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Manager  G
Joined: 23 Feb 2017
Posts: 58
If a solid spherical ball of iron with radius r centimetres  [#permalink]

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2 00:00

Difficulty:   55% (hard)

Question Stats: 57% (01:39) correct 43% (01:29) wrong based on 46 sessions

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If a solid spherical ball of iron with radius r centimetres is cut into two equal hemispheres, what is the ratio, in terms of r, of the volume and the surface area of each hemisphere?

A) 2r/9
B) r/3
C) 4r/9
D) 2r/3
E) 4r/3

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Senior SC Moderator V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3548
If a solid spherical ball of iron with radius r centimetres  [#permalink]

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mandeey wrote:
If a solid spherical ball of iron with radius r centimetres is cut into two equal hemispheres, what is the ratio, in terms of r, of the volume and the surface area of each hemisphere?

A) 2r/9
B) r/3
C) 4r/9
D) 2r/3
E) 4r/3

Careful here - don't forget the surface area of the circular flat base of the hemisphere

Volume of a sphere:
$$\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3$$
Volume of a hemisphere is half of that:
$$\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3 * \frac{1}{2} =\frac{2}{3} \pi r^3$$

Surface area of a sphere:$$4\pi r^2$$

Surface area of hemisphere =
$$\frac{1}{2}$$ the round part of sphere + surface area of circular base

Half of the round part of the sphere's SA = $$2\pi r^2$$
The hemisphere's circular base SA = $$\pi r^2$$
Add them. $$2\pi r^2 + \pi r ^2 = 3\pi r^2$$

Ratio of hemisphere's volume to hemisphere's SA:

$$\frac{\frac{2}{3} \pi r^3}{3\pi r^2} = \frac{2r}{9}$$

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Re: If a solid spherical ball of iron with radius r centimetres  [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

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_________________ Re: If a solid spherical ball of iron with radius r centimetres   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2019, 05:50
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