caused the  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2012, 18:22
1. forces causing the disaster

2. forces that caused the disaster.

What's the difference between those two sentences in terms of meaning?

I looked up, and some say that 1 means that the forces is causing now, and 2 menas just explain general facts.
Is that right?
Manager
Status: Seeking new horizons...
Joined: 03 Sep 2010
Posts: 60
Location: Taiwan
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
Schools: ESADE '15 (A)
Re: PT #4 SC20 sth that Verb vs sth V-ing  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2012, 21:05
eybrj2 wrote:
1. forces causing the disaster

2. forces that caused the disaster.

What's the difference between those two sentences in terms of meaning?

I looked up, and some say that 1 means that the forces is causing now, and 2 menas just explain general facts.
Is that right?

1 is present continuous tense.
2 is simple past tense.

Can you please give the entire sentence so that the exact meaning becomes clear?
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Manager
Joined: 25 May 2011
Posts: 115
Re: PT #4 SC20 sth that Verb vs sth V-ing  [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2012, 00:19
1. forces causing the disaster

2. forces that caused the disaster.

The tense of the first one is just the same as the tense of the sentence, but in second one, the tens is simple past.
consider these 2 sentences:
-I'm trying to explain the forces causing the disaster. (that means disaster is happening now and i am trying to explain it now)
-I'm trying to explain the forces that caused the disaster. (that means disaster happened sometime before, and now i'm trying to explain it -for example in a presentation)
Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
Posts: 229
Re: PT #4 SC20 sth that Verb vs sth V-ing  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2012, 23:48
1
To nilaybadavne

these two sentences are parts of SC Q.

A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on teh same site, overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated.

(b) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated
(c) overlooking that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another one
(d) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated
(e) withouth considering that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another such disaster

This is the Q. I picked d, but OA is e.
So I looked up this Q, and people discuss the issue that I asked here.
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Re: forces causing the disaster 2. forces that caused the  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2019, 17:48
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Re: forces causing the disaster 2. forces that caused the   [#permalink] 10 Feb 2019, 17:48
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# forces causing the disaster 2. forces that caused the

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