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Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te

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Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 20:30
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A
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D
E

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Question Stats:

77% (01:13) correct 23% (01:19) wrong based on 1000 sessions

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Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-term forecasts for much colder temperatures in key heating regions raised fears of insufficient supplies capable of meeting the demand this winter.


(A) of insufficient supplies capable of meeting

(B) of supplies that would be insufficient for meeting

(C) of insufficient supplies that are unable to meet

(D) that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting

(E) that supplies would be insufficient to meet



NEW question from GMAT® Official Guide 2019


(SC01436)

https://www.nytimes.com/1996/12/14/business/energy-prices-are-up-broadly-on-wintry-long-term-forecast.html

Heating oil and natural gas futures surged yesterday, as long-term forecasts for sharply colder temperatures in key heating regions raised fears that supplies would be insufficient to meet demand this winter.

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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 01:28
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Bunuel wrote:
Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-term forecasts for much colder temperatures in key heating regions raised fears of insufficient supplies capable of meeting the demand this winter.


A. of insufficient supplies capable of meeting

B. of supplies that would be insufficient for meeting

C. of insufficient supplies that are unable to meet

D. that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting

E. that supplies would be insufficient to meet



NEW question from GMAT® Official Guide 2019


(SC01436)


Fear is not of insufficient supplies but that the supplies would be insufficient to ....

Another example..
Prevailing law and order situation raised fear of safety of...
However prevailing law and order situation raised fear that the upcoming elections would be ...

E
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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Jun 2018, 22:38
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E makes sense:

My POE would be as follows:

Option A:

1.Fear is not of insufficient supplies but rather that the supplies will be insufficient.
2.capable of meeting seems to modify supplies which implies the following meaning
there can be some other kind of supplies which have the attribute of meeting the demand.
which is nonsensical..rather the intended meaning is Fear that supplies would be insufficient.
3.Usage of word Forecasts: we can expect the would word in correct option as its hypothetical.

Option B

I would prefer a more direct for for expression
insufficient for meeting --insufficient to meet(preferred)

Option C:

Wrong tense
that are unable to meet-Its set in present whereas we are talking about forecast.

Option D,Option E

that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting

More direct ,concise and clear s option
that supplies would be insufficient to meet

So Option E clearly wins.


For people who are confused regarding usage of IDIOM fear and entered the wrong split because of that refer the below points.
X fears for Y.
Conveyed meaning:
X believes that Y is in danger.
Mary fears for John.
Conveyed meaning:
Mary believes that John is in danger.

X has a fear of Y.
Conveyed meaning:
Y scares X.
Mary has a fear of flying.
Conveyed meaning:
The act of flying scares Mary.

X fears that Y.
Conveyed meaning:
X is worried that the event described in the that-clause has happened, is happening, or will happen.
Mary fears that John will be late.
Conveyed meaning:
Mary is worried that John will be late.


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Originally posted by prabsahi on 21 Jun 2018, 07:59.
Last edited by prabsahi on 22 Jun 2018, 22:38, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 10:26
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Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-term forecasts for much colder temperatures in key heating regions raised fears of insufficient supplies capable of meeting the demand this winter.


A. of insufficient supplies capable of meeting

B. of supplies that would be insufficient for meeting

C. of insufficient supplies that are unable to meet

D. that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting

E. that supplies would be insufficient to meet

Only E expresses the correct intended meaning of the sentence.



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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 22:26
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Very good Question:

Before we start POE :-

Let's understand the use of - fear of/fear that

Let's take simple word - afraid of / afraid that

Afraid of X = you are afraid of a noun (person, place, thing, or idea) OR event that starts with an gerund (an –ing verb).

Afraid that Y = you are afraid of an event might happen; the phrase after "that" MUST be an independent clause

1) I am afraid of taking exam.

2) I am afraid that I may not perform well in the exam.

Now let's go for POE.

Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-term forecasts for much colder temperatures in key heating regions raised fears of insufficient supplies capable of meeting the demand this winter.


A. of insufficient supplies capable of meeting

B. of supplies that would be insufficient for meeting

C. of insufficient supplies that are unable to meet

D. that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting

E. that supplies would be insufficient to meet

I hope you could understand that - fear that - should be used over here.

If not read the full sentence - with that clause.

Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-term forecasts for much colder temperatures in key heating regions raised fears that supplies would be insufficient to meet the demand this winter.

Also, The above sentence is more convincing than the original sentence. Eliminate A,B & C.

D & E -coveys same meaning. But D is just wordy enough to be eliminated. Also at the end of sentence there is a split in both D & E.
to meet is preferred over for meeting.
So eliminate D.
E is the correct sentence.

Alternate method:-
If you notice carefully, In non-underlined part simple past is used.
Hence use of "would" is correct. Eliminate A & C.

to meet is preferred over for meeting. We use - I have come to meet you not for meeting you.
So eliminate D & B
E is the correct sentence.

Any feedback will be appreciated!!
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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 02:56
fears of supplies is like
He has a fear of dog.
Fear of something .. is like this something is modifying fear and representing what type of fear it is.

E has clear meaning. E shows what is their Fear that + clause ( what they fear about in future).
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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 03:57
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Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-term forecasts for much colder temperatures in key heating regions raised fears of insufficient supplies capable of meeting the demand this winter.


A. of insufficient supplies capable of meeting

B. of supplies that would be insufficient for meeting

C. of insufficient supplies that are unable to meet

D. that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting

E. that supplies would be insufficient to meet

A simple two-step hop-step and jump here.
In ninety percent of the cases, an infinitive is a preferred choice over a gerund in GMAT; In the given context, the supplies have a purpose to meet the demand. Therefore, 'of meeting' in A, 'for meeting' in B and D are out.

Between C and E, C is wrong for using present tense for a future happening. E it is.
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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 09:26
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Hello Everyone!

While this may look like an easy question to answer, short underlines can often be tricky! Let’s break down what’s different about each option so we can narrow it down to the right one!

Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-term forecasts for much colder temperatures in key heating regions raised fears of insufficient supplies capable of meeting the demand this winter.

A. of insufficient supplies capable of meeting
B. of supplies that would be insufficient for meeting
C. of insufficient supplies that are unable to meet
D. that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting
E. that supplies would be insufficient to meet

After a quick scan through each option, here are the major differences I noticed:

1. Their endings: of meeting / to meet / for meeting
2. Their beginnings: of / that

If we start with #2 on our list: beginning the phrase with “of” versus “that.” This is a quick way to eliminate 2-3 options right away, so let’s start there. There is a subtle difference between being “afraid of X” and “afraid that Y”:

Afraid of X = you are afraid of a noun (person, place, thing, or idea) OR event that starts with an gerund (an –ing verb)

I am afraid of spiders.
The students are afraid of failing their history exam.

Afraid that Y = you are afraid of an event might happen; the phrase after "that" MUST be an independent clause

I am afraid that Simon will make fun of me.
The settlers were afraid that their house might burn down.

Since we are talking about people being afraid that an event might happen (not having enough oil/gas to stay warm in the winter), we know it doesn’t work to say that people are afraid OF supplies. They’re not afraid of gas or oil – they’re afraid that they will be cold without enough supplies. This means we can eliminate answers A, B, and C right away!

Now we’re left with D and E, so let’s focus on the differences between the two:

D. that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting

This is INCORRECT for a couple reasons. First, it’s overly wordy. Why would you say “that there would be supplies insufficient” when you can just say “that supplies would be insufficient?” Another red flag is the gerund phrase “for meeting the demand this winter.” The GMAT doesn’t like gerund phrases unless they are absolutely necessary. In this case, it’s not.

E. that supplies would be insufficient to meet

This is CORRECT because it’s clear and concise for readers. There is no mistaking what the people are afraid of here!

There you have it - option E is the correct answer!


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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 23:18
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5eYAP1Inco
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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 13:00
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Now we’re left with D and E, so let’s focus on the differences between the two:

D. that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting

This is INCORRECT for a couple reasons. First, it’s overly wordy. Why would you say “that there would be supplies insufficient” when you can just say “that supplies would be insufficient?” Another red flag is the gerund phrase “for meeting the demand this winter.” The GMAT doesn’t like gerund phrases unless they are absolutely necessary. In this case, it’s not.

E. that supplies would be insufficient to meet

This is CORRECT because it’s clear and concise for readers. There is no mistaking what the people are afraid of here!

There you have it - option E is the correct answer!


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Dear EMPOWERgmatVerbal

Thanks for your effort to provide sufficient explanation.

In my highlighted part above, I think that 'insufficient for' is unidiomatic. I searched in many dictionaries like Cambridge and found it must be ''insufficient to'. So we can eliminate D.

Do you have any thoughts?
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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 15:54
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Mo2men wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Now we’re left with D and E, so let’s focus on the differences between the two:

D. that there would be supplies insufficient for meeting

This is INCORRECT for a couple reasons. First, it’s overly wordy. Why would you say “that there would be supplies insufficient” when you can just say “that supplies would be insufficient?” Another red flag is the gerund phrase “for meeting the demand this winter.” The GMAT doesn’t like gerund phrases unless they are absolutely necessary. In this case, it’s not.

E. that supplies would be insufficient to meet

This is CORRECT because it’s clear and concise for readers. There is no mistaking what the people are afraid of here!

There you have it - option E is the correct answer!


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Dear EMPOWERgmatVerbal

Thanks for your effort to provide sufficient explanation.

In my highlighted part above, I think that 'insufficient for' is unidiomatic. I searched in many dictionaries like Cambridge and found it must be ''insufficient to'. So we can eliminate D.

Do you have any thoughts?


Hello Mo2men!

Thank you for your question! You are absolutely correct - you could also eliminate option D for using the incorrect "insufficient for" instead of "insufficient to." We attacked the question from different angles, which is totally okay! Sometimes, different problems jump out to different students - and that's what happened here.

I appreciate you adding in your method of answering the question in case other students focused on that as well!
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Re: Heating oil and natural gas futures rose sharply yesterday, as long-te &nbs [#permalink] 30 Jul 2018, 15:54
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