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GMATPREP ChallengeQ-Planter-legislators of the post-Civil War southern

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ-Planter-legislators of the post-Civil War southern  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2017, 11:56
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Planter-legislators of the post-Civil War southern United States enacted crop lien laws stipulating that those who advanced cash or supplies necessary to plant a crop would receive, as security, a claim, or lien, on the crop produced.(Next it will explain result of implementation so we can skip this detail.)In doing so, planters, most of whom were former slaveholders, sought access to credit from merchants and control over nominally free laborers--former slaves freed by the victory of the northern Union over the southern Confederacy in the United States Civil War. They hoped to reassure merchants that despite the emancipation of the slaves, planters would produce crops and pay debts. Planters planned to use their supply credit to control their workers, former slaves who were without money to rent land or buy supplies. Planters imagined continuation of the pre-Civil War economic hierarchy: merchants supplying landlords, landlords supplying laborers, and laborers producing crops from which their scant wages and planters' profits would come, allowing planters to repay advances. Lien laws frequently had unintended consequences, however, thwarting the planter fantasy of mastery without slavery.(Next it will explain how it happens so we can skip this details.)) The newly freed workers, seeking to become self-employed tenant farmers rather than wage laborers, made direct arrangements with merchants for supplies. Lien laws, the centerpiece of a system designed to create a dependent labor force, became the means for workers, with alternative means of supply advances, to escape that dependence.


By connecting the the non-striked portion of given paragraph we can answer below question

1. Which of the following best expresses the central idea of the passage?
A. Planters in the post-Civil War southern United States sought to reinstate the institution of slavery. (Only 1st part so out)
B. Through their decisions regarding supply credit, merchants controlled post-Civil War agriculture. (Irrelevant)
C. Lien laws helped to defeat the purpose for which they were originally created. (OK)
D. Although slavery had ended, the economic hierarchy changed little in the post-Civil War southern United States.( No - Mention one line in paragraph)
E. Newly freed workers enacted lien laws to hasten the downfall of the plantation economy. (No)

Ans :c

This is detail question so need to read 1st strike portion

2. According to the passage, each of the following was a reason planters supported crop lien laws EXCEPT:
A. Planters believed that lien laws would allow them to expand their landholdings.
B. Planters expected that lien laws would give them control over former slaves. In doing so, planters, most of whom were former slaveholders, sought access to credit from merchants and control over nominally free laborers
C. Planters anticipated that lien laws would help them retain access to merchant credit. In doing so, planters, most of whom were former slaveholders, sought access to credit from merchants and control over nominally free laborers
D. Planters intended to use lien laws to create a dependent labor force.
They hoped to reassure merchants that despite the emancipation of the slaves, planters would produce crops and pay debts.
E. Planters saw lien laws as a way to maintain their traditional economic status.
Planters imagined continuation of the pre-Civil War economic hierarchy

All given expect A so answer is A

This is inference- detail question - First look for merchant from the passage then read it and summarize it. After these process do elimination.

3. The passage suggests which of the following about merchants in the post-Civil War southern United States?
A. They sought to preserve pre-Civil War social conditions.
B. Their numbers in the legislatures had been diminished.
C. Their businesses had suffered from a loss of collateral.
D. They were willing to make business arrangements with former slaves.
The newly freed workers, seeking to become self-employed tenant farmers rather than wage laborers, made direct arrangements with merchants for supplies
E. Their profits had declined because planters defaulted on debts for supply advances.

Ans is D.

Hope this will be helpful.
Please press kudos , if helpful.

thanks,
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ-Planter-legislators of the post-Civil War southern  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2017, 18:06
In the question 3, can someone explain why A is incorrect?
After all the planters did sought to preserve the pre-civil war social conditions.

Thank you in advance,
Jat
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ-Planter-legislators of the post-Civil War southern  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 00:01
Jat
question is asking about merchant not planter.

And in the passage it is given Planter imagined ....... not merchant.
Planters imagined continuation of the pre-Civil War economic hierarchy


Hope this will help you to understand.

thanks,
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ-Planter-legislators of the post-Civil War southern  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 22:24
for #2 I'm stuck between A/C. the passage says "sought access to credit from merchants" and the answer says "retain access to merchant credit"

...my question is where does it say they had access to credit in the first place that they were trying to then maintain?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ-Planter-legislators of the post-Civil War southern  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2018, 01:21
6 mins flat.
CAD. Passage was difficult to comprehend at first but once you got the sense of where the author was going eventually, the questions were relatively straightforward.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ-Planter-legislators of the post-Civil War southern &nbs [#permalink] 24 Oct 2018, 01:21

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