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High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to

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High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to produce high yields of the same crop year after year, pollute water supplies. Experts therefore urge farmers to diversify their crops and to rotate their plantings yearly.

To receive governmental price-support benefits for a crop, farmers must have produced that same crop for the past several years.

The statement above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?


(A) The rules for governmental support of farm prices work against efforts to reduce water pollution.

(B) The only solution to the problem of water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is to take farmland out of production.

(C) Farmers can continue to make a profit by rotating diverse crops, thus reducing costs for chemicals, but not by planting the same crop each year.

(D) New farming techniques will be developed to make it possible for farmers to reduce the application of fertilizers and pesticides.

(E) Governmental price supports for farm products are set at levels that are not high enough to allow farmers to get out of debt.


Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: CR07847
Page: 142
Difficulty:

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Originally posted by Taku on 04 Mar 2005, 23:50.
Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Apr 2019, 02:00, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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New post 05 Mar 2005, 01:46
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how can you deduce D ? the conclusion bases on the evidence. in the argument there is no hint that new farming techniques will be developed. in fact there are two kinds of evidence that support the conclusion. a important rule is that you sticky close to the argument and that you dont infer or deduce too much.
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New post 05 Mar 2005, 22:19
Hello Christoph,
Thank you for your response. I now see why (A) is correct, but let me respond to you the reason why I initially picked up (D).

In order to continue to receive the price-support benefits from the government, you need to keep producing the same crop. However, you will then conflict the water pollution.

Therefore, in order to achive both objectives(receive the governmental price-support & deal with less water pollution), the conclusion I took was to develop new farming techniques which is Choice (D).

What do you think of? Thank you for your kind response.


christoph wrote:
how can you deduce D ? the conclusion bases on the evidence. in the argument there is no hint that new farming techniques will be developed. in fact there are two kinds of evidence that support the conclusion. a important rule is that you sticky close to the argument and that you dont infer or deduce too much.

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New post 06 Mar 2005, 00:45
but...A also assumes that "several years" would mean..several past continuous years!..but is probably the best of the lot!

(I picked C..but then, there is nothing mentioned abt. revenues etc...as given in the OG explanation..)
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New post 06 Mar 2005, 11:05
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A: The rules for governmental support of farm prices work against efforts to reduce water pollution.
Correctly concludes based on info given

B: The only solution to the problem of water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is to take farmland out of production.

only solution is too extreme and is not mentioned in the arguement

C: Farmers can continue to make a profit by rotating diverse crops, thus reducing costs for chemicals, but not by planting the same crop each year.

Infact farmers profit can be reduced because they can no longer plant to get "high yields of the same crop". Hence this is wrong

D: New farming techniques will be developed to make it possible for farmers to reduce the application of fertilizers and pesticides.
- Just a wishful thinking. Wishful thinkings are not allowed in CR

E: Governmental price supports for farm products are set at levels that are not high enough to allow farmers to get out of debt.
There is no mention of farmers debt anywhere. Hence out of context
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New post 08 Nov 2006, 20:30
Looks like a straightforward (A) here. There is an inherent contradiction in the needs of the farmers and the pollution levels caused by pesticides.
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New post 24 Mar 2012, 15:45
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I have chosen A for this question:

The passage has 2 paragraphs. The first states the need to diversify crops to reduce water pollution and the second states the rules for government support. The two statements clash because in order to receive government support, the farmers must produce the same crop for several years, but by doing so, there is water pollution.

A. This statement is a combination of both paragraphs and is the correct answer.

B. We don't know that "the only solution..." is true. It could be that there are many different solutions, so this may or may not be true. Therefore, it is incorrect.

C. How can we be sure that farmers will still be making a profit? It could be that the government support is the only thing that allows farmers to profit and without it, they are losing money even if we include the reduction in chemical costs. Therefore, this statement cannot be proven from the passage and is incorrect.

D. This statement brings in outside information - this is incorrect.

E. Again, this statement cannot be proven from the passage. It may or may not be true, therefore this statement is incorrect.
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New post 11 Aug 2012, 04:33
How can the solution be A!!?

The first paragraph says that water pollution occurs when farmers try to produce 'high' yields of crop year after year.
In second paragraph, though the rules for governmental support says farmer must have produced the same crop for several years, they never say farmer must have produced them in high yields!
Putting the two together, the governmental support rules do not work against efforts to reduce water pollution. A farmer can produce same crop, year after year, in normal yields and can get the support benefit without increasing any pollution. Option 'A' doesnt seem correct.

Can someone provide their comments...

Thanks.
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Re: High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2012, 08:50
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koolpaari wrote:
How can the solution be A!!?

The first paragraph says that water pollution occurs when farmers try to produce 'high' yields of crop year after year.
In second paragraph, though the rules for governmental support says farmer must have produced the same crop for several years, they never say farmer must have produced them in high yields!
Putting the two together, the governmental support rules do not work against efforts to reduce water pollution. A farmer can produce same crop, year after year, in normal yields and can get the support benefit without increasing any pollution. Option 'A' doesnt seem correct.

Can someone provide their comments...

Thanks.


Interesting point! However, we also need to consider the second sentence in the context of the first. Let me rephrase the argument:

Experts urge farmers to diversify their crops and to rotate their plantings yearly because some farmers pollute the water when they plant the same crop every year. To receive governmental price-support benefits for a crop, farmers must have produced that same crop for the past several years.

See how I've combined two sentences into one here? Now it's clear why (A) is correct.

The trick I used, though, is that I didn't assume that all farmers try and produce high yield crops. And in fact, we don't need to assume that to arrive at conclusion (A). We just need to assume that some farmers try and produce high yield crops, which I would consider safe even if unstated. The "high yield" stipulation is, therefore, just a distraction.
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New post 11 Aug 2012, 11:58
rjacobsMGMAT wrote:
koolpaari wrote:
How can the solution be A!!?

The first paragraph says that water pollution occurs when farmers try to produce 'high' yields of crop year after year.
In second paragraph, though the rules for governmental support says farmer must have produced the same crop for several years, they never say farmer must have produced them in high yields!
Putting the two together, the governmental support rules do not work against efforts to reduce water pollution. A farmer can produce same crop, year after year, in normal yields and can get the support benefit without increasing any pollution. Option 'A' doesnt seem correct.

Can someone provide their comments...

Thanks.


Interesting point! However, we also need to consider the second sentence in the context of the first. Let me rephrase the argument:

Experts urge farmers to diversify their crops and to rotate their plantings yearly because some farmers pollute the water when they plant the same crop every year. To receive governmental price-support benefits for a crop, farmers must have produced that same crop for the past several years.

See how I've combined two sentences into one here? Now it's clear why (A) is correct.

The trick I used, though, is that I didn't assume that all farmers try and produce high yield crops. And in fact, we don't need to assume that to arrive at conclusion (A). We just need to assume that some farmers try and produce high yield crops, which I would consider safe even if unstated. The "high yield" stipulation is, therefore, just a distraction.


Thanks Ryan. The modified argument makes complete sense.
My exam is now less than 10 days away and I am still struggling a lot with inference questions. Distraction, like the one above, is the last thing I will need during the exam. :(
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Re: High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Jan 2014, 00:02
High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to produce high yields of the same crop year after year, pollute water supplies. Experts therefore urge farmers to diversify their crops and to rotate their plantings yearly.
To receive governmental price-supportbenefits for a crop, farmers must have produced that same crop for the past several years.
The statements above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?

(Al The rules for governmental support of farm prices work against efforts to reduce water pollution.
(B) The only solution to the problemof water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is to take farmland out of production.
(C) Farmers can continue to make a profit by rotating diverse crops, thus reducing costs for chemicals, but by planting the same crop each year.
(D) New farming techniques will be developed to make it possible for farmers to reduce the application of
fertilizers and pesticides.
(E) Governmental price supports for farm products are set at levels that are not high enough to allowfarmers
to get out of debt.

Please note that I have done a little modification in the answer choice C, in this case please provide your opinion can we consider C as correct answer.

Reasoning:
One may thing that farmers could have more than one crop and they can rotate the diversified "set of crops" that they have and in turn reduce fertiliser/pesticides. Because it is not mentioned that a farmer can only procure one crop/field, it may be possible that he may have a large area and where multiple crops caould be grown. By doing this they can still continue to grow a crop for more than 05 years and earn the government incentive too.

Originally posted by WillGetIt on 20 Jan 2014, 00:34.
Last edited by WillGetIt on 21 Jan 2014, 00:02, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 03 Oct 2014, 06:49
Taku wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 64
Page: 142
Difficulty:


High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to produce high yields of the same crop year after year, pollute water supplies. Experts therefore urge farmers to diversify their crops and to rotate their plantings yearly.

To receive governmental price-support benefits for a crop, farmers must have produced that same crop for the past several years.

The statement above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?


A: The rules for governmental support of farm prices work against efforts to reduce water pollution.
B: The only solution to the problem of water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is to take farmland out of production.
C: Farmers can continue to make a profit by rotating diverse crops, thus reducing costs for chemicals, but not by planting the same crop each year.
D: New farming techniques will be developed to make it possible for farmers to reduce the application of fertilizers and pesticides.
E: Governmental price supports for farm products are set at levels that are not high enough to allow farmers to get out of debt.


Chose A, but was confused how can government policies not support "efforts against water pollution". But, for MBT just trust what is written and do not bring outside knowledge or logical thinking.
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New post 20 Sep 2016, 11:21
No doubt A is the best answer but A can't be 100% true.
A mentions 'rules' and it implies that all rules of government works against the water pollution
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New post 01 Apr 2018, 02:10
Straightforward A...It is clearly mentioned in the stimulus that when farmer tries to produce high yield of same crop year on year basis, it encourages water pollution. Now in the last part of the stimulus it is clearly mentioned that in order to receive government support price benefits of a crop, one needs to produce same breed of crop every year. This means that this govt support plan would encourage water pollution as same breed of crop would be encouraged to cultivate for receiving the government benefit.
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Re: High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2018, 07:33
Taku wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 64
Page: 142
Difficulty:

High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to produce high yields of the same crop year after year, pollute water supplies. Experts therefore urge farmers to diversify their crops and to rotate their plantings yearly.

To receive governmental price-support benefits for a crop, farmers must have produced that same crop for the past several years.

The statement above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The rules for governmental support of farm prices work against efforts to reduce water pollution.

(B) The only solution to the problem of water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is to take farmland out of production.

(C) Farmers can continue to make a profit by rotating diverse crops, thus reducing costs for chemicals, but not by planting the same crop each year.

(D) New farming techniques will be developed to make it possible for farmers to reduce the application of fertilizers and pesticides.

(E) Governmental price supports for farm products are set at levels that are not high enough to allow farmers to get out of debt.


Only answer choice (A) makes sense. Rest are Irrelevant.
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New post 13 Oct 2018, 23:39
Hi, I got this question wrong.

Can anyone specify which question type this is? That would help in concluding the right answer.
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New post 13 Oct 2018, 23:49
anum23 it can be considered an inference.

Posted from my mobile device
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New post 15 Jun 2019, 11:12
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Load of great responses contributed by the community here! This question annoyed me because there really are a lot of these paradoxical situations out there for people in a business that requires government support. Kind of a random personal opinion, but that was a weird motivation for me to share my perspective on this CR problem

Quote:
High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to produce high yields of the same crop year after year, pollute water supplies. Experts therefore urge farmers to diversify their crops and to rotate their plantings yearly. To receive governmental price-support benefits for a crop, farmers must have produced that same crop for the past several years.

The statement above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The rules for governmental support of farm prices work against efforts to reduce water pollution.
(B) The only solution to the problem of water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is to take farmland out of production.
(C) Farmers can continue to make a profit by rotating diverse crops, thus reducing costs for chemicals, but not by planting the same crop each year.
(D) New farming techniques will be developed to make it possible for farmers to reduce the application of fertilizers and pesticides.
(E) Governmental price supports for farm products are set at levels that are not high enough to allow farmers to get out of debt.

1. Read and compartmentalize - From the question posed, I'm anticipating filling in a logical blank. There is a frustrating and paradoxical situation described: you should do X instead of Y because Y is bad for the environment....but I will only give you money if you do X. -.-
2. Pre-think when possible - always! - The immediate and only thought that comes to mind is that this is complete contradictory and bizarre choice between what is financially prudent vs environmentally responsible. I dive right into the choices keeping this thought in mind.
3. Find 4 wrong answers
    (A) The rules for governmental support of farm prices work against efforts to reduce water pollution. - Bingo! This is exactly in-line with my first though after I read the passage. The government funding support works against the farmer's incentive (if there is any) to reduce water pollution. I still have found zero wrong answers though so I still need to both start and finish my missions of finding 4 wrong answers. Next!
    (B) The only solution to the problem of water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is to take farmland out of production. - There is no reasoning presented to conclude that the only viable solution to water pollution from fertilizer and pesticides is shut down this entire crop production process.
    (C) Farmers can continue to make a profit by rotating diverse crops, thus reducing costs for chemicals, but not by planting the same crop each year. - There is no information presented in the question stem that would allow us to make the conclusion on what strategies would allow farmers to continue to be profitable.
    (D) New farming techniques will be developed to make it possible for farmers to reduce the application of fertilizers and pesticides. - The passage never states or suggests new farming techniques will be developed. This is a conclusion that cannot be made based on what has been presented.
    (E) Governmental price supports for farm products are set at levels that are not high enough to allow farmers to get out of debt. - The passage never stated that farmers were in debt, and the fact that they are offered government funding also does not implicate anything about farmers' financial status. As a result, this is a conclusion that we cannot make.

All in all, the only conclusion that we can make given the information presented to us in the passage is that the conditions of government funding make a farmer's incentive to be financially prudent directly opposed to a farmer's incentive to be environmentally responsible. A farmer has their hands tied behind their back.

If this question challenged you, I would suspect that you might need to tweak your mindset to focusing on the information presented. When the question is to make a conclusion based on the information presented, you are really like a horse with side blinders on - you need to focus on the words that are directly infant of you and not be distracted by anything else.

Hope this was helpful!

Assumption: I'm assuming "prices" in option A is a typo and should read "price-supports". I also suspect there may be another typo in answer choice (B)...
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Re: High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to   [#permalink] 15 Jun 2019, 11:12
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