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Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to

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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2013, 00:31
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C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.


The problem with C, among others, is that

We are comparing what "new small businesses are not subject to" with large businesses. We need an verb here. C would be right if the construction were- C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as are established big businesses.
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2013, 16:37
carcass wrote:
Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.



A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.

C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.

D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.

E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.


Later OA :)


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Can we have the OA for this one?

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I'm too late on this question. However it could help you. I could find a a clash between "C" and "D"..

In C, "as" is used to compare the 2 nouns (small and big business), which is wrong.
In D, "as" is used to compare the ways used in small and big business that makes it right.

Help me if I am wrong...
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2014, 21:51
Is B incorrect because - " Because they are growing and seldom in equilibrium" is ambiguous for a modifier ?
Please correct me here
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2015, 08:40
carcass wrote:
Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.


A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.
B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.
C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.
D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.
E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.
Later OA :)


A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium. >> they referring back to Formulas or 'new small businesses'?? Also, it is wordy and unclear construction.
B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses. >> by comma subject rule, they referring to formulas, this is wrong
C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses. >> unclear and wordy construction
D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses. >> clear and concise construction
E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium. >> unclear and wordy construction. they referring to??
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2015, 19:22
"them" refers to "small business" unambiguously
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2015, 09:43
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OE:

In A, the they after because is ambiguous; it seems illogically to refer to Formulas because they and Formulas are each the grammatical subject of a clause and because the previous they refers to Formulas.

In A and B, do not apply to in the same way as they do to is wordy and awkward.

D, the best choice, says more concisely in the same way as to.

Also in B, because they refers to formulas, the introductory clause states confusedly that the formulas are growing.

In C and E, subject to the [same] applicability of... is wordy, awkward, and imprecise; furthermore, are is preferable to either before or after established big businesses to complete the comparison.
Finally, the referent of they is not immediately clear in E.


I did not understand how and why are is important as indicated in OE above in option C. Can someone explain C in terms of comparison only.
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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The point about "are" is that C says that small businesses "are not subject to the same XYZ as big businesses." It would be helpful to provide an "are" to complete the comparison: "small businesses are not subject to the same XYZ as are big businesses."

In a simple sentence, we don't need this clarification:

I'm not as strong as you.

But in a sentence with even a slight bit more complexity, that verb can make a big difference. Compare these:

I'm more interested in economics than you.
I'm more interested in economics than you are.


We would probably figure out the intended meaning in the first case (especially if we consider ourselves more interesting than economics), but the second is clearer.

Now look at a sentence with a more involved second half:

The singer is less excited about the concert than the legions of fans seeking her autograph.

This sentence is truly ambiguous. Is she more excited about the fans than about the concert (notice my second "about" to make that clear), or are the fans more excited about the concert than she is? Let's rewrite to indicate the former meaning and then the latter:

The singer is less excited about the concert than about the legions of fans seeking her autograph.
The singer is less excited about the concert than are the legions of fans seeking her autograph.

Here, we put the "are" before that long noun phrase at the end just to make it easier to catch. We could technically put it at the end, but it would be less useful there--by the end, either you've interpreted the meaning correctly or you haven't, and so it's better to make the intended meaning clear sooner.
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2017, 06:29
got to D in less than a minute...
what is not applicable? the usage of formulas and ratio...
why? because small businesses are growing and are rarely in equilibrium.
usage of comparison - they apply for X as they do for Y.
only D uses proper comparison. Moreover, it conveys the intended meaning.
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Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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New post 16 Sep 2017, 22:41
Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.
(A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium. They is ambiguous
(B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses. Modifier error
(C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses. Comparison error
(D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses. Correct
(E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium They is ambiguous
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Sep 2017, 18:11
Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

Answer Choices

Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.
Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.
Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.
Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.
New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium
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Originally posted by amol143 on 20 Sep 2017, 09:54.
Last edited by broall on 20 Sep 2017, 18:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 10:28
Where is the underlined mark???
Is the whole Question is underlined or partially ?? Also put official answer so that everyone can put there valuable comments and suggestions below that question.
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 10:51
amol143 wrote:
Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

Answer Choices

Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.
Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.
Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.
Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.
New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium

Ans D
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 11:30
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No need to go beyond kicking out choices that have 'they', namely A, B, C, and E. One cannot decide, whether 'they' refers to big businesses or small businesses or formulas. D is the odd man out that doesn't use the dubious pronoun and one is justified in choosing D instantly.
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 01:14
Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

(A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.
use of they is ambiguous. Incorrect

(B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.
use of they is ambiguous. Incorrect

(C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.
same applicability as established big businesses. (wrong comparison)

(D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.
do not apply to them as to established big businesses. Correct

(E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium
use of they is ambiguous. Incorrect
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Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

(A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

(B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.

(C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.

(D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.

(E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

Source : OG 10 Question #12.
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2018, 08:48
dkumar2012 wrote:
Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

(A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

(B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.

(C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.

(D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.

(E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

Source : OG 10 Question #12.



Option A: Incorrect : 'They'.....can refer to various nouns such as, 'Formulas/new small businesses/established big businesses'. The closest noun is 'established big businesses'.For the context only 'new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium' makes sense.

Option B: Incorrect : 'They'..... refers to the subject of the main clause 'Formulas'. Grammatically 'formulas are growing and are seldom in equilibrium' is correct but quite illogical in meaning in this context.For the context only 'new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium' makes sense.

Option C: Incorrect : 'They'.....can refers to various nouns such as, 'Formulas/new small businesses/established big businesses'. The closest noun is 'established big businesses'.For the context only 'new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium' makes sense.

Option D: Correct :'Them'..... refers to the subject of the previous clause 'new small businesses'.The wat them is placed before introduction of the comparison, it naturally points to the 'NSB'. ''them' does not refer to 'formulas' as well as they are part of the same clause.

Option E: Incorrect : 'They'.....can refer to various nouns such as, 'Formulas/new small businesses/established big businesses'. The closest noun is 'established big businesses'.For the context only 'new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium' makes sense.
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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2018, 10:22
dkumar2012 wrote:
Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.


(A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

(B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.

(C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.

(D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.


(E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.


A, C, and E have pronoun ambiguity.

From C and D, D is better.

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Re: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 03:11
goalsnr wrote:
Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

(A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

(B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.

(C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.

(D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.

(E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

I spent 5 minutes on this question and finally got it right. Is there a quicker way to solve this beast?


My reasoning, let me know if it is wrong:

A - they is an issue here (can refer to formulas / bussinesses )

B - modifier error... the ing mod in beginning refers to small business but touches formulas

C - As+noun is incorrect

D - correct (As+prep phrase is acceptable & is eliminates the modifier error as well

E - As+non is incorrect
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