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If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ? x and y are positive integer

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If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ? x and y are positive integer  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2019, 23:32
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If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ?

1) x and y are positive integers.

2) x = y − 1

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Re: If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ? x and y are positive integer  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2019, 11:24
If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ?

1) x and y are positive integers.

3x= 7 +2y
x = 1/3(7+2y)

y = 1 --> x=1/3(9) x=3
y = 4 --> x=1/3(15) x= 5
y = 10 --> x=1/3(27) x=9

Not Sufficient

2) x = y − 1
3(y-1) – 2y = 7
3y-3 -2y =7
y=10

for y =10 x =9 Sufficient

Ans B
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Re: If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ? x and y are positive integer  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2019, 12:40
CAMANISHPARMAR wrote:
If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ?

1) x and y are positive integers.

2) x = y − 1


Statement 1:
The statement is not constricting enough, we have many combinations of x and y that can solve this. x = 3 and y = 1, or x = 5 and y = 4. Insufficient.

Statement 2:
We have two equations with two variables that are linear and independent. That allows us to solve for a unique solution so this is sufficient.

Ans: B
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Re: If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ? x and y are positive integer  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2019, 23:51
CAMANISHPARMAR wrote:
If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ?

1) x and y are positive integers.

2) x = y − 1


Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.
Visit https://www.mathrevolution.com/gmat/lesson for details.

Since we have 2 variables (x and y) and 1 equation, D is most likely to be the answer. So, we should consider each condition on its own first.

Condition 1)
Possbile pairs of (x,y) are x = 3, y = 1 and x = 5, y = 4.

Since condition 1) does not yield a unique solution, it is not sufficient

Condition 2)
We have y = x + 1 and 3x - 2y = 3x -2(x+1) = x - 2 = 7 or x = 9.

Since condition 2) yields a unique solution, it is sufficient

Therefore, B is the answer.

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.
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Re: If 3x – 2y = 7, what is the value of x ? x and y are positive integer   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2019, 23:51
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