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A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is

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A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Sep 2019, 10:03
3
15
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (01:28) correct 59% (01:35) wrong based on 459 sessions

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A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on the same site, overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated.

(A) overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated
(B) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated
(C) overlooking that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another one
(D) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated
(E) without considering that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another such disaster


SC17561.01

Originally posted by misterJJ2u on 19 Jun 2007, 15:44.
Last edited by Bunuel on 22 Sep 2019, 10:03, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2007, 17:17
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misterJJ2u wrote:
A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on teh same site, overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated.

(b) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated
(c) overlooking that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another one
(d) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated
(e) withouth considering that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another such disaster


B: "IT" is incorrect
C: "Another one" of what? Site? Disaster?
D: Forces getting repeated will not necessarily cause the disaster again.
E: Correct
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New post 19 Jun 2007, 18:58
Why is 'IT' incorrect here? Could someone explain the modifier problem here ?
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Re: A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2007, 17:08
1
The use of the pronoun "It" is incorrect along the answer choices, which leaves us with C and E.

I prefer C to E as E is wordy.

MY ANSWER: C
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Re: A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2007, 09:07
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eliminate B&D.
not C, because overlooking what??
left with A &E
E is wordy, in A 'it' is ambiguous
best to go with E
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New post 21 Jun 2007, 13:16
E. even though it is wordy. It has clear referents.
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New post 09 Jan 2017, 08:13
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The problem with this question could also be solved by looking at the meaning and removing the useless parts in the answer choices (an approached highlighted by e-GMAT).

Take a look at
A) overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated. - forces could be repeated?? doesnt make sense
B) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated. - Again similar error as A
D) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated. - Again similar error as A

As for C, overlooking "that the" is wrong, one always overlooks something. Essentially "that" is not needed here.

Therefore. E is correct answer.

Hope this helps.
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Re: A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2017, 04:33
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usaidmandvia wrote:
The problem with this question could also be solved by looking at the meaning and removing the useless parts in the answer choices (an approached highlighted by e-GMAT).

Take a look at
A) overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated. - forces could be repeated?? doesnt make sense
B) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated. - Again similar error as A
D) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated. - Again similar error as A

As for C, overlooking "that the" is wrong, one always overlooks something. Essentially "that" is not needed here.

Therefore. E is correct answer.

Hope this helps.


No, this is not a solid reason to eliminate C. That "something" you mentioned could as well be a "that" clause. I do not see any solid reason to eliminate C. (The pronoun "one" correctly refers to "disaster" by virtue of parallelism.)

This question does not seem to be from an authentic source.
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New post 10 Jan 2017, 04:51
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sayantanc2k wrote:
usaidmandvia wrote:
The problem with this question could also be solved by looking at the meaning and removing the useless parts in the answer choices (an approached highlighted by e-GMAT).

Take a look at
A) overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated. - forces could be repeated?? doesnt make sense
B) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated. - Again similar error as A
D) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated. - Again similar error as A

As for C, overlooking "that the" is wrong, one always overlooks something. Essentially "that" is not needed here.

Therefore. E is correct answer.

Hope this helps.


No, this is not a solid reason to eliminate C. That "something" you mentioned could as well be a "that" clause. I do not see any solid reason to eliminate C. (The pronoun "one" correctly refers to "disaster" by virtue of parallelism.)

This question does not seem to be from an authentic source.


Actually what i meant to say was that C sounds awkward. And even if this doesn't convince, then we should follow the above mentioned approach (removing the useless parts in the answer)

C) overlooking that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another one - "one" over here is ambiguous.

Also this question is from the old paper format GMAT.
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Re: A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2017, 10:07
usaidmandvia wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
usaidmandvia wrote:
The problem with this question could also be solved by looking at the meaning and removing the useless parts in the answer choices (an approached highlighted by e-GMAT).

Take a look at
A) overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated. - forces could be repeated?? doesnt make sense
B) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated. - Again similar error as A
D) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated. - Again similar error as A

As for C, overlooking "that the" is wrong, one always overlooks something. Essentially "that" is not needed here.

Therefore. E is correct answer.

Hope this helps.


No, this is not a solid reason to eliminate C. That "something" you mentioned could as well be a "that" clause. I do not see any solid reason to eliminate C. (The pronoun "one" correctly refers to "disaster" by virtue of parallelism.)

This question does not seem to be from an authentic source.


Actually what i meant to say was that C sounds awkward. And even if this doesn't convince, then we should follow the above mentioned approach (removing the useless parts in the answer)

C) overlooking that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another one - "one" over here is ambiguous.

Also this question is from the old paper format GMAT.


A Pronoun may refer to an antecedent which is within a modifier - removing the modifier and then reasoning that the pronoun does not have an antecedent is not logical.

Moreover, if a pronoun is a subject or an object of a clause, by virtue of parallelism it can refer to an antecedent which is a subject or an object of another clause in the sentence. Therefore "one" refers to "disasters" without ambiguity (Objects of two clauses).

It is true that we MUST align our reasoning with the reasoning of official questions, but there are a few (rare) old official questions which do not match with reasoning of the current ones. This is possibly such a question.
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Re: A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2017, 10:38
misterJJ2u wrote:
A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on teh same site, overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated.

(b) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated
(c) overlooking that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another one
(d) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated
(e) withouth considering that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another such disaster


What's wrong with A sayantanc2k
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Re: A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2017, 07:31
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rishit1080 wrote:
misterJJ2u wrote:
A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on teh same site, overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated.

(b) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated
(c) overlooking that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another one
(d) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated
(e) withouth considering that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another such disaster


What's wrong with A sayantanc2k


On re-examining the question, I could understand a solid reason (which I missed in my previous post) that option E is the best answer.

Comma + present participle modifier should refer to the subject of the previous clause or the effect of the entire clause. Here "Overlooking .... " wrongly suggests that "A natural response" (subject of the previous clause) overlooks, not the "communities". Hence option A, B And C can be eliminated.

The intended meaning is that the disaster, not the forces, would be repeated. Hence option A, B AND D can be eliminated.

Option E is the correct answer.

usaidmandvia Previously I missed the modifier problem as mentioned above in this post - why C is incorrect is explained above.
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New post 22 Sep 2019, 09:12
is this from official source?
in the pattern
main clause+comma+doing, doing refers to the subject of the main clause. so, all of five answer choices are problematic because overlooking and considering can not refer to the subject of the main clause logically.
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New post 22 Sep 2019, 10:05
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misterJJ2u wrote:
A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on the same site, overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated.

(A) overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated
(B) overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated
(C) overlooking that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another one
(D) without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated
(E) without considering that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another such disaster


SC17561.01


Official Explanation

Rhetorical construction; Logical predication

Communities hit by an earthquake or a flood naturally desire to rebuild in the same place, yet sometimes fail to consider that the forces that caused the disaster could cause another, similar disaster.

A. In this choice, possibility is redundant with could. Furthermore, this statement incorrectly suggests that the forces . . . could be repeated rather than that the disaster itself could be repeated. Note also that the pronoun it has no clear referent.

B. This statement incorrectly suggests that the forces . . . could be repeated rather than that the disaster itself could be repeated.

C. This choice uses the idiomatically incorrect form overlooking that. This choice is confusing also because overlooking has a physical meaning that can apply, for example, to a site but does not fit with overlooking that.

D. This statement incorrectly suggests that the forces . . . could be repeated rather than that the disaster itself could be repeated.

E. Correct. This choice clearly conveys the meaning of the sentence and has none of the flaws mentioned above.

The correct answer is E.
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New post 22 Sep 2019, 18:01
I also have same question.
Natural response is neither overlooking something not considering another thing.
I am puzzled how E is correct.

As few say that "without considering" is correctly modifying the previous clause and emanating correct meaning, I am doubtful how to figure it out when ", Verbing" is modifying subject and complete previous clause.

Need explanation!


thangvietnam wrote:
is this from official source?
in the pattern
main clause+comma+doing, doing refers to the subject of the main clause. so, all of five answer choices are problematic because overlooking and considering can not refer to the subject of the main clause logically.
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Re: A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2019, 17:52
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Quote:
Comma + present participle modifier should refer to the subject of the previous clause or the effect of the entire clause.


Correct me if I am wrong, but comma + present participle modifier only modifies the action/verb. The modifier, if modifying subject, should not have comma, unless of course the comma is used as a separator only.
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New post 25 Sep 2019, 18:42
misterJJ2u wrote:
(A) A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on the same site, overlooking the possibility that the forces that caused it could be repeated.


1. Meaning Error - This answer makes it seem like the forces that caused the disaster could be repeated. Illogical! The intended meaning is that the forces that caused the disaster could cause a repeat disaster.

2. Pronoun Error - What does 'it' refer to? There is no crystal clear referent.

misterJJ2u wrote:
(B) A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on the same site, overlooking the possibility that the forces causing it could be repeated.


Exact same errors as in (A).

This answer choice just changes the past tense verb 'caused' to present tense 'causing'.

misterJJ2u wrote:
(C) A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on the same site, overlooking that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another one.


'overlooking that' is idiomatically incorrect.

This is the runner-up answer in my opinion. Probably not worth beating yourself up if you missed this question.

misterJJ2u wrote:
(D) A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on the same site, without considering that the forces causing the disaster could be repeated.


1. Meaning Error - This answer makes it seem like the forces that caused the disaster could be repeated. Illogical! The intended meaning is that the forces that caused the disaster could cause a repeat disaster.

misterJJ2u wrote:
(E) A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is to rebuild on the same site, without considering that the forces that caused the disaster could also cause another such disaster.


(E) Clears up that meaning error in the previous answers. It's a long sentence, and usually we like brevity, but this is a difficult question.
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Re: A natural response of communities devastated by earthquake or flood is   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2019, 18:42
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