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If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest

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If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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If \(m^2 < 225\) and \(n - m = -10\), what is the difference between the smallest possible integer value of \(3m + 2n\) and the greatest possible integer value of \(3m + 2n\)?

A. -190
B. -188
C. -150
D. -148
E. -40

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If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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SOLUTION

If \(m^2 < 225\) and \(n - m = -10\), what is the difference between the smallest possible integer value of \(3m + 2n\) and the greatest possible integer value of \(3m + 2n\)?

A. -190
B. -188
C. -150
D. -148
E. -40

This question is about algebraic manipulations with inequalities.

From \(n - m = -10\) it follows that \(n=m-10\). Thus, \(3m + 2n=3m+2(m-10)=5m-20\). So, we need to find the difference between the smallest possible integer value of \(5m-20\) and the greatest possible integer value of \(5m-20\).

Now, lets' work on \(m^2 < 225\):
Take the square root from both sides: \(|m|<15\);
Get rid of the modulus sign: \(-15<m < 15\);
Multiply all three parts by 5: \(-75< 5m < 75\);
Subtract 20 from all three parts: \(-95< 5m -20< 55\);

From \(-95< 5m -20< 55\) it follows that the smallest possible integer value of \(5m-20\) is -94 and the greatest possible integer value of \(5m-20\) is 54.

Therefore, the difference is -94 - 54= -148.

Answer: D.

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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2014, 10:22
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Hi,
i am getting -140 as the answer(none of the options:().
My calculations are as below:-
min value of m=-14,thus n=-24
max value of m=14,thus n=4

Smallest 3m+2n=3(-14)+2(-24)=-42-48=-90
Largest 3m+2n=3(14)+2(4)=50

Diff between smallest and largest=-90-50=-140


Can you please help ,what is wrong in my calculations.
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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2014, 11:00
Not sure about the answer, but wanna try.

m^2<225 => |m|<15

n-m=-10 => m=n+10

As far as it is not mentioned that "m" and "n" should be integers => |m|=14,5

Calculating max value:
14,5=n+10 => n=4,5
3m+2n = 43,5+9=52,5 =>52 (as the smallest integer value)

Calculating min value:
-14,5=n+10 => n=-24,5
3m+2n = -43,5-49=-92,5 => -93 (as the smallest integer value)

Difference "min-max" = -93-52=-145

Hence "C"
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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2014, 11:36
ankushbassi wrote:
Hi,
i am getting -140 as the answer(none of the options:().
My calculations are as below:-
min value of m=-14,thus n=-24
max value of m=14,thus n=4

Smallest 3m+2n=3(-14)+2(-24)=-42-48=-90
Largest 3m+2n=3(14)+2(4)=50

Diff between smallest and largest=-90-50=-140


Can you please help ,what is wrong in my calculations.


Solution for this question will be published by the end of the week.

By the way this question is a part of our NEW PROJECT.
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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2014, 10:47
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I get -148.

-15 < m <15
Also, 3m+2n= 5m-20, since n=m-10
For m=-15, which isn't an option, we get 5m-20= -95. But the exact previous number -94 is an option since m doesn't have to be an intenger. So that is our minimum
Similarly, for m=+15, which is not an option, 5m-20= +55. But the exact previous number +54 is an option. So this is our maximum.

So min-max = -94 -54= -148.
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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2014, 21:27
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Answer = D = -148

-94 - 54

= -148

\(m^2 < 225\)

m can be anything from -14.9 to + 14.9

Kindly refer chart below for detailed calculation:
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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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SOLUTION

If \(m^2 < 225\) and \(n - m = -10\), what is the difference between the smallest possible integer value of \(3m + 2n\) and the greatest possible integer value of \(3m + 2n\)?

A. -190
B. -188
C. -150
D. -148
E. -40

This question is about algebraic manipulations with inequalities.

From \(n - m = -10\) it follows that \(n=m-10\). Thus, \(3m + 2n=3m+2(m-10)=5m-20\). So, we need to find the difference between the smallest possible integer value of \(5m-20\) and the greatest possible integer value of \(5m-20\).

Now, lets' work on \(m^2 < 225\):
Take the square root from both sides: \(|m|<15\);
Get rid of the modulus sign: \(-15<m < 15\);
Multiply all three parts by 5: \(-75< 5m < 75\);
Subtract 20 from all three parts: \(-95< 5m -20< 55\);

From \(-95< 5m -20< 55\) it follows that the smallest possible integer value of \(5m-20\) is -94 and the greatest possible integer value of \(5m-20\) is 54.

Therefore, the difference is -94 - 54= -148.

Answer: D.

Kudos points given to correct solutions above.

Try NEW inequalities DS question.
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2014, 11:16
Bunuel wrote:
ankushbassi wrote:
Hi,
i am getting -140 as the answer(none of the options:().
My calculations are as below:-
min value of m=-14,thus n=-24
max value of m=14,thus n=4

Smallest 3m+2n=3(-14)+2(-24)=-42-48=-90
Largest 3m+2n=3(14)+2(4)=50

Diff between smallest and largest=-90-50=-140


Can you please help ,what is wrong in my calculations.


Solution for this question will be published by the end of the week.

By the way this question is a part of our NEW PROJECT.


Hi Bunuel..
I did also the same way above mentioned and got -140. However I did understand the method which you have explained in the discussion but still want to clarify about the method which has been explained above...
Can you pls explain...whats wrong with above method???

Thanks in advance
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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2014, 11:21
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KUDOS
Expert's post
GGMAT760 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
ankushbassi wrote:
Hi,
i am getting -140 as the answer(none of the options:().
My calculations are as below:-
min value of m=-14,thus n=-24
max value of m=14,thus n=4

Smallest 3m+2n=3(-14)+2(-24)=-42-48=-90
Largest 3m+2n=3(14)+2(4)=50

Diff between smallest and largest=-90-50=-140


Can you please help ,what is wrong in my calculations.


Solution for this question will be published by the end of the week.

By the way this question is a part of our NEW PROJECT.


Hi Bunuel..
I did also the same way above mentioned and got -140. However I did understand the method which you have explained in the discussion but still want to clarify about the method which has been explained above...
Can you pls explain...whats wrong with above method???

Thanks in advance


We are NOT told that m is an integer, hence from -15<m<15 saying that the minimum value of m is -14 and the maximum value of m is 14 is wrong.
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PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2014, 23:30
its D -148

I did it in a following way

here n - m = -10

m = n+10

then 3m +2n = 3(n+10)+2n = 5n+30

so we need to findout max and minimum values of 5n+30

m^2 <225

put m= n+10
(n+10)^2 <225

solving this equation becomes
n^2 +20n -125 <0

(n+25)(n-5) <0

so here we have three ranges

n <-25
-25 <n <5
n>5

taking n>5 it becomes >0 so sequence will be +-+

now n will be between -25 <n<5

taking n= 4.9 . 5n+30 will have value 54.5 so integer value is 54
taking n = -24.9. 5n+30 will become -124.5+30 = -94.5 = -94(integer value)

so difference is 54 - (-94) = 148
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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest [#permalink]

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Re: If m^2 < 225 and n - m = -10, what is the sum f the smallest   [#permalink] 24 Dec 2017, 07:49
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